Harbin: Chapter 14

1. How did Rehoboam manage to lose most of his land? Rehoboam managed to lose most of his land because he refused to cut revenue enhancements and threatened to raise them. P284 2. Why is Asa viewed as a good male monarch but given a assorted reappraisal? Asa was viewed as a good male monarch but given assorted reappraisals because the lacked religious sensitiveness. he lack complete trust in God to help with the onslaught on Baasha in the Northern Kingdom.

P286-287 3. How did Jehoshaphat show piousness on the one manus but political naivete on the other? Jehosphat showed piousness by strengthening the state and went through the land taking heathen shrines that had either non been removed by Asa or had crept back in. He sent instructors throughout the land learning the jurisprudence and organized the states militarily.

On the other manus he made hapless political confederations with Ahab. Ahaziah. and Jorm all with negative consequences. Jehoshaphat was a strong adult male spiritually but non ever spoting sing the people around him. P287-288 4. What is most memorable about Athaliah? Athaliah is most memorable for after the decease of her boy Ahaziah. she proceeded to kill off the remainder of the male in the royal household so that she could govern. She missed one: Joash. P289 5. How did Joash convey hope to the Southern Kingdom? What did he make that caused him to be assassinated?

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Joash brought hope to the Southern Kingdom with the aid of the priest to purifiy the temple. eliminating the worshp of Baal from the Southern Kingdom. repaired the temple. reconstructing the worship and sacrificial system. By turning his bosom off from God. he ordered Zechariah to be stoned on the temple evidences. which led to his blackwash. P290 6. In what manner did Uzziah show religious folly? What were the effects? Uzziah demonstrated religious folly by come ining the temple to fire incense something merely priets were to make.

God so intervened and struch him with Hansen’s disease. his pride and misplaced ardor in worshinping God. he was rendered unfit enen to come in the temple. P292 The decease of Uzziah is an of import day of the month in the scriptural record. for it was during that twelvemonth that Isaiah was commissioned as prophesier. 740 BCE – P292-293 7. What is most memorable about Ahaz? Ahaz is memorable because he turned away from YHWH. he served the heathen Gods. including Baal. even performed child forfeits.

He closed the temple Solomon had built for worship of YHWH. preferring his new communion table and the Gods of Damascus. P293-294 8. Compare and contrast Hezekiah with his male parent. Ahaz. and with David. Hezekiah was every bit nutrient as his male parent was evel. He cleansed and reopened the temple. rejected the foreign Gods and showed great trust in YHWH and looked to Isaiah for advice. he promoted religious resurgence. P295-298. 9. What was the function of Isaiah in the Southern Kingdom?

The function of Isaiah in the Southern Kingdom was both a prophesier and historian. P298 10. What cardinal prognostications did the Prophetss of this period give sing the Messiah? The cardinal prognostications that the Prophetss of this period gave sing the Messiah were: a. The first is the expectancy of the birth of the Messiah – virgin birth B. “Servant Songs” – gives a shapshot of his decease. how the Messiah’s bearing the wickednesss of His people and His Resurrection. c. That Jesus would subsequently read in the temple in Nazereth – Isaiah 61:1-2. P299-300 11. What is most memorable about Manasseh? Manasseh’s most memorable minutes outside of his Acts of the Apostless of renunciation.

Both Kings and Chronicles describe how he reversed Hezekiah’s reforms. began false worship. put up graven images. and even performed child forfeit. as a consequence of his Acts of the Apostless. the Southern Kingdom would travel into expatriate. In his Babylonian prison Manasseh came to recognize what he had done and repented. After supplication. he was returned to Jerusalem. where for his last few old ages he reversed some of the worst of what he had initiated. P302-303 12. In what ways was Josiah the last hope for the Southern Kingdom?

