1984 Vs, Brave New World Essay, Research Paper
In Orwell & # 8217 ; s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley & # 8217 ; s Brave New World, the important figures strive for freedom, peace, and stableness for all, to develop a Utopian society. The Utopian society strives for a perfect province of wellbeing for all individuals in the community, and over-emphasizes this factor, where no individual is exposed to the world of the universe. As each novel progresses we see that neither society possesses household values nor efforts to pattern them. Neither are passionate nor originative in factors such as love, linguistic communication, history and literature. Our society today, in general, is diffident about the hereafter: The incubus of entire organisation has emerged from the safe, distant hereafter and is now expecting us, merely around the following corner. It follows inexorably from holding so many people. This quotes represents Watts & # 8217 ; fright for the hereafter ; George Orwell and Aldous Huxley both explore the hereafter province of civilisation in their novels. They both warn us of the dangers of a totalitarian society. Both books express a Utopian ideal, examine characters that are forced into this province and are compelled to covering with this society and all the regulations involved. The impracticality of the Utopian ideal is explored in Orwell & # 8217 ; s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley & # 8217 ; s Brave New World. Both writers suggest that a deficiency of familial bonds, the repression of human individualism, and the repression of artistic and originative enterprises in order to achieve a stable environment renders the accomplishment of a perfect province unrealistic. The deficiency of familial bonds, in both novels, contributes to the development of a dystopian society. This deficiency of familial bonds is apparent through familial technology, the usage of names, and a normally used drug, haoma. One of the first mentionings of household in Brave New World is when the chief character, Bernard, asks the Controller, the ultimate leader, about the past and why their society does non believe in households. His response suggests that important figures do non believe that there is demand for a female parent in society and hence, the Controller responds, & # 8220 ; Mother, he repeated aloud rubbing in the scientific discipline ; and, tilting back in his chair, these, he said soberly are unpleasant facts ; I know it. But so most historical facts are unpleasant. & # 8221 ; The neglect for female parents as a valuable figure in life contributes to the deficiency of familial bonds. In Huxley & # 8217 ; s Brave New World, human life is conceived in a bottle ; the embryo no longer grows in the female parent & # 8217 ; s uterus, and hence no bond is formed between the female parent and the babe. There are & # 8216 ; bottle deliver & # 8217 ; instead than the birth of a babe from it & # 8217 ; s female parent. There are besides conditioning centres, which become a place for all kids for their full childhood. In such fortunes, one does non have the particular attending that you would have from a household. Since they do non hold household, they do non have love during their upbringings, therefore the merchandises of this society do non develop the values of love nor do they esteem themselves as sexual existences. Orwell & # 8217 ; s pick in calling the Party & # 8217 ; s leader, & # 8216 ; Big Brother & # 8217 ; in Nineteen Eighty-Four, gives the reader the feeling that all of Oceania is like a immense household. There are no smaller single households, which consequences in this society & # 8217 ; s deficiency of close and intimate relationships. The first description Orwell gives to his audience of Big Brother is, & # 8221 ; & # 8230 ; standing like a stone against the hosts of Asia & # 8230 ; uncertainty about his very being, seemed like some sinister enchanter, capable by the mere power of his voice of bust uping the construction of civilization. & # 8221 ; This first feeling of & # 8216 ; Big Brother & # 8217 ; is a terrorization and violent image. It leads households to believe that he is a hapless role-model in picturing what the word & # 8216 ; brother & # 8217 ; truly stands for. & # 8220 ; The word & # 8216 ; brother & # 8217 ; is the name that one would utilize in a household. The Big Brother, the Great Leader in Oceania, contributes to the deficiency of household values and the corruptness of the Party. It is non a justness comparison. & # 8221 ; Using Big Brother & # 8217 ; s name so frequently takes off from the household ideal and begins to weaken household relationships. The usage of haoma, the perfect drug, acts as a negative replacing for familial bonds. When an person can non get by with the day-to-day emphasiss of life they rely on haoma, to turn their emphasis into an semblance. This acts as a replacement to covering with their jobs, instead than trusting on household for support or advice. Soma is an & # 8220 ; euphoric, narcotic, cheerily hallucinant & # 8230 ; a vacation from