Army Of God Terrorist Group Essay, Research Paper
Is it possible for one to believe in Christianity so much that he/she feels it is morally acceptable to perpetrate wickedness to penalize those who are the existent evildoers? The members of the North American terrorist organisation named & # 8220 ; The Army of God & # 8221 ; evidently believes it is so. Having declared war on the United States of America the ground forces of God has bombed abortion clinics and homosexual cabarets in the name of God him/herself. This group is definatly no gag, it has produced three editions of its ain terrorist manual and has many web sites devoted to its cause. Additionally, the ground forces of God has been linked to legion terrorist activities, including but non limited to, the Olympic edifice bombardment in Atlanta, Georgia and the bombardment of adult females & # 8217 ; s abortion clinic in Birmingham, Alabama. But, inquire yourself, how can a group that is pro-life be pro-life if they are taking the lives of the guiltless victims in each bombardment they commit? In this sense the ground forces of God is a terrorist group whose actions contradict its cause. Consequentially, this makes the group a really uneffective terrorist organisation. Therefore, the ground forces of God is an unsuccessful terrorist group, which is against abortion, which has bombed and kidnapped seeking to acquire its message out to no help since the 1980 & # 8217 ; s.
In 1973 the Supreme Court passed a controversial determination which efficaciously nullified all U.S. Torahs which declared abortion to be illegal, and most provinces had them. This was a landmark instance, which gave a adult female the right to take on her ain whether or non she wanted to hold an abortion within the first trimester of her gestation. This was in 1973 and still today abortion remains a really huffy topic. If you were to travel up to anyone on the street whether the individual is a rotter or whether he/she is a banker that individual is traveling to hold an sentiment on abortion. Thus the U.S. authorities which was a mark of force and unfavorable judgment before this critical determination has fallen quarries to many militant and spiritual group & # 8217 ; s indignations. The upstart of many adult females & # 8217 ; s clinics has besides fueled this unfavorable judgment. Fore, it seems like presents that every twosome stat mis or so you can happen a adult females & # 8217 ; s clinic and because of this there has been a turning concern that abortion is merely going a cardinal portion of a adult females & # 8216 ; s life. Thus, a larger more violent, more powerful, more determined group was bound to be established. This group is the Army of God.
The Army of God is merely a North American terrorist group which has a strong spiritual background and besides strongly disagrees with the impression that abortions are a adult female & # 8217 ; s right to take.
History on the group is really scattered and besides documented really small. At best this is what one can delve up the name the ground forces of God has been used for the last 20 old ages. & # 8220 ; In the early 1980s, a adult females & # 8217 ; s clinic at Granite City, Ill. , was mobbed repeatedly by fundamentalist dissenters. Then the clinic operator, Dr. Hector Zevallos, and his married woman Rosalee were kidnapped by a pack of work forces naming themselves the Army of God. The twosome was held eight yearss in an derelict ammo sand trap. The capturers said they & # 8217 ; vitamin D kill both unless Dr. Zevallos pledged to halt acting abortions. He did, and they were released.
Three work forces later were convicted of the snatch. The leader, Don Benny Anderson, said God had told him to pay war against abortion. Anderson got a 30-year prison term. He besides was convicted of torching two Florida abortion clinics, and drew a 2nd 30-year term.
In 1984, when a Norfolk adult females & # 8217 ; s clinic was firebombed, the initials & # 8220 ; AOG & # 8221 ; were scrawled on a wall. Soon subsequently, a clinic outside Washington was firebombed, and a adult male claiming to stand for the Army of God called intelligence media to take recognition.
In 1993 an Oregon fundamentalist named Rachelle Shannon shot a clinic physician at Wichita, Kan. She boasted that she was implementing & # 8220 ; God & # 8217 ; s will. & # 8221 ; She had written praiseful letters to an imprisoned & # 8220 ; pro-life & # 8221 ; slayer, Michael Griffin, who had murdered a Pensacola doctor. & # 8221 ; ( Haught, 1997 )
In 1997 & # 8220 ; two more nail-studded bombs struck Atlanta & # 8212 ; on Jan. 16 at a adult females & # 8217 ; s clinic, and on Feb. 21 at a homosexual cabaret. After the 2nd blast, a petroleum, unsigned, semi-literate missive was sent to the Reuters intelligence bureau, which turned it over to the FBI.
