These causes could be one or multiple things ranging from alcohol or drug abuse, certain medical conditions, steroids, sleeping problems, stressful events such as; a break up, failing a class, death or illness of someone close, divorce, retirement, pregnancy, Jail term, sex difficulties, gain of a family member, financial changes, change in general, childhood abuse or neglect, a Job loss, bullying, or more common n the elderly social isolation (Pumped Health) The environment can be a huge cause for depression, the weather, specially rainy or winter seasons, big cities can be stressful, while small towns have many downsides causing stress.

Many risk factors come from these causes. Risk factors can play a huge part in the development of depression. Family history, having an immediate family member with depression increases the risk of developing depression. Other mental illnesses, such as alcoholism in family members, can also increase the risk for depression. Early childhood experience, early holding trauma, such as loss of a parent before adolescence, child neglect, physical, emotional or sexual abuse, and parental divorce are all linked to increased risk for adult depression.

Stress, negative life events, such as divorce, loss of a loved one or loss of employment are associated with increased depression. Work status, such as being unemployed for more than 6 months depression is a high risk. Gender, being a woman has a higher risk factor of developing depression, while being a man there is a less chance. 4 out of 10 women suffer while, 1 out of 10 men suffer from oppression. Women are more likely to attempt suicide more frequent while men are more likely to succeed their attempt. (www. Pestilential. Mom) Residence, marital status, physical illness, medications, ethnic and cultural groups, tobacco, and age are also big risk factors in the development of depression. Complications of depression can be many things ranging from self harm to affecting school work. Complications associated from depression include alcohol abuse, substance abuse, anxiety, work problems as in losing your Job from lack of self motivation or school problems, family inflicts, relationship difficulties, social isolation, suicide, self-mutilation, such as cutting, premature death from other medical conditions. Mayo Clinic) Symptoms of depression include agitation, restlessness, irritability or angry outbursts, difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions, dramatic change in appetite; weight gain or loss, fatigue, lack of energy- even small tasks may seem to require a lot tot torte, crying spells tort no reason, telling tot hopeless, guilt, and helplessness, loss of interest in things that were once enjoyed, reduced libido, slowed peaking, body movements, or thinking, thoughts of death or suicide, attempting suicide, insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, and excessive sleeping, persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems that do not ease even with treatment.

A person with depression is usually very negative and feels nothing will fix their problems. For some people symptoms of depression are so severe that it’s obvious something isn’t right. Other times people feel in general miserable or unhappy without really knowing or understanding the reason behind those feelings. There is many types of depression that these symptoms go hand and hand with. Unpopular depression. Unpopular depression is categorized by episodes of mild, moderate, and severe. A mild episode is difficulty in concentrating on normal activities, function is still maintainable. A severe episode consists of complete loss in normal activities and function correctly is possible but not likely.

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Another kind of depression is bipolar mood disorder. This type of depression typically consists of both manic and depressive episodes separated by periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involve elevated or irritable mood, over-activity, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep (WHO) A third kind of depression is seasonal depression aka SAD. SAD happens every year at the same time. Winter depression is the most common type of SAD. Reasons why this is hormones manufactured deep in the brain automatically trigger attitudinal changes at certain times of year. Experts believe that SAD is related to these hormonal changes.

One theory is that reduced sunlight during fall and winter leads to reduced production of serotonin in the the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that has a soothing, calming effect. The result of there not being enough serotonin is feelings of depression along with symptoms of fatigue, carbohydrate craving, and weight gain. (mm. ‘. WebMD. Com) Dysphasia is a type of mild depression also known as chronic depression. Chronic depression is one of the most common depression people suffer from. It can last long periods of time and often people suffering will experience episodes of major depression. These types of depression can be diagnosed by a doctor.

Symptoms as above are what doctors look for to diagnose depression, along with Emily history of depression. A doctor in primary health care will take urine and blood samples to check TTS and thyroxin for disease or disorders that could be causing the same symptoms depression causes. (Wisped) If other diseases and disorders are ruled out, depression is the problem, treatment is available and most likely provided or prescribed by a doctor, the treatment options vary and there is many to pick from. Treatment options include medications called anti-depressant, including protozoa, zloty, and clean. Another treatment option is talk therapy which is called psychotherapy.

Talking with someone to push away negative thoughts and learning safer and more positive ways to deal with your problems. Another form of talk therapy would be a support group. Where many people with depression can relate and feeling alone is eliminated. Light therapy is another option for treatment. Light therapy is getting sufficient amounts of the sun (Pumped Health) The suns rays have vitamin D which is known as the “Happy Vitamin”. Taking vitamin D is supplements goes side by side with light therapy. Another form of treatment would be lifestyle changes, like exercising more often, surroundings of better influenced people who re happy is a great lifestyle change (www. Helplessness’s. Mom) Another lifestyle change is eating healthier makes your body work less to digest your food that are otherwise high in saturated fats (www. Helplessness’s. Com) Depression treatments can be prevented. Prevention to developing depression includes getting regular exercise. Exercise releases “feel good brain chemicals” such as neurotransmitters and endorphins that may ease depression and reducing immune system chemicals which can worsen depression (Mayo Clinic) More prevention options are maintaining good sleep habits, lining rested and ready for you day will cause less of an overwhelming feeling which is a cause and symptom of depression.

Participating in activities causing pleasure and happiness, volunteering and helping others, talking about problems and feelings occurring with a trusted person, and surrounding yourself with positive and uplifting people are all other ways to prevent the development of depression. Experimental research on the treatment of depression is in happening in many medical centers, one major research is treating depression with electrodes in the brain. The procedure is called deep brain stimulation, or DB’S. DB’S targets a small brain structure known as Area 25, the “ringleader” for the brain circuits that control our moods, according to neurologist Dry. Helen Maybe (CNN) Another research is being done on the fast acting antidepressant called Astatine.

Astatine briefly improved treatment-resistant patients’ depression symptoms in minutes, with minimal untoward side effects (Science Daily) Researchers at Oxford are looking into the effects of exercise to reduce or eliminate depression, they took forty-nine female oleanders and had them do different exercises daily for 8-weeks and group Jogging for 8 weeks. The results showed that group Jogging may be effective in improving depressive state, hormonal response to stress and physiological fitness of adolescent females with depressive symptoms (Oxford) Depression affects 1 in 10 people every year and a total of 121 million worldwide, even though the amount of people affected by the disease of depression is great and increasing every year, it is treatable and curable with many options and even more being researched.

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