Sample tested is 10 individuals comprised mainly of close friends and family. SAMPLE DEMOGRAPHY: All interviewed individuals are classified among the medium class, from both genders, with different marital status ranging between married with children as well as singles, housewives as well as working and fresh graduates. First, we identified Egypt national culture as per Hypotheses model before 2011 Revolution. Based on which, we identified the main pillars for measuring national culture. Followed by designing a survey questionnaire to identify and access changes on national culture after the revolution.
The survey questionnaire was extracted mainly from the ‘WORLD VALUES SURVEY 2010-2011 Revised October 2011″ with minor additions from my part. The survey was completed by the sample. The summary results AT ten survey were enumerate changes in culture. SUMMARY RESULTS:- Power Distance EAI to measure Ana Eden Egypt scores high on this dimension (score of 70) which meaner that less powerful members of institutions and organizations expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. People accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further Justification.
Hierarchy in an organization is seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular, subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat The results of our survey identified a major change in this dimension after the revolution to be less power distance. Some elements of this dimension changed dramatically while others did not and only showed a slight change. 4 0 Employee [employer relationship: 80% declared that employee/employer allegations showed no change after the revolution, while only 20% declared existence of less obedience and more disrespectful attitude. Social hierarchy – relationship with elder:- A noticeable change took place. Where power distance due to age is no longer accepted. Although between 60% – 80% believe that elder position in the society with regard to respect is unchanged and 80% believe they don’t get their enough pension shares from the government, YET 80% believe that elder Pl should be out of the political court and leave it to young generations and 50% believe that they should even be replaced in organizations by monger generations.
Although 60% believe that Pl over 60 are received as competent, yet 40% believe they are old fashioned and they don’t seek change, thus more than 40% believe that even if both young and elder hold same qualifications, preferences should be given to younger generation. In addition, the survey revealed that PL in 20+ and 40+ are occupying a higher social rank after 2011 than before 2011 revolution. 0 Inequality of wealth: A noticeable change took place. Regardless whether based on objective factors or not, PL are showing low power distance tolerance for unequal distribution of wealth.
From one side, PL seek social equality where 70-80% of Pl agree that gob should tax the rich to give the poor and/or even prevent subsidies on rich Pl. 60% are in favor of providing unemployment aid to youth while 80% are in favor of setting minimum salary wage to ensure PL welfare and 60% towards setting maximum salary level. In addition, though the survey revealed the call for young generation to rule, yet 80% of PL still calling for more pensions and social equality towards elder Pl. The survey also reported a new change related to violence against others and racist behavior against different income levels or authority levels. Inequality of power: A noticeable change took place. Despite the fact that 70% declared the irrelevancy of politics in their life and DO NOT see the importance of democracy on country’s economic development and/ or on their standard of living, yet the dictatorial pattern is no longer acceptable or tolerated even from a religious leader. 80% believe that PL should choose their leaders in transparent elections, and though they should obey their leaders, yet 70% believe that in case dissatisfied with their performance, PL should be free to force traders clown. O rater 2011, power Is now Tortures as Electrolytes equally Detente the regime and the PL or even more in hand of PL as opposed to totally in hand of the regime before 2011. In general, 60% of PL agreed that there is current prejudice against high/above average income and 100% agreed that a new attitude is developed that is disrespecting the sanctity of pulp’s money ,blood and honor either because of differences in political opinions and/or power distance In conclusion, we believe that Egypt is becoming less Power Distance country than before. Individualism According to Hypotheses study, Egypt, scores 25, thus is considered a collectivist society. This is manifest in a close long-term commitment to the member ‘group’, be that a family, extended family, or extended relationships. Loyalty in a collectivist culture is paramount, and over-rides most other societal rules and regulations. The society fosters strong relationships where everyone takes responsibility for fellow members of their group.
In collectivist societies offense leads to shame and loss of face, employer/employee relationships are perceived in moral terms (like a family ink), hiring and promotion decisions take account of the employee’s in-group, management is the management of groups. The results of our survey identified NO major change in this dimension. 0 Still 100% value family and 80% value friends. 0 Still in general, connections and networking are highly valued. Not in sense of what so called “Waste” but more in sense of “referrals” and “trusted word of mouth”, especially that Job opening announcements are always limited to specific networks. A change took place in connection with relationship with oppositions. Before 2011, ileitis was not of a major concern to any family. It was seldom to disconnect with Pl as a result of their believes and/or political views especially your friends and family. The survey revealed a change in this aspect after 2011 , though slight not major change, 30% declared that they now categorize Pl in their networks based on political views and affiliations and 30% declared that they have either blocked or been blocked by their friends/family for difference in political point of views.
The main change here is that politics and religion affiliations was able now to penetrates he family and friends bonds. In conclusion, we believe that a change took place, yet it is not a major change based on the %g’s indicated above. Masculinity / Femininity According to Hypotheses study, Egypt scores 45 on this dimension and is thus considered a relatively feminine society. In feminine countries the focus is on “working in order to live”, managers strive for consensus, people value equality, solidarity and quality in their working lives. Conflicts are resolved by compromise and negotiation.
Incentives such as free time and flexibility are favored. Focus is on well- being, status is not shown. An effective manager is a supportive one, and decision making is achieved through involvement. 6 The results of our survey identified NO major change in this dimension. Despite of maintaining some masculine traits mainly in connection with work, independence and aggressive attitude, yet scores for feminine dimension are still high. We can conclude Tanat ten score snouts De around winner Don traits are equal Ana no one is totally dominant.