Which of the following is NOT a macronutrient?
All of the following are functions of water EXCEPT
providing energy for the nervous system
Mary burns 2,000 calories a day; she requires approximately how many cups of water daily?
The main provider of energy for the brain and nervous system is
Which of the following statements is TRUE about fiber?
Increases in daily fiber intake should be gradual
The main purpose of proteins is to
build and maintain body tissue
When Kristi, a vegetarian, combines foods such as beans and rice to consume the right amino acids, she is practicing
The acceptable macronutrient distributor range (AMDR) for protein is
Of the following individuals, who needs the least protein?
Christian, a 60-pound manager
Which of the following statements is true about fats in food?
fats are the principal form of stored energy in the body
Which of the following food products is highest in unsaturated fats?
The fatty acids now considered most hazardous to health are the
trans fatty acids
Most adults need only what percent of their daily calorie intake in the form of fat?
Your body needs how many essential minerals?
Which of the following statements about vitamins and minerals is FALSE?
Minerals are organic substances;vitamins are inorganic
The ability to perform daily living activities with vigor is known as
Which of the following components of fitness is most associated with speed?
All of the following are associated with physical activity EXCEPT
decreasing output of hormones
Which of the following statements about physical activity is FALSE?
Short-term exercise has been shown to significantly improve cognitive functioning
Which of the following is an example of vigorous-intensity exercise?
The American College of Sports Medicine’s recommendations for physical activity include a minimum of
75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise a week
Holly is preparing a workout plan and wants to include her target heart rate. Holly is 30 years old and wants to work out at 70 percent intensity. What would her target heart rate be?
The four components cardiorespiratory training do NOT include
Which of the following statements about the frequency of cardiorespiratory training is FALSE?
In general, it is necessary to exercise at least five times a week to obtain adaption changes in the cardiorespiratory system
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends that people exercise at a THR betwee____percent and _____percent of their maximum heart rate?
Mandy, age 25 wants to lose some weight she gained over the holiday season. Mandy’s resting heart rate is 75 and her target heart rate objective is 75 percent. Using the maximum heart rate formula, what is Mandy’s target heart rate for exercise?
Emma, a 27 year old female, begins a cardiovascular training program. To achieve the maximum benefits from exercise,how often will she need to increase the intensity and duration of her workout?
once every 2 weeks
Resistance training lends itself to all of the following health benefits EXCEPT
Pilates, one of the most popular training exercises taught in health clubs today, is most strongly associated with which type of exercise training?
Which of the following statements about flexibility and flexibility training is FALSE?
Flexibility declines steadily once a person reaches adulthood
Obesity is defined as having a body mass index of what or higher?
Overweight, a condition that is less serious than obesity, is defined as having an adult BMI between _____and ______?
John weighs 242 pounds and has a body mass index of 26; John is considered
All of the following indicate a healthy body weight EXCEPT
a weight within the common range for one’s age group
The body mass index (BMI) is used mainly to determine
how your body weight may affect your health
Of the following, who has a body fat percentage outside the range generally considered healthy?
Richard, a dentist, with 26 percent body fat
Which of the following statements about body fat percentages is true?
Some hormones cannot be produced when body fat falls below a certain threshold
All of the following are associated with low body fat levels EXCEPT
Which of the following is TRUE regarding the genetics of obesity?
Twin studies support a genetic tendency toward obesity
After puberty. a boy of healthy weight typically levels off at what percent body fat?
Which of the following statements about weight in the different phases of life is TRUE?
Girls experience an increase in body fat during puberty
A reduction in calorie intake below daily needs is
Eating disorders are most likely to develop during which stage of life?
Which of the following statements about eating disorders and puberty is FALSE?
Male body fat naturally increases during puberty in response to hormones
Which of the following statements about body fat distribution is TRUE?
Women, after menopause, experience a shift in body fat from hips and thighs to the abdomen
Abdominal fat is considered a greater threat to health than hip-and-thigh fat because abdominal fat
more easily enters the bloodstream
Barbara is beginning to experience menopause;her fat distribution will most likely
shift from her hips and thighs to her abdomen
Obese people are how many more times likely as healthy people to die before reaching their expected life span?
4 times more likely
Which of the following statements about ethnicity and body image is FALSE?
White males appear to engage in more extreme weight loss strategies and binge eating than do non-White males
A person who perceives himself as insufficiently muscular in appearance, regardless of actual muscle size, is said to have
Men appear to report dieting for different reasons form those of women. Which of the following is NOT true with regard to men and dieting?
Men hope to improve their appearance to advance in the workplace
Grooming products are increasingly becoming more acceptable for males, as advertisers use product names that suggest what to attract females?
Although men diet, they do so for different reasons than females do. Males tend to focus their attention on _______, whereas women focus on weight.
Individuals in sports that place a higher emphasis on leanness to enhance performance or appearance have a greater risk of developing an eating disorder. Which of the following is NOT one of these higher-risk sports?
In sports, women who have the least risk of eating disorders are those who compete in
non-elite sports that do not emphasize leanness
Which of the following statements about the prevalence of eating disorders is FALSE?
In the last 30 years, the number of diagnosed cases of eating disorders in the United States has declined
Which organization sets the standards for diagnosing eating disorders?
American Psychiatric Association
All of the following are standards used for diagnosing anorexia nervosa EXCEPT
lack of appetite
Which of the following is one of the most serious long-term side effects of severe calorie restriction in women?
Inappropriate methods of keeping weight low associated with bulimia nervosa include all of the following EXCEPT
extremely low food intake