New Right
Outspoken conservative movement of the 1980s that emphaszed such “social issues” as opposition to abortion, the Equal Rights Amendment, pornography, homosexuality, and affirmative action
Moral Majority
Evangelical Christian organization that aroused its members to fervent support of Reagan and the Republican party in the 1980s
Supply-Side Economics
The economic theory of “Reaganomics” that emphasized cutting taxes and government spending in order to stimulate investment, productivity, and economic growth by private enterprise
Sagebrush Rebellion
The protest movement, supported by Reagan Interior Secretary Watt, that attempted to reduce federal environmental controls on industrial activities in the West
Boll Weevils
Conservative southern Democrats who supported Reagan’s economic policies in Congress
Polish labor union crushed by the communist-imposed martial-law regime in 1983
The leftist revolutionary rulers of Nicaragua, strongly opposed by the Regan administration
Star Wars
Popular name for Reagan’s proposed space-based nuclear defense system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative
Berlin Wall
Physical symbol of the Cold War and divided Europe that came down in 1989
Nation whose invasion by Iraq in 1990 led to the Persian Gulf War
Contract with America
Conservative campaign platform that led to a sweeping Republican victory int he 1994 mid-term elections
WTO (World Trade Organization)
International trade organization that prompted strong protests from anti-global trade forces in Seattle, Washington in 1999
Whitewater Land Corporation
Clinton Arkansas investment deal that spurred a federal special prosecutor and led to widespread investigations of his administration
Columbine H.S.
Colorado high school where a deadly shooting in 1999 stirred a national movement against guns and gun violence
Green Party
Third party led by environmentalist Ralph Nader that took votes from Democratic presidential nominee Albert Gore in 2000 election.
Jimmy Carter
Well-meaning but luckless president whose reelection attempt was swamped by the 19809 Reagan landslide
Edward Kennedy
Liberal Democratic senator w hose opposition to Carter helped divide the Democrats in 1980
Ronald Reagan
Political darling of Republican conservatives who won landslide election victories in 19890 and 1984
Oliver North
Marine colonel involved in the Iran-contra affair
Sandra Day O’Connor
Brilliant legal scholar appointed by Reagan as the first woman justice on the Supreme Court
Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet leader whose summit meetings with Reagan achieved an arm-control breakthrough in 1987
George Bush, Sr.
Long-time Republican political figure who defeated Dukakis for the presidency in 1988
Albert Gore
Clinton’s vice president who won popular vote but lost electoral vote in 2000 presidential election
Saddam Hussein
Iraqi dictator defeated by the U.S. and its allies in the Persian Gulf War
George Walker Bush
Son of a former president who narrowly defeated Albert Gore in the disputed 2000 presidential election
Clarence Thomas
Supreme Court Justice who was narrowly confirmed despite charges of sexual harassment
William Clinton
First baby boomer president and the second U.S. president to be impeached and acquitted
H. Ross Perot
Texas billionaire who won many votes as independent candidate in 1992 and 1996
Hillary Rodham Clinton
Prominent child care advocate and health care reformer in Clinton administration; won U.S. senate seat in 2000
Newt Gingrich
Promoter of the “Contract with America” and the first Republican speaker in 40 years.

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