There are several facets that constitute societal life. These facets include household. faith. leisure. gender. rational and creativeness. The aforesaid facets are apparent in the ancient literature. However. both the Western and the Eastern had different positions sing these societal facets. The paper discusses Western and Eastern positions of societal life and duties in ancient literature. To contract down the research. matrimony and the household were chosen. Both Western and the Eastern authors had different positions sing assorted issues environing matrimony and the household.
Ancient literature dates back A. D 476. and it underwent a series of transmutations until the sixteenth century. During ancient times. many. philosophers and authors used assorted signifiers of composing to go through their messages. These signifiers included poesy. narrative and even composing on rocks. The recorded antediluvian from Greek. Egypt. Persia. Europe and some parts of Asia shows important similarities and differences. To understand the affair introduced. we can see positions from the Greece and Persia. and compare them with positions from Asia and Egypt. In these states. a batch was written sing societal life and duties. We shall besides see several plants by different writers to back up the statements presented.
Both the Western and Eastern literature talked about matrimony and the household and the functions of the parties involved. A good illustration is Homer’s Novel. Iliad. which have several scenes of love and love affair. One of its subjects is military glorification over household life. Harmonizing to the novel. household is depicted as an of import establishment between two people. Homer invariably forces the characters in his Hagiographas to set the involvements of their loved 1s. From the novel. it is clear that a complete matrimony can merely be possible between a adult male and a adult female. In add-on. the fresh suggests that adult females had a function to take attention of their kids while work forces went out for war. This was the instance in Eastern parts of the universe. Israel authors such as Jim West emphasized on the function of adult females in the household. He suggests that adult females were seen as keepers of their households. The two Hagiographas show similar features sing men’s duties. The Iliad by Homer suggests that work forces had a duty to protect their households from any signifier of onslaughts. A close scrutiny of these ancient plants portrays work forces as muscular individuals who were supposed to protect the involvements of the societies. Furthermore. the ancient literatures by Euripides from Greece suggest that both adult male and a adult female must complement one another. The same is shown by Emily Teeter. an Eastern ancient author. In his novel. Ancient Egyptian and Family Life. Teeter points out that work forces and adult females are equal parties in the matrimony. However. the fresh suggests that ancient adult females from Egypt had a function to go to markets while work forces carried out difficult occupations. which were suited for the endurance of the household ( Minchin 22 ) .
Both Western and Eastern ancient literature values moralss in household affairs. The following are assorted illustrations in support of this claim. Western ancient authors such as Plato and Aristotle came up with several ethical models which were supposed to steer the members of the household. Marriage and the household were extremely valued by these two great authors. Harmonizing to Plato’s Hagiographas. household members were supposed to be guided by moralss of virtuousnesss. The author came up with four virtuousnesss which are prudence. responsibility of attention. love. justness and unity. Furthermore Eastern authors from Egypt and Israel valued moralss. A good illustration is The Pyramid Texts of Egypt. which talks about the journey of the psyche to the infinity. The Pyramid is considered as literature because it has some moral lessons. They taught twosomes to pattern moralss whenever they deal with each other. The literature suggests that a matrimony is a journey that ought to hold follow moralss ( Pearson 234 ) .
There are several differences between the Eastern and Western positions of the matrimony and the household as depicted in the ancient literature. The first 1 is the construction of the household. Eastern literature suggests that households in the East by fourteenth century were dominated by the hubby. Womans are depicted as topics to work forces. Harmonizing to a journal article. Ancient Israelite Marriage Customs by Jim West. work forces in antediluvian Israel were given more powers. which were dictated by the society. This is rather different Western position of the same issue. Harmonizing to Homer’s novel. The Oddesy. adult females in the Western universe during the ancient times were about equal to work forces. Homer uses a figure of adult females to demo their functions in the society. A good illustration is where he uses illustrations of Circe and Calypso who ne’er entertained development from their male opposite numbers. However. Homer presents a manner in which women’s position was lowered. In the novel. there are illustrations of adult females who merely existed to fulfill men’s sexual desires. Harmonizing to this ancient work. this ruined the establishment of matrimony. From this we get a really important difference between the Western and Eastern position of the household. While Homer suggests that harlotry could go on freely in the Western universe. this was extremely discouraged in Eastern Literature. In fact. any adult female who was found guilty of the offense was stoned to decease. Most of the ancient Eastern Hagiographas make a batch of mentions to the Bible. A good illustration is presented in the diary article mentioned above. Harmonizing to Eastern civilization. it was incorrect for a adult female to do love with another adult male. apart from her hubby. Surprisingly. work forces were allowed to make so. This shows that adult females presented in Eastern literature had small control of their life. Everything they did was already stipulated by the society ( McDemont 67 ) .
Another cardinal difference in the two positions is the attitudes towards abortion. This was a critical issue in matrimony and the household. The Eastern position suggests that twosomes married to reproduce and make full the Earth. As already mentioned an above. this was another mention of the Holy Bible. Hebrewss were among the communities that valued life and kids. Ancient Greeks and Romans recognized abortion. They were non much concerned to protect unborn kids. Early philosophers argued that it took 40 -80 yearss for a foetus to be formed. Harmonizing to Aristotle. an Ancient philosopher. twosomes could pattern abortion before sense of life had begun. He nevertheless believed that female embryos developed easy than male 1s. With respects to the topic of abortion. things were stickier in Eastern parts. Eastern civilization did non let abortion to take class in the society. The Eastern position sing abortion was that anyone who caused abortion. he or she had to pay a all right to the hubby of the adult female. The literature suggests that foetus was a belongings and it needed to be safeguarded by all agencies. This suggests that everyone in the Eastern society had a duty to back up human life ( Pepe 45 ) .
From the above analysis. it can be noted that both the Eastern and Western positions on household had similarities and differences. Ancient Eastern authors seem to hold been influenced greatly by the Bible in their authorship. On the other manus. Western authors were critical on a given capable affair. and they frequently differed in sentiments.
McDermott. M. H. Novel and Romance: The Odyssey to Tom Jones. Diss. The New University of Ulster. 1975.
Minchin. Elizabeth. “Homer and the resources of memory: some applications of cognitive theory to the Iliad and the Odyssey. ” ( 2001 ) .
Pepe. L. “Abortion in ancient Greece. ” Nineteen Symposion of Greek and Hellenistic Law. 2013.
Pearson. Lionel. Popular moralss in ancient Greece. Stanford University Press. 1962.