The missive said both bombs were placed by & # 8220 ; units of the Army of God. & # 8221 ; It said anyone involved with abortion & # 8220 ; may go victims of retribution. & # 8221 ; As for the homosexual nine, it said, ungrammatically: & # 8220 ; We will aim sodomists, there organisations, and all those who push at that place agenda. & # 8221 ;
In militia-like tones, the missive threatened both the United Nations and the U.S. authorities. With misspellings, it said:
& # 8220 ; We declare and will pay entire war on the iniquitous communist government in New York and your legaslative-bureaucratic flunky & # 8217 ; s in Washington. It is you who are responsible and preside over the slaying of kids and publish the policy of iniquitous preversion thats destructing our people & # 8230 ; . Death to the New World Order. & # 8221 ; & # 8220 ; ( Haught, 1997 )
The Federal Bureau of Investigation sent out transcripts of this missive ( see pictures 1 ) in hopes that person would acknowledge the authorship or the manner and would turn in whoever wrote them. Finally, Eric Robert Rudolph was convicted of the Atlanta bombardments every bit good with the bombardment in the Centennial Olympic Park in 1997. Rudolph has been put on the FBI & # 8217 ; s ten most wanted list in hopes that person will turn him in. ( see pictures 2 )
& # 8220 ; The constabulary are get downing to recognize there may be a web of support for force against physicians and non merely a individual sniper. That & # 8217 ; s why constabularies are looking for James Kopp, a hero of the extremist pro-life periphery. He was portion of many presentations before he disappeared. He was no alien to conflict, like all of those who take portion in these protests.
Police don & # 8217 ; t know whether James Kopp killed the Buffalo physician ( an abortion physician ) , but they think he has information. All they have found so far is his auto. Kopp joined the pro-life motion after a girlfriend had an abortion. Friends say he was devastated. His last known reference was a Vermont farmhouse. Polices say he & # 8217 ; s crossed the boundary line into Canada many times, notably merely earlier two sniper onslaughts on Canadian physicians.
Like all abortion suppliers, Maria Corsillo knows all about James Kopp and this evident web of support for those who commit force.
& # 8220 ; You can & # 8217 ; t merely can & # 8217 ; t someway drop out of sight wholly without aid from person, & # 8221 ; Corsillo says. & # 8220 ; Someone has got to be concealing him, assisting him. So I have no manner of knowing, you know, how these people are able to make all of these things without, you know, of all time acquiring caught. I mean they seem to be happening his autos, his this, his that, merely non him. & # 8221 ;
The FBI knows of one group who might be assisting James Kopp, something called the Army of God ; a loose association of extremist militants who exchange information on how to bomb and fire clinics and how to kill and maim physicians. In their manual, James Kopp is acknowledged under his codification name & # 8220 ; Atomic Dog. & # 8221 ;
Michael Bray is reported to hold written portion of the manual, though he is demure about the Army of God.
& # 8220 ; The Army of God is, I suppose & # 8212 ; well that & # 8217 ; s a enigma & # 8212 ; what is the Army of God? , & # 8221 ; Bray says. & # 8220 ; It could be, it could be a group of people plotting and intriguing and orchestrating all anti-abortion activity throughout the universe, or throughout at least the United States. And who knows? I am non all-knowing. I don & # 8217 ; T know. The Army of God could be a group of any two or three people who come together with the purpose to halt abortion. Whether the name is merely picked up and used, or whether it is a name of an organisation to which people are members, remains for Janet Reno to happen out. & # 8221 ; & # 8220 ; ( www.tv.cbc.ca )
But this does non count because since James Kopp is besides on the FBI & # 8217 ; s most wanted he will hold a batch of explicating to make when caught. ( Pictures 3 )
The tactics that the Army of God uses is largely explosive devices but they besides have other ways to assail specified marks. In the terrorist manual the Army of God put out the group goes through many terrorist tactics, here is a brief sum-up of what the manual says,
& # 8220 ; After giving instructions on pasting locks, thronging phone systems, auto encirclements, barricading sewer systems, and butyric acid onslaughts, the manual returns to more & # 8220 ; advanced & # 8221 ; techniques such as presenting car accidents to detain a physician on the manner to work. However, the Mad Gluer cautions these tactics should merely be attempted by the immature and strong who are spiritually old and wise because they can ensue in bigger effects. He advises,
& # 8220 ; Remember, the ground that things like bombs and incendiarism techniques are relegated to the Appendix of this manual ( for & # 8216 ; Eyes Only & # 8217 ; ) is non because they are incorrect or uneffective. On the contrary, those methods are powerful, appropriate and discriminate. The trouble is cost i.e. , charges, gaol clip, etc. & # 8221 ;
Some soldiers, such as Ms. Shannon, have been willing to pay those costs. Others, convicted on lesser charges, are out of prison in 5 or 10 old ages, clip adequate to transport out the Mad Gluer & # 8217 ; s suggestion of a Furlough for Life. This tactic is intended to maintain jurisprudence enforcement distracted by a released criminal and some friends while they travel around the state & # 8220 ; sing & # 8221 ; clinics. The manual says constabulary will be so busy concentrating on the going comrades they will non hold clip to supervise another militant who will really present an onslaught on clinics.
