Which bone is NOT considered to be part of the cranium?

A. Sphenoid bone
B. Occipital bone
C. Lacrimal bone
D. Ethmoid bone

C. Lacrimal bone
Identify the suture found between the 2 parietal bones.

A. Squamosal suture
B. Coronal suture
C. Lamdoidal suture
D. Sagittal suture

D. Sagittal suture
Which of the following bones is unpaired?

A. Zygomatic
B. Parietal
C. Temporal
D. Frontal

D. Frontal
Which cranial bone spans the width of the cranial floor?

A. Ethmoid
B. Occipital
C. Temporal
D. Sphenoid

D. Sphenoid
Which of the following bones do not contain a sinus?

A. Nasal
B. Maxillary
C. Frontal
D. Sphenoid

A. Nasal
Which bones are joined at the coronal suture?

A. The parietal bone and the temporal bone
B. The frontal bone and the parietal and temporal bones
C. The frontal bone and the sphenoid and parietal bones
D. The frontal bone and the right and left parietal bones

D. The frontal bone and the right and left parietal bones
To which cranial bone does the mandibular condyle articulate?

A. Zygomatic bone
B. Occipital bone
C. Maxilla
D. Temporal bone

D. Temporal bone
Which of the following bones does NOT form part of the orbit of the eye?

A. Frontal bone
B. Ethmoid bone
C. Nasal bone
D. Zygomatic bone

C. Nasal bone
Identify the location of the occipital bone.

A. Lateral surface of the cranium
B. Anterior surface and base of the cranium
C. Superior surface of the cranium
D. Posterior surface and base of the cranium

D. Posterior surface and base of the cranium
Name the opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes.

A. Foramen ovale
B. Hypoglossal canal
C. Foramen magnum
D. Foramen spinosum

C. Foramen magnum
Identify the area of the occipital bone that articulates with the vertebral column.

A. Mastoid processes
B. External occipital protuberances
C. Occipital condyles
D. Foramen magnum

C. Occipital condyles
Identify the occipital bone landmark that can not be palpated from the surface of the head.

A. Occipital condyles
B. Mastoid process
C. External occipital protuberance
D. Superior nuchal line

A. Occipital condyles
Identify the large suture on the posterior surface of the skull at the border of the occipital bone.

A. Coronal
B. Lambdoid
C. Squamous
D. Sagittal

B. Lambdoid
Identify the region of the temporal bone that forms part of the zygomatic arch.

A. Temporal process
B. Zygomatic process
C. Mastoid process
D. Styloid process

B. Zygomatic process
Identify the region of the temporal bone that articulates with the lower jaw.

A. Mastoid process
B. Mandibular fossa
C. Mandibular condyle
D. Zygomatic arch

B. Mandibular fossa
Identify the hole that marks the opening of the ear canal on the superficial surface of the skull.

A. Internal auditory meatus
B. Mandibular fossa
C. Styloid process
D. External auditory meatus

D. External auditory meatus
Identify the bone that articulates superiorly with the temporal bone.

A. Occipital bone
B. Sphenoid bone
C. Parietal bone
D. Frontal bone

C. Parietal bone
Identify the landmark on the temporal bone that is a pointy spine.

A. Mastoid process
B. Temporal process
C. Styloid process
D. Zygomatic process

C. Styloid process
Identify the location of the sphenoid bone.

A. Anterior portion of the cranium
B. Face
C. Floor of the skull
D. Lateral walls of the nasal cavity

C. Floor of the skull
dentify the region of the sphenoid bone in contact with the pituitary gland.

A. Cribriform plate
B. Sella turcica
C. Greater wings
D. Lesser wings

B. Sella turcica
Identify the region of the sphenoid bone that contains the optic canal.

A. Sella turcica
B. Cribriform plate
C. Lesser wings
D. Greater wings

C. Lesser wings
Which of the following foramen convey a branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN V)?

A. Foramen lacerum
B. Foramen rotundum
C. Optic foramen
D. Foramen spinosum

B. Foramen rotundum
The sella turcica is best described as:

A. An elevation
B. A hole
C. A depression
D. A projection

C. A depression
The sphenoid bone contains a sinus.

False
True

True
Identify the location of the ethmoid bone.

The superior portion of the skull
In between the orbits
The lateral surface of the skull
The floor of the skull

In between the orbits
Identify the landmark that serves as a site of attachment for the meninges.

Vomer
Crista galli
Perpendicular plate
Cribriform plate

Crista galli
Identify the cranial nerve that passes through the olfactory foramina.

The optic nerve (CN II)
The olfactory nerve (CN I)
The abducens nerve (CN VI)
The oculomotor nerve (CN III)

The olfactory nerve (CN I)
Identify the recessed area surrounding the crista galli.