Josiah was the last hope for the Southern Kingdom in these ways ; spiritual reforms. initiated a Restoration of the temple. encouraged the priest in the performace of their responsibilities and told them to set the Ark back in the temple where it belonged. he obeyed God’s commandments. P304-306 13. Trace the diminution and autumn of the Southern Kingdom. With the decease of Josiah is son Jehoahaz was placed on the throne. merely to be captured by Pharaoh Neco. Neco placed Jehoiakim ( boy of Josiah ) but did non listen to Jeremiah’s warning that the Sothern Kingdom was traveling to stop up like the Northen.

United arab republic lost to the Babylonians. Jehoiakim didn’t listen to warning and turned to Egypt for aid which did non travel good. P307-308 14. Describe the different ways by which Jeremiah tried to convey his message to the people. The different ways by which Jeremiah tried to convey his message to the people were: a. Burying a linen sash near the Euphrates River to mean the Exile B.

Watching a thrower refashion a blemished point. exemplifying how God would refashion thje state c. Interrupting a big pot before the leading. showing how God would destruct the Southern Kingdom d. Delivering a piece of land. demoing assurance tht God would continue the people even through expatriate e. Staying individual because of the awaited difficult times

f. Wearing a yoke to typify approaching bondage. P310 15. Why was Lamentations written? Lamentations written as a plaint concentrating on the metropolis of Jerusalem and it’s devastation. Jeremiah admitted throughout the book that the ground for the devastation was the wickedness of the people. P313

Chapter 15

1. What are some grounds that the Exile was non every bit terrible as it might hold been? Some of the grounds that the Exile was non every bit terrible as it might hold been are: a. The Assyrian and Babylonian position. the design of the expatriate procedure was merely partly punishment. P316 B. The Exile was non so desperate seems to be that at least some of the people listened to the Prophetss. P317 c. Seems to be coupled with the people’s wherewithal to follow God’s instructions and pray. God blessed the people even while they were in expatriate. P317 2. Sum up both the incidents and the visions recorded in the book of Daniel.

Here is a sum-up of some incidents and visions recorded in the book of Daniel: a. Nebuchadnezzar had a dream that he wanted taken and his advisers could non make so. All the advisor’s where given a decease sentence including Daniel. Daniel asked for and received a stay of executing in order to seek to acquire an reading. Daniel and his friends prayed to God and He answered. After praising God. Daniel went to the male monarch and reported the consequences. He informed him that the vision was a statue Meade of four mentals. These represented four consecutive universe land. represented by a rock cut out without custodies. which would make full the Earth.

Finaly. Daniel told Nebuchadnezzer that God was giving him this message as a wide lineation of the hereafter. P318-319 B. We see his friends thrown into the fiery furnace because they failed to idolize Nebuchadnezzars’ gold statue. but they were rescued by God. P319 c. Daniel was thrown into the lion’s lair because he dared to pray to the God in heaven instead that to Darius. but he besides was delivered by God. P319 d. A really of import incident took topographic point at the terminal of the Babylonian Empire. when Belshazzar was the male monarch.

The male monarch had a large pary while the Iranian ground forcess were environing the metropolis. When he was rummy. Belshazzar decided to imbibe a toast to his Gods with cups taken from the temple in Jerusalem. A manus appeared and wrote on the wall “Mene. Mene. Tekel. Parsin” . The male monarch called for Daniel and asked him to interpret. Daniel did interpret the words. stating the male monarch that it was all over for him and for Babylon. P320 e. Daniel relates several visions he received that supplement Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the statue – foremost moving ridge of expatriates returned to Jerusalem about the clip of his last vision. P320

3. What is revelatory literature. and how is it different from prophetic literature? a. Apocalypitc literature serves to demo God’s sovereignty over the hereafter. seems to be less concerned with a response and more focused on what God is traveling to make – regardless. tends to be more visually oriented than prophetic. and is really rich in the usage of symbols. b. Prophetic composing service to sho God’s crowned head control over history. oriented toward the audience having the message – and there is an expected response from the listener and has some symbolic representation. P320

4. What makes the book of Ezekiel distinctive? The book of Ezekiel is typical because it was written in Babylon. it seem to hold been accepted by Israelits who piously believed God. and it was inccorportated into the canon. And he records his celebrated vision of the vale of castanetss – points to a future Restoration of the state. Followed bya prophetic declaration of a future period of Restoration when God would put His Holy Spirit within the people.

