Synovial fluid is a viscous material that is derived by filtration from blood.
True
Maggie is a 28-year-old Caucasian woman who has newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA). She complains of painful, stiff hands and feet, feeling tired all the time, and reports an intermittent low-grade fever. She asks the nurse if she is going to be “crippled.” How should the nurse respond?
RA is a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disorder. Inflammation occurs in the joint, and the fluid that accumulates causes swelling, stiffness, impairment of joint movement, and extreme pain.
The shoulder and hip are examples of ________.
ball-and-socket joints
Fibrous joints are classified as ________.
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
Using the structural classification, what type of joint is the epiphyseal plate?
cartilaginous joint
Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?
Synchondroses
Which of the following statements defines synchondroses?
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
Supination is the movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior..
True
The major role of ligaments at synovial joints is to help direct movement and restrict undesirable movement.
True
Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to joint stability?
amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity
When a person makes a pinching motion with their thumb and forefinger they are performing a movement called ________.
oppposition
Which of the following are cartilaginous joints?
Synchondroses
The gliding motion of the wrist uses ________ joints.
plane
Which of the following is a true statement?
The anular ligament surrounds the head of the radius.
The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.
prevent hyperextension of the knee
Which ligament of the knee initates the knee-jerk reflex when tapped?
the patellar ligament
In a sprain, the ________ of a joint are stretched or torn.
ligaments
Which of the following does NOT represent a structural classification of joints?
diarthrosis
The articular surfaces of synovial joints play a minimal role in joint stability.
True
Pointing the toes is an example of ________.
plantar flexion
Which of the following is a correct statement about development of joints?
Joints develop in parallel with bones.
Which of the following is not a part of the synovial joint?
tendon sheath
In the clasification of joints, which of the following is true?
All synovial joints are freely movable.
Which of the following is CORRECTLY paired?
multiaxial movement: movement in all three planes and around all three axes
A fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket is called a ________ joint.
gomphosis
Articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement are ________.
amphiarthroses
Synarthrotic joints ________.
permit essentially no movement
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with ________.
hyaline cartilage
What is moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane called?
abduction
Pronation is a much stronger movement than supination.
False
The cruciate ligaments of the knee ________.
prevent hyperextension of the knee
Fluid-filled fibrous sacs lined with a synovial membrane and occurring where ligaments, muscles, and tendons rub together are called ________.
bursae
What is the most important stabilizing factor for most synovial joints?
muscle tone
Which movement increases the angle between articulating bones?
extension
If a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is not properly repaired, the consequences could include the inability to prevent ________.
forward sliding of the tibia on the femur
Moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space is called circumduction.
True
All joints permit some degree of movement, even if very slight.
False
A person who has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis would be suffering loss of the synovial fluids.
False
Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on ________.
the shape of their articular surfaces
Which of the following refers to a joint that is immovable?
synarthrosis
Supination is the movement of the forearm in which the palm of the hand is turned from posterior to anterior..
True
Which type of movement occurs at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints?
gliding movement
Which of the following is CORRECTLY matched?
osteoarthritis: chronic degenerative joint disease
Which ligament would one tap to generate the knee-jerk reflex?
patellar ligamend: connects patella to the tibia
The origin of a muscle is attached to the movable bone.
False
Which of the following is not a factor that contributes to keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact?
number of bones in the joint
Synovial fluid contains phagocytic cells that protect the cavity from invasion by microbes or other debris.
True
An example of an interosseus fibrous joint is ________.
the radius and ulna along its length
The hip joint is a good example of a(n) ________ synovial joint.
multiaxial
The only movement allowed between the first two cervical vertebrae is flexion.
False
Synarthrotic joints ________.
permit essentially no movement
A ball-and-socket joint is a multiaxial joint.
True
Extension is an example of a(n) ________ movement.
angular
Which of the following is a true statement regarding gliding movements?
