Why learn a new language?. Languages symbolism identities and characters, and are used to signal individualistic by those who speak them. Language is a system integrated by a set of subjective signs and symbols, it Is primary vocal, but It can be visual too. Moreover, Individuals are also characterized by other people according to the language they speak. In other words, learning languages (besides your mother tongue) Is a strong communication tool used between nations to exchange information and to maintain social relations and integrate with the local community.
Learning a new language makes the person aware and mindful of others identities, diversities, cultures, traditions, and habits. However, is it easy to learn a new language? Not really, it can be tough, hard and needs dedication. There is no magical way to learn a language; however there are certain techniques and methods that can be followed to learn any language trying to stay away from any obstacles and difficulties that the learner may face. Thousands of studies and researches were attempted to find the best method and approach In teaching and learning a new language.
However, professors and searches didn’t agree on a single approach that they thought all learners will be able to learn throughout It. This is due to the differentiation In brain levels and habits that each person has while learning. At first, each learner should identify his/ her approach and method in learning. This stage is considered to be the origin in learning the new language because it involves a change in behavior, also involves reinforce and practice. Some learners learn best through repetition, some through writing, and others through reading or listening the language.
Nevertheless, the most important methods for teaching a new language that teachers and educators agreed on were the: audio lingual method, the silent method, the communicative language method, the integrated method, and lastly the grammar translation method. However, not all approaches are used nowadays. First of all, the audio lingual method Is a method based on the scientific descriptive and structural examination of the target language and the behaviorist’s psychologists’ learning theory of conditioning and habit formation. This method depended on mimicry and memorization of set phrases and learning vocabulary in intent.
It focused on pronunciation and on syntax rather than on morphology. This method teaches using tapes and visual aid. However, its popularity died after the sass’s because it failed to promote communicative ability as it paid too much attention to memorizing the information rather than understanding. Secondly: the silent method, which was based on cognitive rather than affective arguments. This method promoted problem solving to learning. The role of the teacher in this method is silent, does not explain everything to students. This method was criticized for Ewing very harsh and that It kept the classroom environment not conducive to learning.
Thirdly: the communicative language learning method, that defined the construct of communicative ability together with language functions and claimed that learners are expected to be able use. This method encourages teachers to teach competence, rather than Just focusing on grammatical or linguistic competence. It engages educators to use practical and functional use of language for meaningful purposes. Fourthly: the integrated method, which included four primary skills. These remarry skills are: speaking, writing, listening, and reading (and other related skills such as learning vocabulary, spelling, syntax, etc.. . The integration of skills and components of language has grown in teaching and learning a language. This method is based on group work and student interaction and collaboration. Lastly: the grammar translation method, this method is one of the most popular and important models of language teaching. It emphasizes grammatical structure rather than the learners communicative ability in the target language. Not only, but the learner stays influenced with his/her mother tongue because all the explanations and translation practices involves the learners first language.
Furthermore, this method is not based on any theoretical or practical study. On the other hand, there are several difficulties and complications that any learner may face while learning a new language. Learners were mistaken in pronouncing a word, grammar, vocabulary usage, and orthography. These mistakes may occur in various areas, such as the phonological area (letter combinations), in the syntactic area (grammar and how words connect within a sentence), also in the mantic area (definitions of words).
All these areas are different areas any learner may find difficulty in. Learners may struggle within their writing by not using complete sentences or even using incorrect verb tenses. They may struggle in conjugating the verbs as well as matching the correct masculine or feminine pronoun with a noun or placing the adjective in the correct order in a written or spoken sentence. In conclusion, learning a new language gives the learner the ability to connect and associate with more societies, communities and socials.
It feeds the brain with new vocabulary and terminology. There are numerous of methods and approaches the learner may use to complete this learning. Learners should know at first which method best suites him/her in order to build on it an attainable goal to success in learning this new language. Educators should accept any difficulty and struggle they may face and stay strong until the goal is reached. And as Maurice Young once said: “To become a master at any skill, it takes the total effort of your: heart, mind, and soul working together in tandem. ”