reality. & # 8221 ; It leaves the person with unsolved issues and consequences in an illusioned life ; this is non just to the household, who has to cover with the person & # 8217 ; s trust of the narcotic. Soma has a negative consequence on familial bonds, and contributes to the accomplishment of a perfect sate, which is unrealistic. Authority, in the novels Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four have an huge consequence over one & # 8217 ; s individuality and individuality, taking to a dystopic province. This great deficiency of individualism is due to the conditioning procedure on the kids, and the maintaining of a stable environment. In Orwell & # 8217 ; s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley & # 8217 ; s Brave New World everyone is indistinguishable. Huxley writes about the loss of human individualism. & # 8220 ; Twelve of them ready to be made one, waiting to come together, to be fused, to lose their 12 separate individualities in a larger being. & # 8221 ; Each citizen loses power and pride in their ain individuality. Every human being, in both Utopian universes, is conditioned to suit society & # 8217 ; s demands. In Brave New World, the Deoxyribonucleic acid of a embryo is arranged precisely the same as several others, bring forthing several twins. Then as a kid, you are put through different drills and modus operandis, including psychological conditioning, and & # 8220 ; sleep-teaching & # 8221 ; , coercing you to go a merchandise of a certain category: Huxley wrote out of his scientific background and mass-produced his population in the manner long popular in scientific discipline fiction, turning them in bottles and conditioning them from birth in all the ways proposed by psychologists. This shows that the merchandises of the conditioning procedure do non cognize nor understand the worlds of the universe. They are hidden in semblance their full life and are modified from the clip that they are foremost placed in a bottle, to believe in the Utopian ideals. In Brave New World, John, the barbarian sees the semblance. & # 8220 ; You & # 8217 ; rheniums so conditioned that you can & # 8217 ; t assist making what you ought to make & # 8221 ; . John, the barbarian, points this out to Lenina, a merchandise from the Utopian society, but she is so caught up in the semblance that she can non see the conditioning. In Nineteen Eighty-Four, O & # 8217 ; Brien, a member from the elect category, confesses to the corruptness of the political party, & # 8216 ; & # 8230 ; the Party seeks power for its ain interest & # 8230 ; Power is non a agency ; it is an end. & # 8217 ; This shows the Party & # 8217 ; s purposes in maintaining society an semblance. They have power to make anything that they wish to make. Since this is true, the Party brainwashes ideas into the followings caputs believing that they live in a Utopian society. Winston, in Nineteen Eighty-Four, has been brainwashed: Winston gazed up at the tremendous face. Forty old ages it had taken him to larn what sort
of smile was hidden beneath the dark mustache. O cruel, needless misunderstanding! O stubborn, self-willed exile from the loving breast! Two gin-scented tears trickled down the sides of his nose. But it was all right, everything was all right, the struggle was finished. He had won the victory over himself. He loved Big Brother. This shows the power that the Party and O’Brien has had over Winston; they have taken his old understanding and beliefs and transformed them into an attitude that complies with those of the Party. The conditioning of an individual for a utopian society often results in the repression of individuality. Both novels attempt to create a utopian society. The major thing that holds these societies together is because they are stable. Stability is a goal for both Oceania (from Nineteen Eight-Four) and for the Brave New World. It reinforces the control and power of the elite class. “Stability means minimizing conflict, risk, and change. Without conflict, risk, and change, Utopia is realistic.” When stability is attained, the world of Utopia becomes an illusion. Individuals that are stuck in this illusion can no longer see reality. The Party, in Nineteen Eighty-Four, creates goals, that they place all over the city. The signs say: “WAR IS PEACE”, “FREEDOM IS SLAVERY” , and “IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH” . The Party is adding to the illusion, forcing people to have no choice but to accept the oppression. This is the Party’s way of controlling and brainwashing its people. Brave New World has a similar, yet different, way of control: “Both heredity and environment were absolutely determined. These bottle products were released from moral tensions because they were so conditioned that none of their actions had moral consequences.” This shows that society is stuck living an illusion. The elite class has so much power that the other classes cannot understand and will never be able to deal with the true problems within the world. This is evident in Brave New World, when Lenina and Bernard first arrive at the Indian