Candied Paper In this passage, Candied is first hand observing the suffering and abuse of a slave, while on his march with Combat to a Dutch town. The poor negro slave has lost his arm and leg by trying to escape the mistreatment from his master. Candied is sympathetic of this slave and does not understand how things could be well when everything appears to be like hell. Candied is beginning to question Pangolin’s theory, “this is the best of all possible worlds,” and his own optimism after observing the torment and unhappiness of the slave.

Candid’s negative thoughts were impacted by the slave’s long dialogue, which acts like a monologue in a play. It is significant and powerful that the story is told in the first person, and not by a narrator, as the readers are learning about the grotesque details of abuse directly from the victim. In addition, the slave was able to quote his mother directly, “My dear child… You have the honor of being a slave to our white masters, and in this way you are making the fortune of your father and mother” (40).

This helps to strengthen his argument because the readers cannot question the accuracy of the slave’s account. His mother’s quotation also provides evidence of incongruity in this passage. The slave’s parents thought he was so fortunate to be a slave to such white masters yet these masters were the ones causing the slave great suffering and abuse. To further emphasize his own mistreatment, the slave repetitively uses the phrases “If we… They… ” To explain the threats he receives from his master when he tries to do something wrong.

The slave suggests that there is a cause and effect relationship between his behavior and his mistreatment. This technique makes his argument clearer and stronger. Since the negro has been negatively effected by these threats he states, “the dogs, monkeys, and parrots are a thousand times less unhappy than we are” (40). This exaggerated statement further illustrates the slave’s extreme misery and depression. Candied is appalled by the slave’s unhappiness and is convinced that this no longer “the best of all possible worlds”.

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After hearing the slave’s dialogue Candied states, “Oh Pompanos… L must give up on your optimism after all” (40). Candied gained a new perspective on life after he met the wounded slave and learned about the mistreatment and inequality of mankind. He was unable to connect the idea of optimism with slavery; Candied questioned how he could be so optimistic when the slave is treated like hell and is so unhappy. This caused Candied to reconsider his philosophy that “all things happen for the best,” and foreshadows his own philosophy hat he develops at the end of the book.

Candid’s new philosophy, “we must cultivate our garden” was driven by his experiences while traveling and while hearing the suffering slave’s story. He had come to realize that not all things come with ease, but we should however work with what we do have. Candied changed his optimistic view to a more realistic view of the world after being exposed to the slave that had his arm and leg cut off for unjust reasons. Candied concluded that this is no longer “the best of all possible worlds. ” Candied By surmountable


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