In a prescient paragraph, the Mad Gluer says the twenty-four hours may come when & # 8220 ; saviors & # 8221 ; may be hit with felony strong beliefs for making nil worse than & # 8220 ; barricading public access. & # 8221 ; ( Now that the Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances Act is jurisprudence, those who blockade clinics or harass staff and patients can be charged with a federal offense punishable by gaol and stiff mulcts. ) The Mad Gluer warns,
& # 8220 ; If the system is traveling to manus out felony strong beliefs for deliverance, the powers that be have guaranteed that the bombs and fires are non traveling to be merely here and at that place every now and once more, but here, there, and everyplace, now and once more and once more and once more. This War is traveling to stop & # 8211 ; one manner or another. & # 8221 ;
The Mad Gluer ends his portion of the manual with a concluding note warning readers that stuff contained in the Appendix is merely for the & # 8220 ; serious and committed covert activist. & # 8221 ; If anyone decides to utilize the information, they are on their ain,
& # 8220 ; but what we do we make for the babes, and God knows, and God helps. God bless! & # 8221 ;
The first tactic mentioned is one Shelley Shannon wrote about in her diary & # 8211 ; teaching your fellow prison inmates that clinics ( Blood Banks ) are great marks for robbery because they have big su
MS of hard currency that must be deposited each twenty-four hours. ( Apparently there are bounds to what an anti-abortion Zealot should be willing to make for the cause. Armed robbery is no fit business for anti-abortion Zealots, and should be left for “hardened criminals.” )
Besides advancing armed robbery, the 2nd edition suggests disenabling autos with high-octane rifles and armour piercing slugs, winging ultralights to & # 8220 ; brick bomb & # 8221 ; clinics and utilizing chemical warfare, this clip with an highly explosive and unsafe chemical designed to, non merely damage belongings, but injure staff. It was in this portion of the manual that Ms. Shannon found instructions on how to destruct a edifice that uses natural gas for warming.
The writer even suggests that if a member of the AOG is diagnosed with a terminal unwellness, before they die, they should be after clinic onslaughts across the state.
& # 8220 ; The chief fright of executing certain activities has been miraculously removed. Why belly-up yourself ( or your household ) over a few more yearss or months of life? Whatever activities are undertaken ( torching, bombardment, thumb remotion, other ) carry on with extravagant, foolhardy, abandon. & # 8221 ;
Appendixs from Hell
Concluding chapters of the AOG are appendixes loaded with instructions on many how-to-do it undertakings. There is a treatment of a non-explosive destruction agent which can be assorted with H2O and injected into a edifice doing foundations to check. The reference and phone figure of the company that manufactures the chemical is given with the encouraging note that the company will lief direct information to you and supply the merchandise because & # 8220 ; they truly don & # 8217 ; t care or desire to cognize why you want it. & # 8221 ; ( When contacted in 1994, the company acknowledged they did so industry this chemical, but were aghast that their merchandise had been promoted for such a usage and in such a papers. )
For those unable to happen clip or tools to check edifice foundations, the AOG offers detailed instructions, including images, on the industry of C4 or plastic explosive, a powerful military explosive. In typical anti-federal authorities linguistic communication, the AOG says,
& # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; the federal authorities monopolizes C-4, doing it following to impossible to buy. We can & # 8217 ; t count on purchasing and hoarding military explosives for usage against the killers. & # 8221 ;
There follows a knowing treatment of the ingredients used in C-4 and how to obtain them. While admonishing this is a unsafe undertaking, images, evidently taken in person & # 8217 ; s place, show measure by measure what to make.