Reservation. While being guided around the island, the whole reservation has gathered for a ceremony in the center of the island, and Lenina sees sickness, age, scars, pain, and a woman breast feeding their children. She is repulsed by all of this, and cannot cope with any of it. The Indian island is not stable, and that is why Lenina cannot deal with realities, as she has never been exposed to these things before. As soon as stability has been broken, so has the utopian ideal. Through the vast uses of human conditioning and the constant stable environment, human individuality is no longer be present. In the case that there is no human individualism, the utopian ideal remains dystopic. The repression of artistic and creative desires are contributors to the unrealistic state of utopia. The depletion of language and history is present in Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Huxley’s Brave New World and acts as a part of the repression of artistic and creative endeavors. Everyone has the need to express themselves; whether it is through poetry, music, writing or painting; it should be a wonderful passion that individuals enjoy. With a ban of creative or artistic activity, there will definitely be a change in society. ‘…And passion and neurasthenia means the end of civilization. You can’t have a lasting civilization without plenty of pleasant vices.’ This shows that individuals must be able to express themselves in order to have an interesting and pleasant society. Language and history are slowly being erased from Oceania and brave new world. Newspeak, the local news station on the telesceen of Oceania in Nineteen Eighty-Four, aims to reduce the number of words in the language. The plan continues with the reporters using less and less words to decrease the thinking in the brain, and the eventual dissolve of one’s imagination. “In the end we shall make thought-crime literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it” Now there is no need for the Thought Police because there will be a little amount of words left in the English language. History, in both novels, contributes to the development of stable society. Winston, from the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four works for the Ministry of Truth. This Ministry is completely immoral, where Winston’s job is to change history constantly so “:..the chosen lie would pass into the permanent records and become truth..” In Brave New World, people have no desire for history and literature because they have been brainwashed to stay away from books. In both societies, people will never learn how to make their lives better or be aware of the illusion that is present. This results in living in a stable society, where nothing will ever change. The people from this society unwillingly paid the price of their creativity and their ability to think, which results in their lack of expression and imagination. These creative and artistic endeavors that are necessary to sustain a utopian ideal, create an unrealistic utopia. Expressed in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, is the unfeasibility of the Utopian ideal. There perfect state remains dystopic when a lack of familial bonds, the sacrifice of human identity, and the lack of creative and artistic desires try to create stability in their society. The illusion of the utopian society is obvious. Both of these authors do an excellent job in depicting the reality of utopia ideal: ‘But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.’ ‘In fact,’ said Mustapha Mond, ‘you’re claiming the right to be unhappy.’ ‘All right, then,’ said the Savage defiantly, ‘I’m claiming the right to be unhappy.’ ‘Not to mention the right to grow old and ugly and impotent; the right to have syphilis and cancer; the right to have little to eat; the right to be lousy; the right to live in constant apprehension of what may happen tomorrow; the right to catch typhoid; the right to be tortured by unspeakable pains of every kind.’ There was a long silence. ‘I claim them all,’ said the Savage at last. This quote represents the failure of the utopian ideal. John in Brave New World, is the last one to see through this illusion. He recognizes what the controllers have done; they have deteriorated family relationships, lost the individualism in each human, and repressed artistic and creative endeavors to a minimum to ensure a stable society. In Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four, Winston has almost reached the state of seeing through the illusion. The Party realizes this and sends his to Room 101, where ‘your worst fear becomes a reality’. The purpose of this being to readjust Winston’s attitudes. He is conditioned and at the end of the novel comes to a realization, “I love Big Brother” . The Party is too powerful for Winston to see through this illusion. It is evident through both novels, whereby both societies strive for this utopian state, that in the end, it is proved that with a lack of familial bonds, the loss of human individuality, and the repression of creative and artistic endeavors, both societies remain dytopic.