Using a steel fromework with masonary sheathing, the _____, designed by Louis Sullivan, is thought by many to be the first genuinely modern building
Wainwright Building
Two factors that decide the success of any structural system are
weight and tensile strength
Stacking and piling is another term for
load-bearing construction
Langston Hughes Library was designed by
Maya Lin
The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles are known as the
Greek orders
They Byodo-in, in Kyoto, Japan is an elegant example of
post-and-lintel architecture
The ability of a material to span horizontal distances with a minimum of support is called
tensile strength
Built almost 2000 years ago, the _____ is an enduring testament to the Roman use of the arch
Pont du Gard at Nimes
Built for the World’s Fair in 1889, the _____ was an early experiment in iron construction
Eiffel Tower
_____ is most famous for his design of the geodesic dome
Buckminster Fuller
The International Style emphasizes
All of the above
The design for the East Building of the National Fallery, uses the same material as the West Building, but _____ created the bold shapes of a modernist exterior for his contrasting yet compatible building
M. Pei
A _____ is a horizontal form supported at only one end
cantilever
_____ rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called a dome
an arch
When a large hall is built using post-and lintel construction methods, the resulting “virtual forest of columns” is called a
hypostyle hall
The two basic families of structural systems in architecture are
the shell and the skeleton and skin
The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian styles of columns were developed by the Ancient Greeks in the _____ centuries BCE respectively
7th. 6th, and 4th
According to the author, a _____ is actually an arch extended in depth, as if there are “many arches placed flush one behind the other
barrel vault
Builders of Gothic cathedrals reinforced the walls of their architecture from the outside with
both a & c
piers and flying buttresses
According to Frank Gehry, the forms of his Guggenheim Museum in Bibao, Spain, unfold like an
great “metal flower”
The physical stability of a building depends on the _____ of its architecture
structural system
Gustave Eiffel’s famous tower in Paris, France, was constructed of
iron
To distribute the weight of its roof onto its posts, the Byodo-in Temple in Kyoto, Japan, utilizes
bracket sets
The simplest building-construction system is the _____ structure
post-and-lintel
Compared to the post-and-lintel, an arch has the advantage of
All these answers are correct
An arch rotated 360 degrees on its axis is called
a dome
As seen in Hagia Sophia, the transitional section between the dome and the rectangular base is a
pendentive
The use of steel-frame construction and the elevator made possible what type of architecture
the skyscraper
In 1947, R. Buckminster Fuller patented the design that he is still best known for today, the
geodesic dome
There are two main systems of structural support in architecture, skeleton and skin and
shell
Skeleton and skin construction can be observed in
skyscrapers
Structural systems must take two factors into account: tensile strength and
weight
The Parthenon is an example of a building constructed using the _____ system and the _____ order
post and lintel / Doric
The _____ order has a capital of
Corinthian / a canthus leaves
The arch differs from post and lintel construction in that it
can cover quite large spaces
Round arches were used for ______ churches; pointed arches were used for _____ churches
Romanesque / Gothic
Probably the most famous example of a dome on pendentives is the
Hagia Sophia
_____ iron framework supporting a glass skin was the forerunner of modern skyscrapers
Paxton’s
The Industrial Revolution introduced the all-important
nail
Skyscrapers wouldn’t have been feasible without the concurrent invention of
elevators
The Rock-and_Roll Hall of Fame was designed by
Pei
Postmodern buildings are usually characterized by
curves and decorative details
The Chrysler Building is done in the style called
Art Deco
The Wright-designed house “fallingwater” makes use of the technique called
cantilever
Although he was not trained as an architect, Thomas Jefferson designed the arvhitecture and overall layout for
the University of Virginia
The Chapel Notre-Dame-du-Haut in Ronchamp was designed by
Le Corbusier
x

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