Chaco Canyon Essay, Research Paper
Writers Remarks: ABOUT THE ANASAZI INDIANS
Teachers Remarks: Well WRITTEN
jim barry 11/4/96
The Anasazi, who were named by the Navajos, knew how to chart the
seasons by detecting the sky. The biggest enigma of Chaco Canyon is why the
Anasazidecided to go forth the place that they had built over so many old ages. the
that is rather interesting is that they were able to build such a
brilliant piece of
architecture without the usage of metal tools or any devices with wheels.
Chimney Rock is located about 20 stat mis west of Pagosa Springs, Colorado. The
building is composed chiefly of sandstone which was laid at that place more than
old ages ago. The territory that Chimney Rock is located in consists of 6.12
square stat mis, has
91 identified countries with a sum of 217 different constructions.
Most of these countries were grouped into 7 communities that are located at
topographic points within the territory. The Anasazi Indians lived in the Piedra Valley
get downing about
the tine of Christ. Most of them lives at lower lifts near the Fieldss
and they farmed
along the H2O beds, but some moved up onto the higher parts of Chimney Rock
around 925 A.D. They may hold moved higher to avoid the cold sink consequence that
lower countries colder in the winter, or they may hold moved higher to use
winter snow as
a H2O beginning. Still, most of the Fieldss they planted in spring were along
on the floor of the vale or on patios in the vales above the river. At
the people grew maize and beams, but no squash. Although squash was a pillar
people in other countries, the turning season was likely excessively short in this
part for squash
to maturate before it was killed by hoar.
The population of Chimney Rock is estimated to hold been between 1200 and
2000 people. The local Anasazi built in the Northern San Juan Style, each
extended household constructing its ain place. The masonry was similar to that in the
at Mesa Verde.
Great kivas were built in about every major Anasazi site between 900 and
A.D. One of the several great kivas at Chimney Rock has been excavated. These
constructions likely served for community assemblages and rites. Fourteen
Chamberss, were found in the floor of this Great Kiva, presumptively for the
ceremonial gear. Although this Great Kiva has some alone characteristics,
was built harmonizing to a general program used by all the Anasazi.
Ninety stat mis to the South, some of the Anasazi were making a new sort of
in Chaco Canyon. Alternatively of the scattered type of homes found in most
communities at that clip, the people at Chaco were constructing Pueblo or great
is Pueblo Bonito. They besides created more than 400 stat mis of roads taking to
colonies, or settlements. Chaco seems to hold been a focal point in the
turquoise from many countries of the Southwest with the civilisations in Central
In 1076 the Chacoans built a great house on Chimney Rock Mesa. Their Pueblo
was high above the others, the highest Anasazi colony known anyplace, and
northeastern of the sites colonized by the Chacoans. Some Chacoan settlements
have been built in places where they could see the fires of other settlements
at dark, or,
possibly, send signals to each other.
The people of Taos Pueblo in New Mexico claim Chimney Rock as one of their
hereditary places and say that the two stones pinnacles are a shrine to the Twin
The Anasazi were interested in calendrical uranology as a means to state when
to works their
harvests. Religious ceremonials were related to motions of Sun, Moon and sta
celestial spheres, merely as the same motions as alterations of seasons determined their
Chimney Rock they found a natural lunar observatory. Every 18 old ages the full
between the two pinnacles as viewed from the small town. This occurs at the clip
deadlock, the clip when the Moon rises at its furthest point North of E.
Pueblo at Chimney Rock may hold been a prehistoric research institute,
similar in portion to
Stonehenge in Great Britain.
Dr. Frank Eddy, who has excavated some Chimney Rock sites, feels that the
settlers who moved here may hold been priests, all male, because they
masculine endowments with them ; for illustration, the manner of masonry, a adult male? s
undertaking, is clearly
Chacoan. However, the occupants of Chimney Rock did non bring forth typical
clayware, a adult female? s business.
Replica of pots found at Chimney Rock Produced by Clint Swink, a local
who specializes in doing transcripts of Anasazi clayware, show a Chacoan manner
pot, turn outing
that there was ongoing trade between the two societal centres. Other artefacts
Chaco Canyon but made at Chimney Rock Reinforce the trade and cultural links.
Evidence that the Chacoan Pueblo was planned and built as a whole is shown by
the uninterrupted rear wall. The masonry was laid down on bedrock, taking
to believe that the rocks and the soil used for the clay howitzer were hauled
up from below.
The Chacoans stayed at Chimney Rock for merely about 50 old ages. Their Pueblo was
abandoned no later than 1125 A.D. It is thought that the other occupants
part at about the same clip. Both the Pueblo and the small town edifices were
about the same clip. Chaco Canyon itself was abandoned over a period of old ages
1130 and 1150 A.D.
The Anasazi moved often when local resources became depleted. Even the
stupefying cliff homes at Mesa Verde were occupied for less than a century.
the cause of their abandoning the full Colorado Plateau was likely due to
drouth that occurred between 1276 and 1299. When the rains failed to come,
agribusiness faltered and they were forced to go forth. The Anasazi must hold
The former dwellers of Chimney Rock may hold moved to the Rio Grande
country to fall in the Taos Pueblo, or they may hold been one of the groups that
reoccupied Chacoan shade towns. For illustration, the ruins at Aztec, New Mexico
built by people from Chaco about 1100, abandoned by 1150, but reoccupied and
remodeled by Northern San Juan Anasazis from 1200 to about 1300 A.D. Some
interesting grounds late discovered by Dr. Kim Malville at Mesa Verde
that some Chimney Rock Anasazi moved at that place after go forthing their places below
Today Chimney Rock is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. It was made a
National Historic Site in 1970. In 1987 afire sentinel tower that had been
the 1950? s was rebuilt. The tower provides a point of view comparable to the
one that the
Chacoans must hold had from the top of their two-storied Pueblo. Ranger-led
the lone manner to make the ruins. The country is closed except for Tourss to
continue the delicate
constructions and to protect critical wildlife home ground.
Visitors from all parts of the state and across the universe are intrigued by
archeological enigmas of Chimney Rock. Particular occasions, such as the
house or a moonrise talk by Dr. Kin Malville, who originated the theory of
of the lunar deadlock at Chimney Rock, attract late crowds.
Many see Chimney Rock the most dramatic of all the Anasazi sites, and
the magnificant architecture and ruins, who would reason that?
Greer, William W. Chaco Canyon. Johnson Books 1995.
Boulder, Colorado 80302