A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities
Shortly after the end of World War I and the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, the Red Scare took hold in the United States. A nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents suddenly grabbed the American psyche in 1919 following a series of anarchist bombings. The nation was gripped in fear. Innocent people were jailed for expressing their views, civil liberties were ignored, and many Americans feared that a Bolshevik-style revolution was at hand. Then, in the early 1920s, the fear seemed to dissipate just as quickly as it had begun, and the Red Scare was over.
Sacco & Vanzetti Trial
Murder trial in Massachusetts (1920-1927); two anarchist Italian immigrants are put on trial for the robbery and murder of a paymaster and a guard at a shoe factory, found guilty, and sentenced to death after attempts at retrial failed.
2nd Ku Klux Klan
The second Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1915 by William J. Simmons. A hate group that was against, communism, immigrants, blacks; and they advocated white supremacy, white nationalism, and nativism. Their mission was to keep America American. They used terrorism upon minority groups, or groups they disagreed with to subdue them.
Immigration Quota Act of 1924
The quota for immigrants entering the U.S. was set at two percent of the total of any given nation’s residents in the U.S. as reported in the 1890 census. A provision in the 1924 law barred entry to those ineligible for citizenship, effectively ending the immigration of all Asians into the United States and undermining the earlier “Gentlemen’s Agreement” with Japan.
Bill passed by Congress to enforce the language of the 18th Amendment. This bill made the manufacture and distribution of alcohol illegal within the borders of the United States., The Act specified that “no person shall manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish or possess any intoxicating liquor except as authorized by this act.” It did not specifically prohibit the purchase or use of intoxicating liquors.
Scopes Monkey Trial
A highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in a high school.The high school biology teacher, Scopes, was accused of teaching Darwinism in class instead of the biblical account of creation; the trial that pitted the teaching of Darwin’s theory of evolution against teaching of the Bible’s creationism.
Henry Ford ; the Model T Ford
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents. 1909, standardized production to very complex machine, durable and reliable car with no room for diversity/individuality, created moving assembly line.
A flowering of African American culture in the 1920s; instilled interest in African American culture and pride in being an African American.
Buying on Margin
An option that allowed investors to purchase a stock for only a fraction of its price and borrow the rest. Buying stocks and borrowing money from a bank or broker; if the money way not paid back, the bank would foreclose on posessions; everyday people could buy stock; led to stock market crash because of overextention.