Which of the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”?
a. motion
b. time
c. mass
d. line
e. light
d. light
During the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art?
a. motion
b. texture
c. color
d. line
e. shape
a. motion
Lines are used in art to indicate
a. boundaries between forms.
b. direction and motion.
c. shadows and highlights.
d. spatial depth on flat surfaces.
e. All these answers are correct.
e. All these answers are correct
In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ________ shapes.
a. organic
b. real
c. geometric
d. environmental
e. three-dimensional
a. organic
Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a
a. trapezoid.
b. square.
c. pyramid.
d. triangle.
e. circle.
d. triangle
The 18th-century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
a. chiaroscuro and hatching.
b. atmospheric perspective and foreshortening.
c. implied line and a vanishing point.
d. position and overlap.
e. None of these answers is correct.
d. position and overlap
A black-and-white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors, but captures the ________ of the colors.
a. pigments
b. chromas
c. harmonies
d. values
e. All these answers are correct.
d. values
In drawing, the outer boundaries of two-dimensional forms are defined by ________, while the outer boundaries perceived among three-dimensional forms are defined by ________.
a. graphite; ink
b. visual elements; principles of design
c. outlines; contour lines
d. thick lines; thin lines
e. actual lines; implied lines
c. outlines; contour lines
In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.
a. refraction
b. spatial organization
c. isometric perspective
d. simultaneous contrast
e. chiaroscuro
e. chiarscuro
Charles White’s Untitled illustrates the technique of
a. hatching.
b. atmospheric perspective.
c. impasto.
d. saturation.
e. foreshortening.
a. hatching
Which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world?
a. Flor Garduno
b. Joseph Wright
c. Joseph Albers
d. James Turrell
e. Claude Monet
d. James Turrell
In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.
a. yellow
b. black
c. white
d. grayish brown
e. green
c. white
Mixing two primary colors produces a ________ color.
a. secondary
b. passive
c. complementary
d. triad
e. monochromatic
a. secondary
“Passive pink” refers to the color that
a. recedes in a monochromatic color scheme where pure red dominates.
b. results from combining a warm red with a cooler hue.
c. seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body.
d. is the normal value of red.
e. None of these answers is correct.
c. seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body
A necessary feature of pattern is
a. texture.
b. color.
c. modeling.
d. vanishing points.
e. repetition.
e. repetition
The German painter Franz Marc associated the color blue with
a. melancholy.
b. destruction.
c. male spirituality.
d. peace and tranquility.
e. water.
c. peace and tranquility
The vanishing point in Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper is
a. at the exact center of the picture.
b. just behind the head of the figure of Jesus.
c. on the horizon line.
d. all of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line.
e. None of these answers is correct.
d. all of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesu, and on the horizon line.
One common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is
a. the effect of light.
b. the work of earlier restorers.
c. changing levels of heat and humidity.
d. pollution.
e. All these answers are correct.
e. All these answers are correct
In Albrecht Durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him achieve the effect of
a. foreshortening.
b. chiaroscuro.
c. a restricted palette.
d. the illusion of motion.
e. simultaneous contrast.
a. foreshortening
The use of Atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
a. Les betes de la mer by Henri Matisse
b. The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak by Albert Bierstadt
c. Untitled by Keith Haring
d. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat
e. The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
b. The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak by Albert Bierstadt
In a two-dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by
a. following a canon.
b. the use of ideal proportions.
c. distributing visual weight accordingly.
d. all of these: following a canon; the use of ideal proportions; and distributing visual weight accordingly.
e. None of these answers are correct.
c. distributing visual weight accordingly.
Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create ________ unity by unifying the ideas in a work of art.
a. idealized
b. invisible
c. conceptual
d. ideological
e. symmetrical
c. conceptual
In a two-dimensional work of art that is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is
a. along the vertical axis down the center of the composition.
b. eliminated altogether.
c. along the horizon line.
d. at the focal point.
e. the midpoint of the golden rectangle.
a. along the vertical axis down the center of the composition.
The Thirteen-Diety Jnanadakini Mandala uses ________ to suggest that there is a hidden order to the universe.
a. perspective
b. asymmetry
c. proportion
d. symmetry
e. the golden section
d. symmetry
Annette Messager’s Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell’s The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of
a. conceptual unity.
b. radial balance.
c. grand scale.
d. the golden section.
e. All these answers are correct.
a. conceptual unity.
The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create images of the “correct” or “perfect” human, as have many cultures both ancient and modern. This set of proportions was created using
a. rhythm.
b. form.
c. the golden mean.
d. the golden section.
e. a squared grid.
e. a squared grid.
Georgia O’Keeffe’s painting Deer’s Skull with Pedernal is a prime example of
a. symmetrical balance.
b. hierarchical scale.
c. informal balance.
d. linear perspective.
e. horizontal symmetry.
a. symmetrical balance.
Pablo Picasso’s Girl Before a Mirror is based in symmetrical balance, but the two sides are not identical mirror images. This composition allows him to explore the traditional theme of
a. still life.
b. portraiture.
c. hierarchical scale.
d. vanitas.
e. the golden section
d. vanitas.
Because she painted it repeatedly and because she lived out her life there, Georgia O’Keeffe is most closely associated with
a. Montana.
b. New Mexico.
c. New Jersey.
d. Texas.
e. Ohio.
b. New Mexico.
Another term for asymmetrical balance is
a. radial balance.
b. visual weight.
c. scale.
d. informal balance.
e. None of these answers is correct.
d. informal balance.
In art, the design principle of balance functions to
a. encourage our active participation in a work.
b. help communicate a work’s moods.
c. lead our eyes around a work.
d. help communicate a work’s meanings.
e. All these answers are correct.
e. All these answers are correct.
Henry Ossawa Tanner’s The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
a. size and placement of the figures.
b. directional lines of sight leading to a focal point.
c. contrasting values of dark skin against a pale background.
d. elimination of detail and bright colors in the background.
e. All these answers are correct.
e. All these answers are correct.
________ collaborated with Claes Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir.
a. Maya Lin
b. Frida Kahlo
c. Coosje van Bruggen
d. Annette Messager
e. Georgia O’Keeffe
c. Coosje van Bruggen
Which work of art uses hierarchical scale?
a. a royal altar to the hand
b. Deer’s Skull with Pedernal
c. facade of Sant’Andrea, Mantua
d. The Large Bathers
e. Study of Human Proportions According to Vitruvius
a. a royal altar to the hand
The ancient Roman architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect geometry of
a. the square and rectangle.
b. the circle and square.
c. the triangle and circle.
d. the rectangle and triangle.
e. None of these answers is correct.
b. the circle and square.
The use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as ________ scale.
a. proportional
b. hierarchical
c. golden
d. rhythmic
e. symmetrical
b. hierarchical
The architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor, a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based upon
a. pictorial space.
b. hierarchical scale.
c. the golden section.
d. visual weight.
e. informal balance.
c. the golden section.
Paul Klee’s Landscape with Yellow Birds and Kaiho Yusho’s Fish Nets Drying in the Sun share a strong use of
a. radial balance.
b. a canon.
c. a dominant focal point.
d. rhythm.
e. a directional line of sight.
d. rhythm.
Artists will often add ________ to provide interest and enliven the unity of a work of art.
a. vanishing points
b. variety
c. vanitas
d. golden rectangles
e. primary colors
b. variety
Edouard Manet’s A Bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in its subject and composition. Interpretations of this painting include ________ approaches.
a. formalist
b. Marxist
c. feminist
d. psychoanalytic
e. All these answers are correct.
e. All these answers are correct.
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