A good example of a Surrealist poetic object is
a. L’Enfant Carburateur by Francis Picabia
b. Bottle Dryer by Marcel Duchamp
c. The persistence of Memory by Salvador Dali
d. the Wassily chair by Marcel Breuer
e. Object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim
The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is
a. the museum of modern art in new york
b. the smithsonian institution in Washington D.C
c. the uffizi gallery in florence
d. the louvre in paris
e. the tate in london
Which art movement was directly influenced by sigmund freud’s theories of the unconscious?
a. Fauvism
b. Cubism
c. Dada
d. Surrealism
e. all of these
In their painting, the impressionists often focused on
a. scene of leisure involving the middle class
b. aristocratic pomp and splendor
c. religious subject matter depicted in everyday settings
d. symbolism and esoteric content
e. historical narratives
Eugene Delacroix was a leading practitioner of the
a. neoclassic style
b. romantic style
c. realist style
d. all of these
e. none of these
A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was
a. the abolition of slavery
b. the industrial revolution
c. the crusades
d. the sexual revolution
e. the second iconoclastic war
Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the cole des beaux-arts, you were born to_______
a. be a lawyer
b. simplify painting
c. outdo me
d. sell art, not make it
e. bring joy with your paintings
The manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century european artist to make painting a portable activity. the spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by ______ artists
a. neoclassical
b. romantic
c. bauhaus
d. impressionist
e. both neoclassical and romantic
Which of the following is an american artist?
a. Henry Ossawa Tanner
b. Thomas Eakins
c. Mary Cassatt
d. George Caleb Bingham
e. all of these
Marcek Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art form
a. the machine aesthetic
b. ready-mades
c. automatism
d. pointillism
e. instantaneous art
How did impressionism get its name?
a. it was the winning entry in a contest to name the new movement
b. one of the artists of the group invented the name to describe her own painting process, and the rest of the group adopted it
c. the group appropriated the name from the title of a recent scientific essay concerning optics and human perception
d. a critic used the term to describe the movement after seeing the painting impression sunrise and it caught on
e. the group took its name from the title of a current photography journal
Paul Cezanne’s emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of
a. ecpressionism
b. Dada
c. cubism
d. american romanticism
e. all of these
romantic art stresses
a. themes of flirtation, courtship, and marriage
b. ancient roman ideals of proportion and harmony
c. drama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions
d. clarity, stability, and precision
e. all of these
Vasili Kandinsky became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he
a. mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectral beauty
b. was no longer able to sell any of his traditional landscape paintings
c. had a near death experience in which he saw music and heard color
d. was fasting and meditating in a monastery and had a vision of the future of painting
e. none of these
Which of the following artists was a realist?
a. Jean- Auguste-Dominique Ingres
b. Eugene Delacroix
c. Gustave Courbet
d. Jacques-Louis David
e. all of these
The term post-impressionism refers to
a. a splinter group composed of just a few founding members of impressionism
b. a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of impressionism
c. a specific style of painting involving the use of tiny dots of pure color
d. the german art movement that admired and emulated impressionist art
e. the musical equivalent of impressionist painting, a late 19th century movement
Edouard Manet “borrowed” the composition of his painting Le Dejeuner sur l’herbs (luncheon on the grass) from
a. renaissance works of art
b. his friend, the painter Berthe Morisot
c. Eugene Delacroix
d. Neoclassical works
e. a popular advertisement of the day
pointillism is a technique developed by
a. Vincent van Gogh
b. claude Monte
c. Georges Seurat
d. pierre-auguste renoir
e. Pablo Picasso
If fauvisms mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, cubism initial aim was
a. to reduce the role of color to a minimum
b. to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface
c. to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints
d. all of these
e. none of these
The first art movement to be born in the 19th century was _____, which arose as a reaction against neoclassicism and romanticism
a. realism
b. impressionism
c. pointillism
d. fauvism
e. expressionism
After the russian revolution of 1917 many artists believed that only the most revolutionary art could bring about a new movement, which was called
a. dadaism
b. bauhaus
c. De Stijl
d. Constructivism
e. Cubism
________, who designed a famous armchair, was a student of the bauhaus school of design in Germany
a. Kandinsy
b. Tatlin
c. Breuer
d. De Chirico
e. Mondrian
The term New York school refers to a postwar art movement that
a. developed from graduates of the new york school
b. went mostly unnoticed by the rest of the world outside of new york
c. was a convenient way to lump together the abstract expressionists
d. completely rejected the ideas of surrealism
e. quickly moved from new york to paris
Robert Smithton’s Spiral Jetty is an example of
a. land art
