As we increasingly conduct our lives online – shopping, socializing and sharing information our digital rights, particularly the rights to privacy and freedom of expression, are becoming more important. Digital rights are basically human rights in the internet era, the rights to online privacy and freedom of expression to use all types of digital technology while using the technology in an acceptable and appropriate manner. Digital rights can be related to digital citizenship and digital access.Digital citizenship can be defined as the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use. Digital Access: full electronic participation in society. Technology users need to be aware that not everyone has the same opportunities when it comes to technology.With everything there are rules; so there is also need to instill the values of responsibility, respect, and integrity, mostly in  students when acquiring material or communicating in the digital sense. Students should be required to follow the Acceptable Use Policy in their school district that details how to be digitally respectful in and out of the classroom setting.There have been so many cases in the media of cyber bullying through texting, sexting, facebook, and other social media, and it needs to stop. Unfortunately there have been terrible outcomes and consequences due to this type of harrassing communication. In some cases the bullying was so bad, that students have taken their lives just to put an end to the harassment. Students should not only understand that they not acting responsibile and respectful, but unlawful. They need to be aware that this type of behavior is unacceptable and they will be reprimanded and prosecuted if caught. Although the use of cell phones have increased in our society, so have the issues that accompany them. Texting to cheat on tests or assignments is an uprising issue in schools. Students expectations and consequences should be made absolutely clear in the school or classroom AUP (Acceptable Use Policy) concerning cell phone use. It is equally important to teach students how cite the works of others appropriately. They need to understand that although it is acceptable to use someone’s work as a resource, they also need to realize that giving proper credit to that person is acting as a responsible citizen. Plagiarism has been an ongoing issue in schools and colleges. This type of behavior is inappropriate and infringe on the rights of others. It’s necessary to make clear to the students the expectations of using someone else’s work. The illegally downloading of music and videos has also been an ongoing problem in our society. Students need to understand that this is not only disrespectful to the artists and producing companies, but it is against the law. We should respect the works of others, such as using youtube * Below there is a list of digital rights and responsibilities in the digital sense:Digital Rights:• Right to freedom of expression• Right to privacy• Right to credit for personal works• Right to digital access• Right to our identity Digital Responsibilities:• Responsibility to report bullying, harassing, sexting, or identity theft• Responsibility to cite works used for resources and researching• Responsibility to download music, videos, and other material legally• Responsibility to model and teach student expectations of technology use• Responsibility to keep data/information safe from hackers• Responsibility not to falsify our identity in any wayDigital rights as lawThe term “rights” has some basic legal implications; you have a right to free speech, a right to own property, a right to vote. The term digital rights therefore has an aura of law-ness, but rights relating to digital resources are not well defined. Copyright law is nearly silent on the new world of digital resources. The WIPO Copyright Treaty, signed by nearly 60 nations that participate in the World Intellectual Property Organization, introduced some specific protections that are particular to computer files. This treaty added agreements about digital resources which include: 1) a ban on circumventing technological protection measures on file, such as encryption and password protection; 2) a ban on removing any Rights Management Information from a digital resource such as terms of conditions of use, but also including information that identifies the work such as the author or title; 3) a declaration that a compilation of data, such as a database, can be considered an intellectual creation and thus receive copyright protection.U.S. law dedicates a section to computer programs which allows owners of computer programs to make normal backup copies so that a program can be restored if there are hardware or software problems that cause its loss. None of these laws really addresses the unique properties of digital resources, especially in relation to copying and distribution.The lack of laws relating to digital materials should not be taken to mean that such laws are not needed. Many countries are in the process of modifying their intellectual property laws to take the special properties of digital materials into account. In Europe there is a strong movement to recognize the role of digital materials as this generation’s cultural expression, and to include digital materials in the legal deposit activities that support the public archive held by the national library. In the United States, the Library of Congress has formed a committee to study the library preservation exceptions in section 108 of US copyright law in light of the need to preserve digital materials and the desire to use digitization of analog materials for preservation. Sometime in the future we will have more of a sense of how “rights” and “digital” can complement each other; for the moment, the picture is fairly unclear.Vernor v. Autodesk  ( 2010)This case illustrates the tension between copyright holders’ desire to protect their works and the consumer’s belief and desire to have full rights in the product they’ve paid for, including the right to exercise the First-Sale Doctrine. Timothy Vernor purchased a copy of Autodesk’s software at a yard sale, and subsequently listed the software for sale on eBay. Autodesk requested that the listing be removed, which prompted this suit.Autodesk premised their argument on the claim that the software itself was never actually sold to consumers, only a license to use the software. Vernor countered with the argument that he had never actually installed the software itself or purchased the software from Autodesk, and therefore was not subject to any licensing agreements or restrictions.The court sided with Autodesk, despite the above argument. The opinion states that Autodesk only sells a license to use the work, and that the original owner of the work was not entitled to sell that license to Vernor in the first place, meaning that there had not been a transfer of title. Vernor, therefore, was not entitled to sell what he did not rightly own, and was precluded from listing the software for sale on eBay.The court premised its ruling on the holding that “a software user is a licensee rather than an owner of a copy where the copyright owner (1) specifies that the user is granted a license; (2) significantly restricts the user’s ability to transfer the software; and (3) imposes notable use restrictions.” 


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