During the last decennaries, Mauritius has evolved from a low-income economic system to a great extent dependent on agribusiness to a middle-income diversified economic system. Such economic growing has been the consequence of an unprecedented roar in the touristry industry. The policy of the authorities is non merely to advance elect touristry but besides low budget touristry. The success of Mauritius as a high quality tourer finish is chiefly due to its natural beauty, bluish lagunas, alien sandy beaches, good clime, friendly and welcoming people, epicurean hotels with good comfortss, improved air entree, good targeted promotional run and effectual selling schemes and authorities support to the industry.
There has been a consistent growing in tourer reachings over the last decennaries with the figure of international tourer reachings increasing from 72,915 in 1974 to more than 800,000 in 2009, harmonizing to figures obtained from the Central Statistical Office. The touristry sector which has become one of the most dynamic sectors, is expected to take an of import topographic point in the Mauritanian economic system. The aim of the authorities is to increase the degree of one-year tourer reaching to 2 million by 2015. As such it has implemented certain schemes which include gap of the sky, selling program to develop new markets, establishing on legion Integrated Resort Schemes and advancing the building of new hotels.
3.2 Trend Analysis
3.2.1 Tourist Arrivals
Tourist reachings in Mauritius have risen significantly from 72,915 in 1974 to 871,356 in 2009. Such rapid rate of addition places Mauritius as one of the fastest turning touristry finish in the universe.
During the period 1974 to 1979, reachings about doubled, making a sum of 128,360 in 1979. However, this was followed by a sudden lessening whereby entire reachings fell to 118,360 in 1983. This was chiefly due to the oil crisis of 1979 which had a terrible impact on the planetary economic system with general economic recession and increased air menus.
From 1983 there was a consistent addition in reachings and this was the consequence of the recovery of the universe economic system. In 1991, Mauritius experienced a low growing rate of 3.6 % in tourer reachings and this could be attributed to the ferocious competition from Asiatic and Caribbean touristry finish and to economic recession. In 2000, Mauritius experienced a growing rate of 13.6 % in tourer reachings, which could be contrasted with that of 0.6 % in 2001. This was chiefly due to the inauspicious external daze of the terrorist act onslaught of the 11th September 2001. For the undermentioned old ages, reachings invariably increased, making a extremum of 930,456 in 2008.
Figure 3.2.1: Tendencies in International Tourist Arrivals in Mauritius
Beginning: Own calculation & A ; Data from Handbook of Statistical Data on Tourism 2008
Tourist reachings for the twelvemonth 2009 decreased by 6.4 % to make 871,356 compared to 930,456 for 2008. For the first nine months of 2010, the figure of tourers sing Mauritius increased by 6.2 % to make 646,656 as opposed to 608,885 for the same period of 2009. Excluding April 2010, all the other eight months for the period January to September 2010 experienced rises in the figure of tourer reachings when compared to the corresponding months of 2009. Tourist arrivals the twelvemonth 2010 are forecasted to be 920,000, stand foring an addition of 5.6 % over 2009 and in 2011, reachings are forecasted to be around 950,000 stand foring an addition of 3.3 % over 2010.
3.2.2 Market Tendencies
The major tourer bring forthing states are France, UK, Reunion Island and South Africa. Arrivals from Europe, which accounted for 66.5 % of entire tourer reachings, decreased by 4.7 % to make 579,509 in 2009 against 608,358 for 2008. Arrivals from France, the taking market stand foring 31.6 % of entire tourer reachings and 47.6 % of the European market, rose by 6.0 % to achieve 275,599 in 2009. However, for the period 2008 to 2009, falls in reachings were registered for the other major bring forthing states: United Kingdom ( -5.5 % ) , Italy ( -14.6 % ) and Germany ( -16.6 % ) . For European states, there has been a lessening in reachings: Switzerland ( -4.3 % ) , Netherlands ( -8.7 % ) , Austria ( -9.7 % ) , Commonwealth of Independent States ( -11.1 % ) , Belgium ( -13.1 % ) , Spain ( -20.4 % ) and Sweden ( -39.1 % ) .