Glenoid fossa
Cribriform plates
Sella turcica
Horizontal plate

Cribriform plates
Identify the primary function of the ethmoidal sinuses.

Conduct air through the nasal cavity
Produce mucus
Convey blood vessels into the nasal cavity
Reduce the weight of the skull

Reduce the weight of the skull
Which part of the ethmoid bone forms the nasal septum?

Cribriform plates
Perpendicular plate
Crista galli
Vomer

Perpendicular plate
The ethmoid bone is a facial bone.

True
False

False
The ethmoid bone contains sinuses.

False
True

True
The ethmoid bone forms the inferior portion of the nasal septum.

False
True

False
The ethmoid bone is part of the axial skeleton.

True
False

True
Which of the following bones is not a facial bone?

Zygomatic
Maxillary
Ethmoid
Inferior nasal concha

Ethmoid
Which of the following facial bones contain a sinus?

Inferior nasal concha
Zygomatic
Maxillary
Nasal

Maxillary
Which facial bones makeup the central portion of the bridge of the nose?

Nasal
Maxillary
Lacrimal
Zygomatic

Nasal
What is the anatomical name for the facial bones known as “cheekbones”?

Zygomatic bones
Lacrimal bones
Maxillary bones
Nasal bones

Zygomatic bones
Which facial bones fuse to form the upper jaw?

Lacrimal
Nasal
Maxillary
Zygomatic

Maxiallry
Identify the small facial bones found in the medial wall of the orbit.

Palatine
Lacrimal
Zygomatic
Inferior nasal concha

Lacrimal
Which region of the mandible articulates with the cranium?

Mandibular condyle
Mandibular fossa
Mandibular notch
Coronoid process

Mandibular condyle
Identify the skull bone that can move independent of head movement.

Zygomatic bone
Mandible
Maxilla
Nasal bone

Mandible
Identify the part of the mandible that serves as a site of attachment for the temporalis muscle.

Mandibular condyle
Coracoid process
Mandibular notch
Coronoid process

Coronoid process
Name the U shaped border found between the mandibular condyle and the coronoid process.

Mandibular notch
Mandibular symphysis
Mandibular body
Mandibular angle

Mandibular notch
The mandible is not responsible for:

Structure of the lower jaw
Chewing food
Structure of the palate
Structure of the chin

Structure of the palate
Identify the general location of the zygomatic arch.

Bridge of the nose
Orbit
Cheek
Lower jaw

Cheek
Identify the 2 bones that make up the zygomatic arch.

Zygomatic bone and frontal bone
Zygomatic bone and temporal bone
Zygomatic bone and maxillary bone
Temporal bone and nasal bone

Zygomatic bone and temporal bone
Identify the region on the temporal bone that forms much of the zygomatic arch.

Mastoid process
Zygomatic process
Temporal process
Styloid process

Zygomatic process
Identify the region on the zygomatic bone that forms part of the zygomatic arch.

Temporal process
Styloid process
Mastoid process
Zygomatic process

Temporal process
Which of the following categories is the best fit for the zygomatic arch?

Appendicular
Cranial
Facial
Vertebral

Facial
Identify the region of the mandible that forms part of the temporomandibular joint.

Mandibular notch
Coronoid process
Mandibular condyle
Mandibular fossa

Mandibular condyle
Identify the region of the temporal bone that articulates with the mandible.

Mandibular notch
Mandibular fossa
Styloid process
Mandibular condyle

Mandibular fossa
Identify the best description of the mandibular fossa.

A slight elevation
A projection
A shallow depression
An opening

A shallow depression
Identify the best description of the mandibular condyle.

A projection on the mandible
A depression on the temporal bone
A depression on the mandible
A projection on the temporal bone

A projection on the mandible
Where is the mandibular fossa located?

Inferior surface of the zygomatic process
Posterior to the external auditory meatus
Medial to the styloid process
Inferior to the mastoid process

Inferior surface of the zygomatic process
The nasal septum occupies which anatomic plane?

Sagittal
Transverse
Frontal
Oblique

Sagittal
Identify the part of the ethmoid bone that contributes to the nasal septum.

Cribriform plate
Superior nasal concha
Perpendicular plate
Crista galli

Perpendicular plate
Which bone forms the inferior portion of the nasal septum?

Vomer
Ethmoid
Nasal
Inferior nasal concha

Vomer
What part of the nasal cavity is formed by the nasal septum?

Forms the medial wall of the nasal cavity.
Forms the floor of the nasal cavity.
Forms the lateral wall of the nasal cavity.
Forms the roof of the nasal cavity.

Forms the medial wall of the nasal cavity.
How many bones make up the nasal septum?

