Computers use BLANK language consisting of 0s and 1s.
Binary
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special symbol is made up of unique combination of eight BLANK
Bits
Which is the smallest
Gigabyte
Petabyte
Megabyte
Terabyte
Megabyte
Apple’s OS X and Microsoft Windows are examples of BLANK software
Operating system
An Apple iPad and a Microsoft Surface are examples of BLANK computers
Tablet
Which computer is large, expensive and supports many simultaneous users and manage large amounts of data
Supercomputer
Mainframe computer
Embedded computer
Desktop computer
Mainframe computer
BLANK computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as a car
Embedded
A keyboard and mouse are examples of BLANK devices
Input
A BLANK is an input device that looks like a pen
Stylus
Each of these is a basic type of a touch screen
The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as BLANK
Screen resolution
The most common type of monitor is a BLANK
Liquid crystal display (LCD)
Inkjet printer and laser printers are examples of BLANK printers
nonimpact
BLANK printers either melt a wax based ink on regular paper or by burning dots on specially coated paper
Thermal
The BLANK contains the central electronic components of the ocmputer
Motherboard
BLANK is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are temporarily stored
RAM
RAM is a BLANK storage location
Volatile
The are that holds all the strart-up instructions the computer needs to start is the
ROM
The area that holds all the startup instructions the computer needs to start is the
ROM
A BLANK CPU has two processing paths, allowing it to process more than one instruction at a time
Dual-core
All of the following are examples of nonvolatile storage EXCEPT
Hard drive
Flash drive
DVD
RAM
RAM
Dropbox is an example of
Could storage
Names for a flash drive
Jummp, thumb, USB
Flash drives plug into a
USB port
Greatest storage copacity
CD
BD
DVD DL
DVD
BD
Most common port used to connect input and output devices
USB
BLANK is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system
port
Computer port transmits audio and video without the need for compression
HDMI
Ways to avoid injuries when working on computer
Ensuring proper lighting, purchasing an adjustable chair, taking breaks
BLANK is concerned with the design and arrangement of machines and furniture to avoid uncomfortable or unsafe experiences
Ergonomics
BLANK is a representation of a face, a figure, or an idea and can be a number, a word, a picture, or even a recording of sound
Data
BLANK is the set of computer programs that allows the hardware to perform different tasks
Software
BLANK is a computer that performs complex calculations very rapidly
Supercomputer
A BLANK device is a component such as a keyboard, that connects to the computer
A kilobyte is exactly BLANK bytes
Microphones and scanners are examples of BLANK devices
Input
BLANK is a wireless transmission standard that lets you connect mobile computing devices to peripheral devices over short distances
Bluetooth
Display screens that respond to commands initiated with your inger or a stylus are called BLANK screens
Touch
A desktop computer’s BLANK is the case that houses the main components of the computer plus peripheral devices
The BLANK keyboard layout gets its name from the first six letters in the top left row of alphabetic keys on the keyboard and is the standard English-language keyboard layout
QWERTY
Joysticks and steering wheels are examples of BLANK controllers
game
A BLANK is a small video camera that sits on top of a monitor or is built into a laptop and can be used to transmit live video
Webcam
BLANK microphone picks up sounds coming from all directions at once and its well suited for conference calls
omnidirectional
The width-to-height proportion of a monitor is known as the BLANK
aspect ratio
Monitors display images by using a grid made up of millions of tiny dots called
pixels
The length of time it takes for a processor to request, locate, open and deliver information stored in RAM is measured in
nanoseconds
BLANK is a measure of the greatest amount of light showing when the monitor displays pure white
Brightness
A BLANK is a device that combines the functions of printer, scanner, copier, and fax machine into one unit
The “brains” of the computer is the
CPU
An SD card is an example of a BLANK card
memory
CDs, DVDs, and BLANK discs are examples of optical storage
BD
A BLANK restarts the system while it is still powered on
A connectivity port which transfers data at speeds up to 10,000 MBPS IS
BLANK is a power-saving mode that stores data to a computer’s hard drive instead of to its memory
Hibernate
True or false information is data that has been organized or presented in a meaningful fashion
True
True or false A smartphone is a computer
True
True or false the operating system provides the means for users to interact with a computer
True
True or false The terms data and information can be used interchangeably
False
True or false a unidirectional microphone picks up sounds equally well from all dirctions
False
True or false processing is manipulating, calculating, or organizing data into information
True
True or false on a keyboard, Number lock and caps lock are both toggle keys
True
True or false laser printers are usually faster at printing in black and white than inkjet printers
False
True or false The arithmetic logic unit (ALU) controls all of the functions performed by the computer’s other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instructions
False
True or false game controllers are output devices
False
True or false keyboards that display on screen when input of text is required are known as virtual keyboards
True
True or false starting a computer when it is powered off is called a warm boot
False
True or false brightness ratio is the difference in light intensity between brightest black produced by a monitor
False
True or false the area that holds all of the instructions the computer needs to start up is the RAM
False
True or false today’s CPUs ran at speeds measured kilohertz
False
Holds start up instructions needed when the computer is powered on
ROM
Stores programs and data the computer is currently using
RAM
Processes commands issued by software instructions
CPU
More energy efficient than LCD monitors
LED
Standard keyboard layout
QWERTY
Represents a fact, figure, or idea
data
Turning data into information
Processing
Data organized in a meaningful way
Information
Computer programs
Software
Physical components of a computer
Hardware
Largest to smallest bytes
Kilobyte
Megabyte
Gigabyte
Terabyte
Petabyte
Used to enter data
Input device
External device that exchanges data with the computer through ports
Peripheral device
Displays processed data
Output device
Main circuit board containing the central electronic components of a computer
Motherboard
Case that houses the electronic components, power source, and storage devices of a desktop computer
System Unit
Tiny dot that creates an image on the computer monitor
Pixel
Unit of measure ofr processor speed
Hertz
0 or 1
bit
Measurement of printing speed
PPM
Measurement of printer resolution
DPI
x

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