Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto between December 1847 and February 1848 at the request of the Central Committee of the Communist League in London. This theoretical pamphlet containing merely thirty pages may be responsible for influencing more people between the late nineteenth and mid twentieth centuries than any other printed work of its time. Not only did this manifesto attempt to fulfill its primary purpose of unifying the League s opposing fractions it also acted as a beacon to the oppressed working class people of the world to unite against their oppressors.
The birth of the industrial revolution brought upon enormous economic change. With the implementation of machinery the laborers, referred to here as the Proletarians, were able to produce more goods in a shorter period of time. In a capitalist society the owners of the land, machines, and factories, known at the time as the Bourgeois, would reap all the benefits from this increase in production. Within this complex economic model the rich would get richer while the poor would continue to face a life of poverty.
What Marx believed in was that the laborers themselves should reap the fruits of their labor not the capitalist bourgeois. In order to accomplish this the ownership of all capital must be redistributed from the upper-middle class to all the people including the laborers. He also believed that the bourgeois was no longer morally fit to be the ruling class in society because it allowed its workers to sink into such a state of poverty. According to Marx, society could no longer live under the bourgeois.
The bourgeois was no longer compatible with society. The proletarians would have to revolt against the politically sound bourgeois and remove them from power. They would have to raise themselves to the position of the ruling class through democracy. Marx inspired this in the minds of the proletariats in the closing lines of the manifesto which so powerfully reads: Let the ruling class tremble at a Communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.