Instruction manuals are included for doing jury-rigged detonating devices plus a list of chemical companies where stuffs can be purchased. Like any good text edition, the AOG contains a Recommended Reading list such as Soldier of Fortune magazine, which & # 8220 ; the enterprising white ant can readily set to utilize to supplement the information in this manual. & # 8221 ;
Alpha Boycott Hell
The best manner to long term covert success is found by adding new militant blood. Your kids are your greatest resource & # 8211 ; particularly if you keep them out of public school or, & # 8220 ; snake pit & # 8221 ; .
& # 8220 ; The public school system ( read: authorities school system ) is a jungle. The jungle is merely down the street from you. And so are the thrusters: drug thrusters, values elucidation thrusters, contraceptive method and abortion without parental presentment thrusters, adult male is a merchandise of development opportunity thrusters, anti-religion, anti-parent, anti-American pushers. & # 8221 ;
The writer asserts that about all of the committed covert adolescent militants have been place schooled. Individual parents are cautioned against covert activity because it will take them off from their kids. The suggestion is made that the most dedicated militant should see celibacy because,
& # 8220 ; & # 8230 ; practically speech production, a covert militant with no ties could salvage 1000s of kids and their female parents in a lifetime. & # 8221 ;
The Mad Gluer & # 8220 ; Talks to God & # 8221 ;
The concluding pages of this manual contain a fictional interview conducted by the Mad Gluer with The Army of God in which the AOG says he/she will & # 8220 ; drive the abortion industry underground & # 8221 ; by the usage of explosives. In response to the inquiry, what about non-violence, the AOG makes the usual claim that destructing a edifice or taking a physician & # 8217 ; s pollexs is non violent because it stops the force of abortion. ( After Paul Hill assassinated Dr. Britton one militant said the physician & # 8217 ; s household should thank Mr. Hill for what he did. ) As to claims that violent activity harms the Pro-life Movement, the AOG says, when more citizens take affairs into their ain custodies, the media will portray their actions in a more favourable visible radiation and force will so be rewarded.
In response to the inquiry, & # 8220 ; What should refer citizens make? & # 8221 ; the AOG says,
& # 8220 ; Every Pro-Life individual should perpetrate to destructing at least one decease cantonment, or demilitarizing at least one baby-killer. The former is a comparatively easy undertaking & # 8211 ; the latter could be rather hard to accomplish. & # 8221 ;
After acknowledging that most violent anti-abortion militants incarcerated at the clip of this fabricated interview were non AOG members ( or they might still be free ) , the AOG closes the interview stating one becomes an AOG member with great trouble but issues a call for & # 8220 ; individual lone-rangers & # 8221 ; who will destruct at least one clinic before they die.
Epilogue of Death
As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, the Army of God manual has gone through three editions. Get downing with condemnable mischievousness, so come oning to felony offenses, the Epilogue of the 3rd edition merely calls for slaying.
A little note at the beginning of the Epilogue claims it was written in November 1992 after Dr. Karpen of Houston and two clinic workers in Springfield, Missouri had been shot and wounded. However, this foreword to the Epilogue was clearly written after November 1992 because it says that Dr. David Gunn, killed March 1993, was the first & # 8220 ; direct action & # 8221 ; attributed to the AOG.
In merely five paragraphs, the Epilogue efficaciously renders the predating manual obsolete by claiming all tactics to day of the month hold non stopped abortion. Rescuing has non worked. Neither has firing down or blowing up clinics. Consequently, the lone class left is articulated by their concluding Declaration & # 8212 ; a call to weaponries heeded by Shelley Shannon and Paul Hill. & # 8221 ; & # 8217 ; ( Bower, January 1996 )
This manual is non to be taken lightly as can be seen and if it got into the incorrect custodies it could decidedly go problem for the authorities and for its citizens.
