A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint.
True
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints.
True
All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight.
False
Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes.
False
Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood.
True
The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability.
True
The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement.
True
The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion.
False
Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint.
True
The knee joint allows for extension and flexion only.
False
A movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior is supination.
True
The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements.
False
Cruciate ligaments are important ligaments that stabilize all ball-and-socket joints.
False
Moving the arm in a full circle is an example of circumduction.
True
Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion.
True
The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the “hinge” for the elbow joint.
True
The ligamentum teres represents a very important stabilizing ligament for the hip joint.
False
The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity.
True
Chondromalacia patellae is hardening of the articular cartilage on the posterior patella surface.
False
Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris.
True
A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids.
False
A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint.
True
Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion.
True
A nonaxial movement is usually seen at a joint such as a hinge.
False
Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa.
False
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Name the two bones of the hand that articulate to form a saddle joint.
The trapezium of the carpal bone and the thumb’s metacarpal.
A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ___ joint.
gomphosis
A fibrous joint, without joint cavity, classified as a synarthroses, that is important for binding flat bones together, become synostoses as an adult?
suture
Which of the following is a syndesmosis?
A fibrous joint, without joint cavity, classified as a synarthroses, that is important for stabilizing your knee
A cartilaginous joint, without joint cavity, classified as a amphiarthrosis, that includes the pubic joint of the pelvis?
symphysis
Which below is not a correct match?
A) syndesmosis-fibrous
B) synchondrosis-fibrous
C) synovial-cavity
D) suture-fibrous
E) gomphosis-fibrous
B) synchondrosis-fibrous
Which below is not a correct match?
A) syndesmosis-synarthrosis
B) gomphosis-synarthrosis
C) synovial-diarthrosis
D) synchondrosis-synarthrosis
E) symphysis-diarthrosis
E) symphysis-diarthrosis
Which below is not a correct match?
A) synchondrosis-peg-in-socket
B) synovial-knee joint
C) symphysis-pad of fibrocartilage
D) gomphosis-periodontal ligament
E) syndesmosis-anterior cruciate
A) synchondrosis-peg-in-socket
Which below is not a structure of a synovial joint?
A) synovial fluid
B) joint (synovial) cavity
C) reinforcing ligaments
D) hyaluronic connections
E) articular cartilage
D) hyaluronic connections
Connective tissue sacs lined with membranes that produce a weeping fluid are called:
synovial cavities
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions when you pound your feet on the pavement where friction develops are called:
bursae
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions when you get friction along the tendon from bowling with your wee:
tendon sheaths
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called:
cruciate ligaments
Synarthrotic joints___.
permit essentially no movement.
Fibrous joints are classified as:
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses.
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with:
hyaline cartilage
Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
Menisci refer to___.
semilunar cartilage pads.
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is/are damaged as a result?
medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
Which of the following conditions is generally considered a noninflammatory type of arthritis?
osteoarthritis
Gouty arthritis is a painful condition caused by____.
excessive blood levels of uric acid deposited as crystals in the soft tissue joints.
A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a __ joint.
gomphosis
The cruciate ligaments of the knee _____.
prevent hyperextension of the knee
If a patient was suffering from bursitis, this condition would be designated as inflammation of a(n) ________.
small sac containing fluid
An immovable joint found only between skull bones is called a ___.
suture
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a _____.
symphysis
On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?
syndesmosis
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called _____.
bursae
Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.
amphiarthroses
Which of these joint types affords uniaxial movement?
hinge
________ are cartilaginous joints.
Synchondroses
The gliding motion of the wrist is accomplished because of the ___ joint.
plane
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.
cruciate ligaments
Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of___.
hyperextension
In the classification of joints, which of the following is true?
All synovial joints are freely movable.
A joint that is known as a suture is found _____.
in the skull only
Synarthrotic joints ________.
permit essentially no movement
Fibrous joints are classified as _______.
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.
hyaline cartilage
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following statements is true about this fluid?
It contains hyaluronic acid.
Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
Menisci refer to _____.
semilunar cartilage pads
Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?
Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
When one is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane, it is called _____.
abduction
The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to ____.
the feet
The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ____synovial joint.
multiaxial
Movement allowed in a pivot joint is known as ______.
uniaxial rotation
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.
rare because of the ligament reinforcement
The ______ ligament holds the radius to the ulna at the proximal end.
annular
Which ligament of the knee initiates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?
the patellar ligament
When a ballerina points the toes, it is known as ______.
plantar flexion
Which of the following is a true statement?
A) The rotator cuff is responsible for the flexible extensions at the elbow joint.
B) The annular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
C) The head of the humerus articulates with the acromion process.
D) The greater tubercule of the humerus articulates at the coracoid process of the scapula.
B) The annular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
Multiaxial joints of the body include ________.
the hip and shoulder
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?
hinge joint
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ___.
lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
Which is correct about development of joints?
Joints develop in parallel with bones.
An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is ________.
the radius and ulna along its length
Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?
A) They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
B) They allow movement only in one plane.
C) They allow movement in several planes.
D) They occur only between bones with flat articular processes.
A) They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
Tendon sheaths ________.
act as friction-reducing structures
Lyme disease is a bacterial disease transmitted by the bite of a __.
tick
x

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