b. feminist art
c. Neo-expressionism
d. performance art
e. Neo-Dada art
The term postmodern was first used in reference to a certain style in
a. happenings
b. conceptual art
c. installations
d. architecture
e. motion pictures
The women series of paintings by willem de kooning caused a stir in the art world. They were
a. provocative because of their high realism
b. loved by the public but reviled by critics
c. the result his turning away from abstract representation to nonrepresentational style
d. seen as powerless, cool, and intellectual
e. seen as shocking and brutal
The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances to
a. draw attention to new and progressive art venues
b. raise awareness about animal rights and environment issues
c. bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world
d. offer support to great art regardless of who created it
e. raise money mostly for male artists
Painting is the primary medium used by all of the following EXCEPT
a. Helen Frankenthaler
b. Alice Neel
c. Mark Rothko
d. Jackson Pollock
e. Louise Bourgeois
Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subjects matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXPCEPT
a. the relationship between image and object
b. the ability to reproduce an image
c. the impact of symbols
d. the psychological use of color
e. paradoxes
One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that art
a. historically follows an obvious progression and advocated a dominant direction
b. can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid
c. should be based on the advancement of formal discoveries
d. should focus on the future and leave the past behind
e. none of these
The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of painting
a. emphasized figures and subject matter in a strong action
b. traced the actions of the painter
c. actually moved
d. referred to political issues, calling people to action
e. depicted simple diagrams of mechanical actions
Minimalism, a grand that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of nonrepresentational and the idea that a painting or sculpture is primarily
a. an illusionistic space or window to look into
b. an expression of the energy and vitality of the artists mark
c. a statement of the artists psyche
d. a physical object
e. an expression of the sublime nature of reality
Photorealism refers to
a. a movement in photography that explores various levels of representation
b. a movement in a sculpture that uses actual objects
c. a movement in art that rejects the camera as a viable art tool
d. a movement in painting that explores the way a camera sees
e. a movement that involves documentation in film
Early conceptualists reacted to the burgeoning art market by
a. co-opting the system by flooding the market with bad art
b. bringing trash bags to art receptions and taking all the food home
c. attempting to eliminate the art object
d. emphasizing the material value of art
e. imitating the mass-produced objects of popular culture
Artist Jean-Michel basquiat
a. incorporated his interest in science and languages in his videos works
b. began as a graffiti artist
c. was mentored by andy warhol
d. presented himself as a classically trained artist
e. fooled people into thinking he had no talent
In joseph kosuth’s one and three chairs, the viewer is presented with
a. three ways of documenting an idea
b. a blank wall
c. a barrel of nails and a pile of lumber
d. three exact duplicated of a painting of a chair
e. three different styles of chairs
Anselm Kiefer was one of the most prominent neo-expressionists. his work
a. dealt directly with the trauma of germany’s past
b. explored the role of the subconscious and dream images
c. consisted of mass-produced replicas of works of other artists
d. was an exploration of flatness
e. inserted words resembling advertising slogans into public spaces
A neb-dada artist who made art from found materials and images and named his new art form coming paintings is
a. John cage
b. Robert Rauschenberg
c. Jasper Johns
d. Allan Kaprow
e. Andy Warhol
Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with happenings. his primary claim was
a. art should be a permanent physical record of an event
b. art should concentrate on its basic forms of sculpture and painting
c. artists had to have credentials and advanced training
d. that american art was not meeting the desire of the general public
e. that art was most like life itself
Appropriation contends that the meaning of a work of art
a. is determined solely by the artist
b. is of no importance
c. has no relation to other art
d. is unstable and communal
e. is fixed by art critics
A new art form known as installation
a. gives credit to the work done by installers, people who hang other peoples art
b. forces the viewer to create the art in his or her mind based on verbal description
c. has again flattened the art object to two dimensions
d. creates an environment for the viewer to enter and experience
e. predominantly focuses on film
The artistic recycling of existing images is an aspect of
a. pop art
b. conceptual art
c. postmodernism
d. feminist art
e. minimalism
One of the names most closely associated with performance art is _______, who is known for the multimedia work stories from the nerve bible
a. Cai Guo-Giang
b. Alice Neel
c. Mark Rothko
d. Kara Walker
e. Laurie Anderson
Roy Lichtenstein often based his imagery on the
a. bible
b. current popular products
c. figure
d. comic book
e. work of earlier artists

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