When providing a healthy and safe environment both inside and outside the nursery, there are factors myself and other practitioners need to consider; individual children and any specific needs they may have, for example at my work place we a baby with Prayer-Will syndrome, a rare genetic condition that causes restricted growth, poor core muscle strength, learning difficulties, behavioral problems such as temper tantrums or stubbornness and a permanent feeling of hunger which will start teens the age of 2 and 8 years old.

The practitioners who work with the baby must always consider her needs in relation to her condition, for example as the baby has poor core strength, she will be supported be using a doughnut shaped pillow and other toys that can support her weight such as play station, please see examples of both below. We must also consider the needs of families, the environment being used, legal obligations, the FEES and the lines of responsibilities. Below I have outlined each factor and have given explanations of my duties in relation to planning a healthy and safe environment.

Individual children and any specific needs where applicable- * All activities, toys and equipment must be suitable for each child’s age, ability, mobility, interests and emotional needs. This meaner the activities, toys and equipment must be suitable for each child such as when working with babies, I use toys such as rattles to make sound, soft books with colorful and bright pictures, and tactile toys for touching, these help a baby explore different textures, colors and sounds. * Ensuring all fixtures and fittings are in good working order. This ensures their environment is safe thus reducing the likely hood of an accident.

Ensuring all medical needs are meet for those children who require medication. Page no. Unit 027, 1. 1 – continued. Needs of the family – * Working in partnership with the family so they are aware of the service we provide and so we can understand their child/children better – When parent’s drop off their child/children in the morning, we briefly discuss the health and wellbeing of their child/children, for example the parent will let me know of how well their child/ this information helps me to establish 1) does the child/children need breakfast or have they had breakfast at home. Will the child/children be tired and will want more than usual sleep. 3) Are they in a happy, sad, upset or in an angry mood. The knowledge helps me to provide a healthy environment as it gives me an idea of what the child/children will be like for the day. * Ensuring equality opportunities – All children should feel they are valued and are equal to one another so therefore providing activities and toys which promote equal opportunities allows the children to explore, discover and do things they want to do and not feel they are not allowed to play with specific toys such as boys playing in the home corner with the dolls.

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Boys should feel they can play with the dolls without being pressured into thinking dolls are girl’s toys. * Languages and culture -Within my work place we respect and welcome all cultures as to not single out any child or make them feel out of place or unwelcome. * Family background – It is important to understand that all families are unique in the way they live and therefore I am to respect their views and wishes. * Dietary needs – ensuring children with food allergies are given food that does not contain the foods they are allergic to as this will cause health issues. Religion – insuring children and parent’s who follow religious beliefs are respected and are allowed to follow any religious practice provided it does not harm or offend others. The environment being used – * Page no. Fit for the purpose of the activity – Depending on the activity, it is important the environment is suitable, for example when using an indoor sand pit; the pit must be located onto the laminate flooring and away from the carpet. This is so any sand split onto the floor can be easily swept up. To the right is a picture showing a sand pit, a messy play activity, on the none-carpeted area.

Ensuring the environment is clean – Although the nursery has daily cleaners who clean the nursery at the end of play and who twice a week carry out a deep clean, it is the collected responsibility of all staff to ensure the environment is kept clean throughout the day. This meaner cleaning up any mess or spillages using the appropriate cleaning tools and products. The practitioners, along with the help from the children, are also required to tidy away the toys and playing equipment, and wipe down tables before each meal time so the area is clear for the arrival of plates, cutlery and food and drinks.

This is to ensure a healthy and safe environment when * Ensuring the room temperature suitable for babies and children. Having eating. A room that is the recommend temperature between 18 – ICC, will not only be comfortable but will help promote good health. Legal obligations – * Risk assessments – Local and governing authorities make compulsory the use of that may occur, the results are then used to find out if any changes need to be made in order to reduce an accident or incident from occurring. For example, the nursery manger will carry out a risk assessment on the nursery food preparation areas.