3
1
2
4

2
A septoplasty often corrects a deviated septum, but like all procedures, may not correct all problems. As an ear, nose, and throat specialist doing a septoplasty on someone with recurrent bouts of sinus infections, you might warn the patient of which of the following complications?

Difficulty breathing out of one or both nostrils.
Recurrent infections.
The nose may be bent to one side.
All of the listed responses are correct

All of the listed responses are correct
Which surface of the maxillary bones fuse together?

Lateral
Superior
Inferior
Medial

Medial
Which part of the maxillary bones form the roof of the mouth?

Palatine processes
Alveolar margins
Palatine bones
Frontal processes

Palatine processes
Identify the small hole on the maxillary bone located below the orbit.

Maxillary sinus
Infraorbital foramen
Inferior orbital fissure
Palatine process

Infraorbital foramen
Identify the posterior most region of the hard palate.

Palatine process
Sphenoid
Vomer
Palatine bone

Palatine bone
Which of the following locations is not formed by part of the maxillae?

Orbit
Upper jaw
Nasal septum
Hard palate

Nasal septum
What is the name of the first cervical vertebra?

Atlas
Occipital condyles
Superior articular process
Axis

Atlas
What is the name of the second cervical vertebra?

Axis
Dens
Atlas
Vertebra prominens

Axis
Identify the articulation site that allows us to nod our head “yes”.

Atlas – axis
Occipital bone – axis
Occipital bone – atlas
Occipital bone – C2

Occipital bone – atlas
Identify the articulation site that allows us to rotate our head, e.g. shaking the head “no”.

Occipital bone – atlas
Occipital bone – axis
Atlas – axis
Axis – C3

Atlas – axis
Identify the region of the skull that articulates with the atlas.

Occipital condyles
Superior articular facets
Foramen magnum
Mastoid processes

Occipital condyles
Identify the major weight bearing part of a vertebra.

Body
Lamina
Vertebral foramen
Transverse process

Body
Name the vertebral projection found in a median plane.

Inferior articular process
Spinous process
Superior articular process
Transverse process

Spinous process
Individual vertebrae articulate with each other forming the vertebral column. Identify the part of a vertebra that articulates immediately with the vertebra below it.

Spinous process
Inferior articular processes
Superior articular processes
Transverse processes

Inferior articular processes
Which of the following structures would not be found within a vertebral foramen?

Spinal cord
Dura mater
Spinal nerve roots
Intervertebral discs

Intervertebral discs
Identify a lateral projection of a vertebra.

Lamina
Superior articular process
Spinous process
Transverse process

Transverse process
Which region of the vertebral column is located superior to the thoracic region and which region is inferior to the thoracic region, respectively?

Superiorly: cervical and inferiorly: lumbar
Superiorly: lumbar and inferiorly: coccyx
Superiorly: cervical and inferiorly: sacrum
Superiorly: lumbar and inferiorly: cervical

Superiorly: cervical and inferiorly: lumbar
How many vertebrae comprise the thoracic region of the spine?

5
1
7
12

12
Identify the articulation site for the head of a rib.

Pedicle
Lamina
Transverse costal facet
Demi-facet

Demi-facet
Which of the following thoracic vertebrae is the largest?

T12
T5
T7
T1

T12
Identify the articulation site for a tubercle of a rib.

Inferior articular facet
Demi-facet
Transverse costal facet
Superior articular facet

Transverse costal facet
How many lumbar vertebrae are in the vertebral column?

4
7
12
5

5
Which of the following characteristics do not belong to the lumbar region?

Large size overall
Blunt spinous process
Elongated spinous process
Bulky centrum

Elongated spinous process
Which region of the vertebral column is immediately superior to the lumbar region?

Thoracic
Cervical
Sacral
Coccygeal

Thoracic
Which region of the vertebral column is immediately inferior to the lumbar region?

Coccygeal
Cervical
Thoracic
Sacral

Sacral
The shape of the spinous process can be used to help determine if a vertebra is from the lumbar region.

True
False

True
The lumbar vertebrae are roughly the same size as vertebrae from the rest of the vertebral column.

False
True

False
The lumbar vertebrae are found in the lower back.

False
True

True
The lumbar vertebrae are part of the appendicular skeleton.

True
False

False
The best treatment for a herniated disc is preventing it in the first place. While there is no foolproof prevention plan, one might minimize the risks by___________.

exercising the back to keep the muscles strong
keeping the back straight when lifting, and lifting with one’s legs
avoiding sudden lifting movements
All of the listed responses are correct.

All of the listed responses are correct.
How many pairs of ribs articulate directly with the sternum?

