What is being done to improve water-related problems in Cameroon? Plan of Investigation: The country of Cameroon is facing an increasing number of problems related to water and water contamination. Its poorly maintained water network system is becoming less and less efficient, and a high percentage of Cameraman’s residents don’t have access to safe drinking water. Fortunately, several organizations are working with Cameraman’s government to supply filters and create access to clean water supply networks for rural Compressions.
Two articles, “Cameroon: Cholera Kills at least 51 in North” about a cholera outbreak in northern Cameroon and “Cameroon: Research Institute for Medicinal Plants – AFC 2. 4 Billion To Reinforce Research” will be evaluated for relevance and reliability. Evidence: In rural Cameroon, only 47% of the people have access to safe drinking water. (WHO/ Waterier) More then 3. 4 million people die as a result of water related diseases around the world. (WHO, via OVA News) Several methods already being used to disinfect water contaminated with bacteria include boiling, XIV, and chlorine.
It is somewhat challenging to get adequate water service to every Water Project) person because people in parts of rural Cameroon are so spread apart, and getting quality service to those parts may eat into an already strained health budget. (Improving access) Of the 300 or so urban centers with 5000+ people in Cameroon, only 98 have water supply networks. (Waterier) Only 58% of the people in urban areas, and 42% in rural areas have access to improved sanitation facilities. This is a problem because if a city doesn’t have sanitation facilities, the wastewater is often dumped into a river, contaminating a source of water for many people. Waterier) In Yaounde©, the capital of Cameroon, there is no city-wide wastewater disposal. (UN Habitat) The average rate of water loss rose from 25% in 1990 to 45% in 2000. This shows that the water network in Cameroon is aging, and poorly maintained. (Waterier) Water-born diseases, such as diarrhea, cholera, E. Coli, and many others, are usually caused by water holes and sources contaminated by sewage and bacteria. (Barman) Among children under age four, diarrhea accounts for 10% of all deaths. Waterier) Cholera epidemics are frequent in Northern Cameroon, a fact highlighted by an outbreak in which 51 people were killed. ARIN News) Health Expenditure in Cameroon for 2001-2002 was around $110 million, only 4. 5% of its national budget. (Waterier) Source Evaluation: “Cameroon: Research Institute for Medicinal Plants – AFC 2. 4 Billion -or Reinforce Research” was peduncles In areaway III, Dye teen Cameroon Airline. It was written about an organization, the Medical Research Institute for Medicinal Plants, and its efforts to reinforce research on certain diseases in Cameroon.
These include HOW AIDS, malaria, and emerging diseases. The organization will also step up research on medicinal plants and traditional medicine. This article is quite relevant to my investigation because it talks about some things that are being done to improve several health problems, including water related illnesses, in Cameroon. “Cameroon: Research Institute for Medicinal Plants” is relatively reliable because it was published by the Cameroon Tribune, a well-known newspaper, and was distributed online by Alfresco. Com, a site that was recommended by teachers.
The author got his/her information mostly from facts that came from the organization’s meetings. “Cameroon: Cholera Kills at least 51 in North” was published in October 2009 by ARIN News. It is about a cholera outbreak that occurred in late 2009, in northern Cameroon. This article is very relevant because it talks about the water problems in Cameroon, which is what my research question is about. The article also discusses several ways to solve the water contamination problems that are so terrible, especially in the northern part of the country.
It tells that cholera has killed at least 51 people in one outbreak in late 2009. The article seems very reliable, as its information comes from a United Nations agency called ARIN. The UN has proven to be a reliable and trustworthy resource for information. Analysis: Numerous steps are being taken to improve the water contamination problem in Cameroon, as well as improve the country’s water network. A program called Water for African Cities will try to improve water quality and water technology in Cameroon, as well as create innovative tools for water demand management.
The government of Cameroon will also step up efforts to improve the country’s aging water network. Another idea to improve water problems in Cameroon is coming from an organization called The Water Project. The Water Project is working with Thirst Relief International another water-related organization) to supply ‘Biased water filters’ to villages and neighborhoods in Cameroon. The filters are comprised of a concrete container (approximately the size of an office water cooler), with an inset plastic pipe and filled with layers of sand and gravel.
Contaminated water is poured into the top of the filter, and a diffuser plate distributes the water over the sand bed. The water travels through multiple layers of gravel and collects in the plastic pipe at the base of the filter. The clean water then exits the plastic piping for the user to collect. In all of Hess projects, countless individuals are putting their time and energy into developing sustainable water cleansing techniques. Among the organizations involved are the United Nations, which is overseeing the Water for African Cities Project, and The Water project, which is supplying the Biased Filters.
The United Nations Habitat Organization is also taking action by working with Cameraman’s government and people to develop and improve the sanitation facilities, and make access to safe water much easier for people. The strategies used by all of these organizations are turning out to be quite successful. This is especially true for the Water Project – over 90% of bacteria and 100% of the parasites are removed from the water via the Biased filter system. An added benefit of the filter system is that they are produced locally in Cameroon, and provide much needed Jobs throughout the region.
In tents particular mentor, success Is Delve tramline Dye now much Etcetera and contamination are removed from the water. In the government’s plan, however, success is being determined by how much the water network system is improved, and how many people now get access to safe, uncontaminated water. Conclusion: It is apparent that the water problems in Cameroon are becoming increasingly official to face. Fortunately, many organizations and individuals are taking action and coming up with new ways to solve the problems that face Cameroon.
They do this by creating locally made water filters, updating the water network system, and educating residents about how to prevent water borne illnesses. This wave of ideas and solutions will drastically help improve the water situation in Cameroon, and, in time, provide safe, quality water for even the most remote villages in Cameroon. Until this is completed though, we must continue to help those who still don’t have access o safe water and have no choice but to drink from contaminated sources. Works Cited: Barman, Jessica. WHO: Waterborne Disease is World’s Leading Killer.