this acronym stands for Business Process Model and Notation. This model is a graphical
representation of standard for establishing and describing business processes. It
was developed by BPMI which stands for Business process management initiative which
is now managed by the OMG which also stands for object Management Group since
their 2005 merger. The rise of this standard came when there was a need to
create a common method of communication to be used. Currently there two
versions and the newer version 2.0 was created to connect two independent progress
streams. This standard is known to be vendor neutral which is intended to be
used by a broad range of tools and applications. BPMN can be use at three
different and distinct levels which are the analytical modeling, Executable
modeling and the Descriptive modeling. Each of these different modeling shows a
unique way to effectively utilize the model. Firstly, the analytical model is a
more detail oriented model that shows the various procedures required to analyze
the performance process by he use of a simulation or creating a well descriptive
IT implementation requirement. For this analytical pattern to be successful a
vast understanding of BPMN’s various decision and merge patterns events and exceptions
pattern. The diagram for this level must be organized effectively as tiered depictions
of the end to end business process. Secondly, the Executable modeling is vender
tool dependent. In this modeling, BPMN is part of the executable procedure
implementation. The diagrams in this level impose supplementary justification restrictions
that are way past those of the BPMN specifications. Finally, the Descriptive
modeling, the kind most BPM consultants typically talk about high-level,
occasionally ignoring BPMN’s diagram validation rules, but easy to communicate
across the organization, related with a procedure on how to achieve it. This
descriptive modeling entails vast comprehension of the understanding of essential
concepts like lanes, task, flow.

JSON which stands
for JavaScript Object Notation. It is based off JavaScript which makes it a
lightweight data-interchange format.  It
is easy for humans to able to comprehend, read and write. It is easy for
machines to analyze and produce. It is also a text format that is entirely autonomous
of language but uses conventions programmers are used to for instance C++,C,
C#, Java, python, JavaScript. There are two structures that make up JSON which
are Firstly, an assembly of value and name pairs. Secondly, an organized well-organized
list of values. It could be used in pace of SML or Ajax style systems.  The official interne datatype for json is
application/json also json files have “.json” as an extension. In early 2000s,
Douglas Crawford specified that JSON format with two rival standards which are
ECMS 404 and RFC 8259 which he later define in 2017. The ECMA standard
describes only the allows syntax. While
the RFC protects some security and interoperability considerations.
JSON has its limitations; one of them being the issue of interoperability but a
solution has been created and they call the internet JSON IJSON which this the
problems of interoperability will be resolved through.

Example of JSON : Describing myself

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“firstName”: “Amarachi”,


“gender”: “female”,



  “county”: “Cobb”,



Governance is the group of multi-faceted processes, procedures, and policies
applied to manage information at a high organizational level, while supporting
an organization’s current and upcoming monitoring, and risk aspects. Information
governance goes way beyond maintenance and disposition. In important electronically
derived data in the form of electronically stored information is
searched and place on  hold by the legal
team. Information
Governance policies enforces the right kind of attitude on how office personnel
should handle information that were stored electronically. Each
organization needs to have policy that dictates the outlooks from staff and
what to do if this is  and consequences
on non-compliance. Information Governance includes deliberation of how data is managed
and provides a stage for improved quality of process. Furthermore, Information Governance
has come forth as a stage for companies to have a clear and concise policy at
the high level in order to be able to relay goals to employees. Information Governance
then also provides for the enforcement of these policies into the various sources
of records and information. Information governance ought to determine the equilibrium between
two possibly deviating organizational goals: hulling out value from information
and reducing the possible risk of information. It also curbs organizational
risk. An organization is able of creating a reliable and rational basis for personnel
to manage data through the policies and procedures that were made available



Benson, T., & Grieve, G. (2016). Principles of
Health Interoperability. electronic resource : SNOMED CT, HL7 and FHIR.
Cham : Springer International Publishing, 2016.

Crockford, Douglas (2009). “Introducing
JSON”. json.org. Retrieved January

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