12
5
7
8

7
How many ribs are considered false ribs?

7
8
5
12

5
How many ribs make up the rib cage?

8
10
12
24

24
Identify the part of a rib that articulates in the demi-facets of the thoracic vertebra.

Tubercle
Tuberosity
Head
Neck

Head
Identify the region of a rib that articulates with the transverse process of a vertebra.

Tubercle
Neck
Shaft
Head

Tubercle
Identify the shield shaped top of the sternum.

Xiphoid Process
Gladiolus
Body
Manubrium

Manubrium
Name the type of connective tissue that anchors the ribs onto the sternum.

Dense regular connective tissue
Hyaline cartilage
Fibrocartilage
Elastic cartilage

Hyaline cartilage
Identify the central portion of the sternum.

Manubrium
Xiphoid Process
Soma
Body

Body
What part of the sternum is palpated prior to giving CPR?

Body
Xiphoid Process
Manubrium
Sternal angle

Xiphoid Process
How many pairs of ribs articulate directly with the sternum?

7
8
12
5

7
The __________ bone of the axial skeleton does not articulate directly with any other bone(s).
hyoid
Sutural bones frequently develop within the __________ suture
lambdoid
Which of the following statements is true regarding the maxillae, frontal, ethmoid, and sphenoid bones? They all __________.

have articulations only with each other
contain paranasal sinuses
contain foramina for passage of a branch of cranial nerve V (trigeminal nerve)
contain mucus-filled spaces, lined by mucous membrane
cool and dry inhaled air

contain paranasal sinuses
Why are the maxillae considered the “keystone” bones of the face?

They are the most important bones of the face because they house the maxillary teeth.
They are shaped like a key.
They articulate with all facial bones except the mandible.
They are the only facial bones that articulate with the mandible.
All of the listed responses are correct.

They articulate with all facial bones except the mandible.
The anterior part of the hard palate is formed by the __________ bones
maxilla
The mandibular condyle __________.

is the line of fusion between the two halves of the mandible
is the opening through which the alveolar nerve passes
is the site of insertion for the temporalis muscle
articulates with the temporal bone to form the temporomandibular joint
is the opening through which blood vessels and nerves to the lower lip and skin of the chin pass

articulates with the temporal bone to form the temporomandibular joint
Why is the sphenoid bone considered the “keystone” of the cranium?

It articulates with every other cranial bone.
It is the bone with the sella turcica, which looks like a keyhole.
It contains more foramina than any other bone.
It is shaped like a key.
The greater and lesser wings form a wedge shape that articulates with all facial bones.

It articulates with every other cranial bone.
The bulk of the cranial vault is formed by the __________ bone(s).

sphenoid
frontal
parietal
temporal

parietal
Which part of the sphenoid bone houses the pituitary gland?

the cribriform plate
the “seat” of the sella turcica
the foramen ovale
the lesser wings

the “seat” of the sella turcica
What is the importance of the four normal curvatures of the vertebral column?

The curvatures position the weight of the upper body over the lower limbs.
The curvatures allow the vertebral column to flex like a spring.
The curvatures allow a person to be their normal height.
The curvatures allow the ligaments of the spine to remain taut.

The curvatures allow the vertebral column to flex like a spring.
The cervical and lumbar curvatures of the spine are the __________ curvatures
secondary
The articulation of which structures enables the head to be shaken from side to side (that is, to indicate “no”)?

occipital condyles and superior articular facets of the atlas vertebra
superior articular facets of the atlas vertebra and the dens of the axis vertebra
the dens of the axis plus the atlas
superior and inferior articular facets of cervical vertebrae 3-7

the dens of the axis plus the atlas
The xiphoid process fuses with the body of the sternum at the __________.

jugular notch
first and second ribs
clavicular notches
xiphisternal joint
sternal angle

xiphisternal joint
The jugular notch lies at the level of the __________.

ninth thoracic vertebra
seventh cervical vertebra
disc between the fourth and fifth thoracic vertebrae
disc between the second and third thoracic vertebrae

disc between the second and third thoracic vertebrae
Which ribs are considered false ribs?
ribs 8-12
Ribs 1-7 attach to the sternum directly by costal cartilage and are called __________ ribs.
true
Why are the inferior two pairs of ribs considered floating ribs?

They are absent in some people, thus the inferior two ribs are “floating” in number.
They are not attached to any bony structure.
They attach indirectly to the sternum by way of the costal cartilage above it.
They have no anterior attachment.

They have no anterior attachment.
Lordosis may result from __________.

narrowing of the vertebral canal in the lumbar region
failure of the fontanelles to close at the appropriate time
abnormally structured vertebrae
spinal fractures due to osteoporosis
lower limbs of unequal length
carrying a large load in front

carrying a large load in front
x

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