A major vision was of a restored temple. Ezekiel was a prophesier who pronounced opinions as God’s representative. P325-326 5. What is the significance of Esther? The significance of Ester was her function in the defence of the Judaic people from an effort to kill off them. P326

Before reading chs. 16–17 in Harbin. read Hindson. ch. 12 and take elaborate
notes.

Harbin: Chapter 16

1. What was the map of Haggai? Haggai was a prophesier with a specific agenda-get the temple rebuilt. P336 2. How was Zechariah’s ministry different from that of Haggai. his modern-day? Zechariah’s ministry differs from that of Haggai. his modern-day because Zechariah’s message focused more on future issues: while Haggi presented his message in the manner of the traditional prophesier. Zechariah’s message was more revelatory. P337 3. What was Ezra’s function in the return? Ezra’s function in the return was to implement God’s Torahs.

Ezra and his associates were to convey order to a part that was slightly helter-skelter. One manner they did this was foreign married womans would be divorced and sent place to forestall their “detestable practices” from impacting the community. P340 4. How did Nehemiah assist the fighting community in Jerusalem? Nehemiah helped the fighting community in Jerusalem by carrying Artaxerxes to give him command over Jerusalem to reconstruct the walls. He was able to unify the community and built the walls in 52 yearss. P341-342 5. What is the significance of Malachi?

The significance of Malachi was to convey the word of the Lord to Israel. a. He assured the people that God would be directing a courier to fix the manner. That future event would be a clip of proving when the false and unfaithful would be burned up but the true and faithful would be proven. healed. and winning. B. A concluding promise that before that “day” occurred. God would direct Elijah. With this apprehension. the Judaic people began a conversation that would last several hundred old ages. The focal point of their treatment was on what they should make to maintain the Law. P344-345

Chapter 17

1. Why did the OT canon terminal with Malachi? The OT canon terminal with Malachi because after Malachi. no more Prophetss arose wose plants measured up. The Jesish community came to the decision that God had nil more to state to them. P350 2. What is the Apocrypha. and how was it viewed by the Jews at the clip of Jesus? The Apocrypha are a aggregation of books that are found between the OT and NT in some Bibles and means “Hidden” or “secret” and are non to be read to the fold.

The early church fasthers knew that the Apocrypha had non been accepted by the Jews and the apostles. and therefore they ne’er included these books in the canon. P351 3. What is the Mishnah? How is it different from the Talmud? Why are they of import? Mishnah is a multivolume work written by Judaic leaders in a argument sing how to maintain the jurisprudence. Mishnah ( intending “repetition” that is. “study or Teaching by perennial recitation” ) . In some regard. the Mishnah is a commentary on the Law. but is besides a record of the argument and the decisions the Judaic rabbis reached.

P352 After the devastation of the temple in 70 CE. many of the rites and Torahs were put into suspension. Without a temple what was one to make? While the Mishnah argument continued. the Jewish community shortly turned to a new treatment. This treatment was finally recorded in the Gemarah ( intending “completion. the acquisition of the unwritten instruction. tradition” . which is fundamentally a commentrary on the Mishnah. explicating how it can be carried out off from the land and without a temple. The Mishnah and the Gemarah togerther represent the Talmud ( “teaching. learning” ) . P353

4. What are Pseudepigrapha? The Pseudegrapha are plants produced by Judaic authors. some of these were written prior to the NT perios. while others originated in the last portion of the first century and beyond. The Grecian word pseudepigraphon means “written under a false name” anthe the plural Pseudepigrapha was foremost applied to plants attributed to person other than the existent author. normally a celebrated prophesier. P354 5. How did the Sadducees develop? The Sadducess developed from a “traditionalist” head set “we must return to our roots” .