In 2009, reachings from Africa, which accounts for a portion of 23.4 % of entire tourer reachings, contracted by 4.5 % to 204,308. The figure of tourers Reunion Island increased by 9.1 % to make 104,946, while those from Republic of South Africa fell by 12.2 % , amounting to 74,176.
Tourist reachings from the Asiatic market in 2009, which represented 7.1 % of entire tourer reachings, went down by 14.6 % to make 62,131. Arrivals from India, the major beginning on this continent, declined by 10.6 % to make 39,252. A lessening in the figure of tourers was noted from other Asiatic states were as follows: Singapore ( -5.7 % ) , People ‘s Republic of China ( -17.8 % ) , Japan ( -22.8 % ) , Malaysia ( -22.9 % ) , United Arab Emirates ( -23.6 % ) and Hong Kong ( -40.4 % ) . Arrivals from Oceania went down by 44.7 % from 20,161 to 11,143 due to diminutions in reachings of 45.0 % from Australia and 40.4 % from the other Oceanian states.
Figure 3.2.2: Tourist Arrivals from Top 0 Markets
Beginning: Available from Ministry of Tourism and Leisure
The figure of tourers from top 10 markets made up for 84.9 % of tourers sing Mauritius during the first nine months of 2010 as opposed to 84.4 % for the same period in 2009. During the first nine months of 2010, tourer reachings from Europe reached 414,787, while reachings from France, the taking market stand foring 31.0 % of entire tourer reachings and 48.3 % of the European market, amounted to 200,151 during this period. Arrivals from Africa, with a portion of 24.5 % of entire tourer reachings, amounted to 158,223. The figure of tourers from Reunion Island, the major market in Africa, was 81,052 and those from Republic of South Africa increased amounted to 56,590. The figure of tourers from India amounted to 36,255.
3.2.3 Employment Creation
The touristry industry continues to be amongst the most dynamic economic sectors and is a dependable tool for sustainable occupation creative activity. Tourism is largely labour intensifier in nature and one of the most of import economic impacts of touristry is that it is an engine for employment creative activity.
Figure 3.2.3: Employment in the Tourist Industry
Beginning: Survey of Employment and Net incomes in big Constitutions ( i.e. using 10 or more individuals )
Harmonizing to the Survey of Employment and Earnings, direct employment in hotels, eating houses and travel and touristry constitutions using 10 individuals or more was 27,161 at the terminal of March 2010 representing a rise of 0.6 % over the figure of 27,002 for March 2009. Of this figure, 20,847 or 76.8 % were engaged in hotels. During the recent old ages, there has been an addition in the figure of people employed in hotels, whereby it increased from 19,536 in 2006 to 20,847 in 2010. This is chiefly due to the fact that there has been an addition in the figure of hotels in Mauritius.
3.2.4 Tourism Contribution towards Gross Domestic Product
The National Accounts Aggregates use statistics for Hotels and Restaurants as a placeholder to place the part of touristry to Gross Domestic Product ( GDP ) . The tabular array below summarises GDP by group as a proportion of entire GDP in the economic system.
Table 3.2.4: Contribution of Tourism to GDP
Entire GDP at basic monetary values ( Rs Million )
Hotels and eating houses ( Rs Million )
% Distribution of GDP at basic monetary value
Contribution of Hotels and eating houses to GDP Growth
Beginning: CSO-National Histories Sums
The part of touristry to GDP at basic monetary values has risen from7.4 % in 2004 to 8.6 % in 2008. However, there was a little autumn in 2009. Nevertheless the touristry industry has emerged as one of the fastest turning productive sectors in Mauritius. This can be contrasted with other sectors like fabric and agribusiness, which have contributed 5.4 % and 4.3 % severally to GDP in 2009. It is forecasted that the part of touristry would increase to 7.4 % in 2010 and as such the touristry sector places itself as one of the chief pillars of the Mauritanian economic system.