The U.S. authorities has non done a whole batch to queer the actions of the Army of God, but this is non truly the authoritiess mistake because the group seems to be really inactive and their organisation is non organized sufficiency to be called a terrorist group.
Personally I do non believe that this group is a really successful terrorist organisation at all. I think that the group is merely people utilizing the name Army of God and since it has been used on legion occasions some people like to believe that there is another spiritual panic in the U.S. running about killing people. The group is non really good known at all and the lone thing they have done that cipher else has is killing a constabulary officer in a bomb blast. I think one thing that makes a terrorist group what they are is finishing their aims while relaying o the populace that the group is non unlawful in its actions. The Army of God has non done this at all. Because they have bombed adult females & # 8217 ; s clinics I think they have lost some support of whatever support they could hold had. By bombing these clinics the group is killing and wounding people ; this is something that a group can non make if they claim themselves to be so pro-life. It merely makes the group seem as if they are hypocritical in the public oculus. I think that the manual the group made was likely merely some friends that all got together and made so book or made this book in adolescence much like the writer of & # 8220 ; The Anarchist Cookbook & # 8221 ; did in the 1970 & # 8217 ; s. It is more effectual to make inactive protesting when it comes to such controversial subjects as abortion. This is because every clip that a group does something like spell and blow up an abortion clinic they loose support because it shows that the pro-choice group has forbearance and does non hold to fall back to violence like pro-lifers do. The actions of groups like the Army of God merely bring forth bad stereotypes for pro-lifers. Therefore, it is my sentiment that the Army of God is non truly a terrorist organisation but instead merely a name that people use to distribute their message of pro-life.
Haught, James A. , The Army of God: More Religious Killers? ( Secular Humanist Bulletin, Fall 1997 ) www.wvinter.net/~haught/army.html
Bower, Anne, Army of God: Still Marching ( The Body Politic, Vol. 5, No. 11- December 1995- Page 8 ) www.bodypolitic.org/mag/back/art/0511pg08.html
Bower, Anne, Army of God: Still Marching Part 2 ( The Body Politic, Vol. 06, No. 11 & # 8211 ; January 1996, Page 11 ) www.bodypolitic.org/mag/back/art/0601pg11.htm
Unknown Author, www.tv.cbc.ca/national/pgminfo/abortion/
Army of God Claims Credit for Birmingham Bombing, February 2, 1998, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.feminist.org/news/pr/pr020298.html
& # 8216 ; Army of God & # 8217 ; letters claim duty for clinic bombardment, February 2, 1998
Web posted at: 6:19 p.m. EST, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cnn.com/US/9802/02/clinic.bombing.530pm/
Army of God Linked to Latest Clinic Bombing hypertext transfer protocol: //www.datalounge.com/datalounge/news/record.html? record=2719
Nifong, Christina, Anti-Abortion Violence Defines & # 8216 ; Army of God & # 8217 ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.csmonitor.com/durable/1998/02/04/us/us.9.html
Federals seek public input on & # 8216 ; Army of God & # 8217 ; letters: Could keep hints to Atlanta bombardments
June 9, 1997, Web posted at: 1:04 p.m. EDT hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cnn.com/US/9706/09/atlanta.bombing/
FBI Places Eric Robert Rudolph on & # 8220 ; 10 Most Wanted & # 8221 ; List: $ 1 Million Reward Offered
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cais.com/agm/main/news/rudolph.pdf
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.fbi.gov/mostwant/topten/fugitives/rudolph.pdf
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.fbi.gov/mostwant/topten/fugitives/jkopp.htm
Daulton, Jack A. and Enderson, Woody R. , FBI National Press Release, November 18, 1997, hypertext transfer protocol: //www.fbi.gov/majcases/rudolph/presrel1.htm
Army of God Not Pro-Life: Not Now, Not Ever hypertext transfer protocol: //www.reagan.com/HotTopics.main/HotMike/document-2.4.1998.3.html
Freedom Fox, A.O.G. , The Army of God, & # 8220 ; Annihilating abortuaries is our purest signifier of worship. & # 8221 ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.re-focus.com/RATexArm.html
& # 8216 ; Army of God & # 8217 ; Claims Responsibility for Abortion Clinic Bombing
A 16-Year Reign of Terror
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/abortion0203.html