In May 1936. the Director of Posts announced in the dailies of Manila that he would order the issue of postage casts marking the jubilation in the City of Manila of the 33rd International Eucharistic Congress. organized by the Roman Catholic Church. The suppliant. Monss. Gregorio Aglipay. Supreme Head of the Philippine Independent Church. in the fulfilment of what he considers to be a civic responsibility. requested Vicente Sotto. Esq. . member of the Philippine Bar. to denounce the affair to the President of the Philippines. In malice of the protest of the petitioner’s lawyer. the Director of Posts publically announced holding sent to the United States the designs of the postage for printing. The said casts were really issued and sold though the greater portion thereof remained unsold. The farther sale of the casts was sought to be prevented by the suppliant. II. Issue
Whether or non the respondent violated the Constitution in publishing and selling postage casts commemorative of the Thirty-third International Eucharistic Congress
What is guaranteed by our Fundamental law is spiritual freedom and non mere spiritual acceptance. It is nevertheless non an suppression of profound fear for faith and is non a denial of its influence in human personal businesss. Religion as a profession of religion to an active power that binds and elevates adult male to his Creator is recognized. And in so far as it instills into the heads the purest rules of morality. its influence is profoundly felt and extremely appreciated. The phrase in Act No. 4052 “advantageous to the government” does non authorise misdemeanor of the Constitution. The issue of the casts was non inspired by any feeling to prefer a peculiar church or spiritual denomination. They were non sold for the benefit of the Roman Catholic Church. The postage casts. alternatively of demoing a Catholic goblet as originally planned. contains a map of the Philippines and the location of Manila. with the words “Seat XXXIII International Eucharistic Congress. ” The focal point of the casts was non the Eucharistic Congress but the metropolis of Manila. being the place of that Congress. This was to “to publicize the Philippines and pull more tourers. ” the functionaries simply took advantage of an event considered of international importance. Although such issue and sale may be inseparably linked with the Roman Catholic Church. any benefit and propaganda by the way ensuing from it was no the purpose or intent of the Government.