The First World War is by and large accepted to be the first struggle to convey warfare to a planetary graduated table. The four old ages of world-wide belligerencies were brought on by a synergy of both domestic and international issues. Although both factors played a important function in the eruption of war. the international issues contributed more to the eruption of struggle than did the domestic. The international landscape taking up to World War I was marked by imperialism. high economic competition. and the colonisation of lands in Africa and South America. This competition for foreign lands. and the resources and strategic placement attach toing them. created a tense international ambiance. Rather than viing over regional boundary lines. European states intensely jockeyed for power around the Earth. European boundary lines. while non set in rock. were less disputed at this clip than they had been in the yesteryear. However. the imperialistic attitudes of these states seemed to rekindle old tensenesss as leaders vied to spread out their economic and military power around the universe. Cardinal to the international causes for war was the series of European confederations that vaulted states into war in the event that an ally was attacked. The Double Alliance was formed in 1879 between Germany and Austria. with Italy fall ining in 1882.
France allied with Russia in 1894. efficaciously pin downing Germany between two enforcing powers twenty old ages before the eruption of war. The Entente was formed in 1904 when Britain allied with France. and it shortly became the Triple Entente when Russia joined in 1907. Additionally. Russia allied with the Slavs. whose effectual due east push against the Ottoman Turks created a power vacuity in the part and allowed for the rise of Serbian patriotism. The subsequent blackwash of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire by the Bosnian-Serb Gavrilo Princip was the proverbial “straw that broke the camel’s back. ” The series of confederations ensured that alternatively of a struggle between the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Serbia at that place would war on a planetary graduated table. Adding to the jobs built-in in the system of European confederations were unsolved tensenesss between regional participants.
The Franco-Prussian war from 1870-1871 left enduring tensenesss between France and Germany. Germany remained distrustful of France through the bend of the century and as a consequence a sense of militarism and patriotism emerged in the states political relations and civilization. This helped fuel an arm’s race between Great Britain that farther intensified international personal businesss. France’s ain intuitions of Germany led to their building of the Maginot Line in an effort to protect themselves from a German invasion. A combination of domestic and international factors led to the eruption of the First World War. However. domestic issues such as ardent patriotism owe themselves to what was happening in the international scene. Patriotism was the consequence. instead than the cause. of the increased international tensenesss in Europe. And while militaristic authoritiess like Germany’s portion some of the duty for the eruption of war. it was the series of confederations that led the war to be conducted on a planetary graduated table. In the buildup to war. it is apparent that domestic issues. while of import. were non about every bit important as the international factors.