Gliding movements occur at the intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
Which inflammatory joint disease is caused by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer?
lyme disease
Bending of the tip of the finger exhibits flexion.
True
What are menisci?
semilunar cartilage pads
Tendon sheaths _______.
act as friction-reducing structures
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to ________.
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints
Which of the following movements does not increase or decrease the angle between bones?
rotation
Which of the following is NOT a structural feature of synovial joints?
bone ends united by fibrocartilage
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include ________.
lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing lateral or medial angular movements
People who grind their teeth are likely to damage their ________.
temporomandibular joints
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called ________.
cruciate ligaments
Which type of joint allows opposition?
saddle joint
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Identify the saddle joint of the skeleton.
carpometacarpal joint of the thumb
Which of the following movements does not increase or decrease the angle between bones?
rotation
A joint united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that usually permits a slight degree of movement is a ________.
symphysis
Which joint has sacrificed stability to provide great freedom of movement?
shoulder
Which of the following is NOT a muscle of the rotator cuff?
biceps brachii muscle
The amount of movement permitted by a particular joint is the basis for the functional classification of joints.
True
Hinge joints permit movement in only two planes.
False
The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.
feet
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee. Which of the ligaments is (are) damaged as a result?
medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate
The gripping of the trochlea by the trochlear notch constitutes the “hinge” for the elbow joint.
True
Which of the following is one difference between bursae and tendon sheaths?
Bursae are flattened fibrous sacs wedged between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths are elongated fibrous sacs that wrap around tendons.
Functional classification of joints is based on ________.
the amount of movement allowed by the joint
Synovial fluid does NOT ________.
prevent the articulating bones from dislocating
Synovial fluid is present in joint cavities of freely movable joints. Which of the following statements is true about this fluid?
It contains hyaluronic acid.
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?
hinge joint
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called ________.
bursae
Flexion of the ankle so that the superior aspect of the foot approaches the shin is called dorsiflexion.
True
Pronation is a much stronger movement than supination.
False
Tendon sheaths ________.
act as friction-reducing structures
The structural classification of joints is based on the composition of the binding material and the presence or absence of a joint cavity.
True
Which of the following statements best describes angular movements?
They change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
Which joint in the body is most susceptible to sports injuries?
knee
Which of the following statements regarding the joints between the ribs and sternum is correct?
The joints between the first ribs and sternum are synarthrotic; the joints between the other ribs and sternum are diarthrotic. This joint is labeled B in the figure.
The MAIN contributors to hip joint stability are __________.
the deep socket of the joint and strong capsular ligaments
The wrist joint can exhibit adduction and eversion movements.
False
Dislocations in the TMJ almost always dislocate posteriorly with the mandibular condyles ending up in the infratemporal fossa.
False
Which of the following are CORRECTLY paired?
synchondrosis: a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones
On the basis of structural classification, which joint is fibrous connective tissue?
syndesmosis
Symphyses are synarthrotic joints designed for strength with flexibility.
True
Joint found only in the skull
suture
Bones united by hyaline cartilage
synchondrosis
Tooth in socket
Gomphosis
Bones united by fibrocartilage
Symphysis
Most joints of the body are classified as ________ joints.
synovial
Movement at the hip joint does not have as wide a range of motion as at the shoulder joint.
True
Moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space is called circumduction.
True
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces. Identify the saddle joint of the skeleton.
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb.
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are ________.
rare because of the ligament reinforcement
A person who has been diagnosed with a sprained ankle has an injury to the ligaments that attach to that joint.
True
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of what type of joint?
hinge joint
To realign an anteriorly dislocated Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), a physician must push the mandible inferiorly and posteriorly in order to move the mandibular condyle past the temporal bone’s ________.
articular tubercle
The synovial membrane ________.
lines the inside of the fibrous joint capsule
The gliding motion of the wrist uses ________ joints.
plane
Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of ________.
hyperextension
x

Hi!
I'm Niki!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out