They wanted to keep a Hebrew civilization. utilizing the Hebrew linguistic communication. following a stiff reading of the Judaic jurisprudence. The Sadducess developed from a Helleniztion motion sometime after the Maccabean rebellion. chiefly made up of the Jerusalem nobility and the temple priesthood. Their primary concern seems to hold been to avoid confrontation with the secular “powers that be” . frequently viewed by the people as selling out. P355-357 6. How did the Pharisees develop? Pharisees are split off group from the Hasidim ( “pious ones” ) in resistance to the Sadducess.

The Pharisees were mostly in-between or lower category. both business communities ( preponderantly ) and priests ( or Levites ) . Their head concern was following the Law and. more specifically. how to use the Law to assorted daily issues. P355-358 7. Who were the Essenes. and why are they of import? The Essences. a much more conservative group than the Pharisees. Esssenes split off from the Hasideans ( Pharisees ) 20 old ages prior to the Maccabean rebellion. They followed a much stricter life style. one we would name ascetic. Some times called themselves “Sons of Zadok” .

P358 8. Who were the Scribes. and what function did they play in Judean society? The Scribe was a professional rubric. scribes trace their office back to the clip of Ezra “the scribe” . Their primary maps were to copy the Law. to read it. and so to construe it to the people. P359 9. Trace the rise and death of Alexander the Great. See high spots on pages 360-362

10. What happened to Alexander’s imperium after his decease? After Alexander’s decease. his imperium was divided between four cardinal leaders: Lysimachus held Thrace and Asia Minor ; Cassander had control of Macedonia ( including Breece ) ; Ptolemy controlled Egypt ( besides Palestine and varous other parts ) ; and Seleucus ruled the Iranian heartlands. P362 11. Who were the Ptolemies and the Seleucids. and why are they of import? The Ptolemies are named after Ptolemy I. one of Alexander’s generals who controlled Egypt. Cyprus and som bridgeheads in southern Asia Minor. every bit good as Judea and southern Syria.

One of his most important Acts of the Apostless was to set up a major library in Alexandria. Alexandria besides became a major colony for Hebrews who did non travel back to Jedea. P362. The Seleucids are named after Seleucus I who had been a general under Alexander. he held the Iranian hearlands and regained most of Asia Minor. He attempted a strong plan of Hellenization to unify the land. Acritical facet of this plan was an attempt to coerce th worship of his favourite God. Zeus. on his topics. During the early portion of his reign. he contented himself with playing Judaic cabals against one another.

There was a changeless power battle between these two parties. stoping in the Maccabean rebellion. which finally resulted in independency for Judea. P364-365 12. Who were the Maccabees. and what did they make for Judea? The Maccabees were a household that led a rebellion against the Syrian encroachers who attempted to coerce all Jews to a false God. Their successful rebellion led to the independency of Judea.

They cleansed the temple and rededicated the temple. Three cardinal achievements: they achieved independency from Syria ; thmerged the priesthood and the throne ; they entered into an confederation with Rome. By 142 BCE. Judea had received full independency. P366-367 13. How did Herod. an Edomite. go male monarch of Judea? Herod. an Edomite. became male monarch of Judea because of a civil war between two brothers. Due to the struggle Rome placed Antipater two boies as military governors: Phasael over Judea and Herod over Galilee.

After his male parent and brothers decease. he was placed in charge of the part. In 40 BCE. Herold fled to Rome when the Parthians invaded Galilee. There he persuaded the Roman senate to name him king of Jedea. P368-369 14. How did Rome do Judea portion of the Roman Empire? Rome made Judea portion of the Roman Empire because of its problems. in 6 CE it ceased being a client land and became a Roman provice.

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