Candide By Voltaire Essay, Research Paper

My book study is on Candide by Voltaire and consists

of 326 pages. Voltaire & # 8217 ; s Candide is the narrative of an

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guiltless adult male & # 8217 ; s experiences in a mad and evil universe,

and his battle to accomplish felicity without holding

to work and taking the easy manner out of all state of affairss.

Everyone has to work and finally they will accomplish

felicity and joy but in Candide & # 8217 ; s instance, after a long

and hard battle in which Candide is forced to

overcome bad luck to happen felicity, he concludes

that all is non that easy and that he must work in

order to happen even a little sum of pleasance in life.

Candide grows up in the Castle of Westphalia

and is taught by the erudite philosopher, Dr.

Pangloss. Candide is suddenly exiled from the palace

when found snoging the Baron & # 8217 ; s girl,

Cunegonde. Devastated by the separation from

Cunegonde, his true love, Candide sets out to


topographic points in the hope of happening her and accomplishing entire

felicity. On his journey, he faces a figure of

bad lucks, among them being tortured during ground forces

preparation, yet he continues to believe that there is a

“ cause and consequence ” for everything. Candide is

reunited with Cunegonde, and regains a life of


but shortly all is taken off, including his dear

Cunegonde. He travels on, and old ages subsequently he finds


once more, but she is now fat and ugly. His wealth is all

gone and so is his love for the Baron & # 8217 ; s girl.

Throughout Candide, we see how accepting state of affairss

and non seeking to alter or get the better of obstructions

can be damaging. Life is full of battles, but it

would be nonproductive if people passively accepted

whatever destiny had in shop for them, shrugging off

their personal duty. Voltaire believes that

people should non let themselves to be victims. He

leers at naif, accepting types, informing us

that people must work to make their Utopia ( Bottiglia

93 ) .

In Candide, world and “ the existent universe ” are

portrayed as being dissatisfactory. Within the

Baron & # 8217 ; s castle, Candide is able to take a Utopian

life. After his ostracism, though, he recognizes the

immorality of the universe, seeing adult male & # 8217 ; s agonies. The lone

thing that keeps Candide alive is his hope that

things will acquire better. Even though the universe is

filled with catastrophe, Candide has an optimistic


that he adopted from Dr. Pangloss & # 8217 ; instructions. In

malice of his many tests, Candide believes that all is

good and everything is for the best. Merely one time, in

defeat, does he acknowledge that he sometimes feels


optimism is “ the passion of keeping that all is good

when we are suffering ” ( Voltaire 41 ) . Candide & # 8217 ; s

enthusiastic position of life is contrasted with, and

challenged by the agony which he endures

throughout the book. Voltaire wrote this book in a

mocking and satirical mode in order to show

his sentiment that inactive optimism is foolish ( Richter

134 ) .

Candide finally learns how

to accomplish

felicity in the face of mishap. He learns that

in order to achieve a province of contentment, one must be

portion of society where there is corporate attempt and

work. Labor, Candide learns, eliminates the three

expletives of world: privation, ennui, and frailty. In

order to make such a society, adult male must make the

following: love his fellow adult male, be merely, be argus-eyed,

cognize how to do the best of a bad state of affairs and maintain

from speculating. Martin expresses this last

demand for such a society compactly when he

says, “ Let & # 8217 ; s work without theorizing ; it & # 8217 ; s the lone

manner of rendering life endurable ” ( Voltaire 77 ) .

One of the last people that Candide meets in

his travels is an old, hapless Turkish husbandman who

Teachs Candide a lesson which allows him to come to

footings with the universe and to settle down

merrily. The disclosure occurs when Candide and his

friends hear of the violent death of two confidant

advisers of the grand Turk, and they ask the Turkish

husbandman if he could give them more inside informations about the

state of affairs.

Upon larning that this adult male did non have “ an tremendous

and glorious belongings ” ( Voltaire 76 ) , but instead a

mere 20 estates that he cultivates with his

kids, Candide is startled. He sees that the adult male


happy with his life, and at that point Candide decides

to construct his ain life around the principal of being

productive. He decides that all he needs to be happy

is a garden to cultivate so that he, excessively, can maintain

from the three great immoralities.

Candide & # 8217 ; s garden symbolizes his resignation to

the universe and his credence of it. He finally

realizes that his former aspirations of determination and

accomplishing a perfect province of felicity were fulfilled,

though his successes were non every bit great as he had

wished. Alternatively, he has found happiness in a simple

manner of life. He besides learns that everything in life

is non evil, which he perceived to be the instance while

undergoing bad lucks. He besides concludes that Dr.

Pangloss was right wholly along, “ everything is for the

best. ”

Throughout the full book, we observe Candide

seeking for felicity, sustained by his

dream of accomplishing that felicity. He believes, in

his optimistic manner, that he will happen Cunegonde, his

true love, and Dr. Pangloss, his wise man, and all will

be good. When Candide is reunited with both he

realizes that he was right non to lose hope. In

kernel, it was Candide & # 8217 ; s optimism that keeps him from


province of entire dejection, keeping his saneness

during troubled times. Candide finally achieves

felicity with his friends in their simple, yet full,

lives. The book & # 8217 ; s stoping affirms Voltaire & # 8217 ; s moral


one must work to achieve satisfaction. Work aid

Candide overcome his calamities and enables him to

unrecorded peacefully and in contentment. The message of

Candide is: “ Don & # 8217 ; t apologize, but work ; Don & # 8217 ; T

utopianize, but improve. We must cultivate our ain

garden, for no 1 is traveling to make it for us ”

( Richter 161 ) .


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