Within this assignment I will
identify the development of the welfare principles. I will explain the origin
and development of the poor laws. Also evaluate the creation and implementation
of the Beveridge report. I will explain the impact of post-war social, economic
and political factors in the changing nature of welfare provision. I will
identify key ideas questioning of the role of the welfare state. I will further
explain the development of the new right ideology, and its influences on
welfare provision. Finally, I will look at political terminology in an
appropriate manner.

“The 1942 Beveridge report spelled
out a system of social insurances, covering every citizen regardless of
income.” (The guardian 2001) Winston Churchill made an announcement of the
unconditional surrender of the Nazis. The labour ministers insisted that the
country should be offered the choice, he called for an election for July hoping
the British people would back him. The voters wanted to end to the war.
However, society evolved and didn’t want to carry on the war.

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In 1942 Beveridge report gave out a
system of social insurance. “It offered nothing less than a cradle- to- grave
welfare state” (the guardian 2001) Sir William Beveridge, Liberal economist commissioned
by the war-time to help plan Britain’s post-war future. The Beveridge report
got published to identify what he called the ‘five giants’. This would prevent
Britain’s becoming a modern society. The first of the five giants is ‘want’
where people are in poverty or in need of help. Allowances for the sick ,
mothers, widowed. Also give benefits to the unemployed.  the second is ‘ignorance’ where people have
lack of education. Third one being ‘disease’, have the lack of health care, or
an individual not been able to afford it. The fourth one is ‘squalor’, this is
where people have poor housing. Finally, the fifth: ‘Idleness’, people being
unemployed. In 1945 the election of a new labour government with the leadership
of Clement Attlee. He promised within his election campaign that after labour
brought in the 1942 national insurance act to give benefits for unemployment
and pregnant women. They also give pensions to the retired, allowances for the
sick and widowed.

The 1946 industrial injuries act,
will provide compensation for injured workers. The 1948 national assistance act
assisted the poorest in society. Poor laws, workhouses and UAB scrapped. 1944-
The education act (Butlers act) provided free primary and secondary education
for all. The schools leaving age raised to fifteen later to sixteen, which in
1947 labour passed this as a law. While in 1948 the employment and training act
took place, they established a skilled work force, gave funding to school
leavers and de-mobbed servicemen to train. It is also aimed at regenerating
areas of previously high unemployment, such as South Wales. The Beveridge was
involved in world war one mobilising and controlling man power. When he
published his report in the 1942 he said to the government they should find a
way of the government they should find a way of fighting the fight giant(BBC 2013).   

1601 is when the poor laws made
their first attempt to provide for the less fortunate, as some families could
not cope with the ill-health. The poor laws go back to the fifteen
century.  it was considered to be a religious
duty for all Christians to undertake the seven corporal works of mercy. These
deeds aimed at relieving bodily distress in accordance with the teaching of
Jesus (Matthew 25 vv. 32.46) people were to, feed the hungry, give a drink to
the thirsty, welcome a stranger, clothe the naked, visit the sick, visit the
prisoner and finally bury the dead.

The post-war began to start during
the election of Clement Atlee in 1945 to be British Prime Minister (1945-51)
and ended on the following election of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime
Minister (1979-90). Britain at this time was seen to be as international, this
was due to to being on the winning side of the war, having making peace by
turning up to peace conferences. The held a strong relationship with the United
States of America.  In recent decades it
has shown the importance of World War I by starting the new state interventions
in the economic and social field. The huge efforts from the state during the
time of mobilization of the war brought in compensation for the population, for
the workers employed in the war industries and the millions of wounded and
family members of fallen soldiers. In 1572 the poor law tax was put into place
to help alleviation of property and local responsibilities.   Ideas of work houses where put into place. A
group of people called the overseers calculated out much parishioners should
contribute to the poor rate to set it according. This means they went out and
collected the rate from property owners and then they would give the money out
or give out food.  Gregs (1950) said that
the new and improved poor law amendment act eliminated the old system, the poor
relief. This improved on the work houses to try reduce the poverty, by 1834
these where running throughout England, wales Ireland and Scotland. By the 18th
century these industry where at their highest. The woollen industry was split
into three entrepreneurs’ wool, clothiers and distributers to consumer.


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