Once employed, the risk assessment will be used to see if any adjustments or improvements need to be made in order to make the areas safer. Please see over the page a photocopy of a completed risk assessment as an example. * Following company and legal policies and procedures related to health and safety – I must adhere to and act in line with my work place policies and procedures which include; General health related policies and procedures which are in the Busy Bees’ Being Healthy section; Babies Feeding Body fluid spillages Control of infection Discarded hypodermic needles in and around childcare facilities

Farm Visits and control of infection risks First Aid Health and Hygiene Emergency hospital visits Medicine policy and medication procedure Nappy Changing Sleeping Babies and Children Pets in Facility Potty/toilet training Sick Child Weather Food, drink and mealtime Baby Led Weaning Legal obligations continued – General Safety related policies and procedures which are in the Busy Bees’ Staying Safe section; Staying Safe overview Accidents Involving Children Serious Accidents Minor Accidents Incidents Allergy and Medical Conditions Cleaning Emergency Evacuation Lost Child Outings Security Supervision

Transfer of Responsibility Movement of Children Transport Uncollected Child Safeguarding Children Specifically Busy Bees’ health and safety policies and procedures; Health and Safety Rules Fire Safety Accident Reporting and Recording Manual Handling Procedures Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COUCH) Electrical Safety * Child’s health and safety paramount; duty of care – Duty of care meaner I am legally responsible for the care, welfare and safety of all babies and children I work with, this meaner I am legally bounded to provide and work towards delivering the best childcare I can.

If I am seen to be or have acted out any practice which may put a baby or child in potential harm or actual harm or neglect, then I am breaking the law. * Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and other similar acts – The nursery has regard for the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, the Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (COUCH) and the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDER). All acts must be adhered by staff and visitors at all times.

The nursery has policies and procedures in place which follow in accordance with the acts, for example; risk assessments must be carried out hen and where necessary, signs, notices and posters that give information and advice regarding health and safety, must be displayed in areas easily visible by all. Cleaning products and other chemical products are locked away in cupboards away from the reach of babies and children and all products are color coded for example cleaning fluids labeled blue and cloths colored blue are used to wipe tables after an activity such as painting or after meal times.

Cleaning fluids labeled yellow and cloths colored yellow are used to clean the toilets. The nursery must also report and errors accidents and incidents which need hospital treatment and/or infectious diseases such as measles and mumps. EYES – * Statutory framework – The FEES outlines the policies and procedures for all early years childcare providers to follow. There are two main aspects of the EYES; 1) the education of all babies and young children and 2) the overall care and welfare of all babies and young children.

For the purpose of the question, The EYES has health and safety policies and procedures that the nursery must follow. For example, ensuring the correct adult to child ratio at all times. This ensures there are always the correct amount of practitioners to the amount of babies and children; 3 babies/toddlers under the age of two to one practitioner, four children aged between 2-3 years old per practitioner and eight children aged between 3-4 years old per practitioner. Enabling environments – The EYES sets the childcare environment in three aspects; the emotional environment, the indoor environment and the outdoor environment. On the next page I copied and included extracts from the EYES PDF document called Enabling Environments; http://www. Relentlessness’s. Co. UK/woebegone/uploads/ 2011 ). PDF The Emotional Environment – * The emotional environment is created by all the people in the setting, but adults have to ensure that it is warm and accepting of everyone. * Adults need to empathic with children and support their emotions. When children feel confident in the environment they are willing to try things out, knowing that effort is valued. * Page no. When children know that their feelings are accepted they learn to express them, confident that adults will help them with how they are feeling. The Indoor Environment – * The indoor environment provides a safe, secure yet challenging space for children. For some children, the indoor environment is like a second ‘home’, providing a place for activity, rest, eating and sleeping. The indoor environment contains resources which are appropriate, well maintained and accessible for all children. * Indoor spaces are planned so that they can be used flexibly and an appropriate range of activities is provided. The Outdoor Environment – * Being outdoors has a positive impact on children’s sense of well-being and helps all aspects of children’s development. * Being outdoors offers opportunities for doing things in different ways and on different scales than when indoors. It gives children first-hand contact with weather, seasons and the natural world. Outdoor environments offer children freedom to explore, use their senses, and be physically active and exuberant. * Different roles and duties -It is good practice to know and understand each and every practitioner’s Job role and duty that I work directly and indirectly with. This is so if I need advice regarding a specific subject, I will know whom to liaise with. For example if I want to request holiday, I would speak to the nursery manager. If I have suspicions or know of abuse or neglect I am to report it immediately to my supervisor r the person in charge of my unit on the day. Need to know who to contact when things go wrong – As outlined above, it is important I know exactly who to go to in situations such as suspected or known abuse or neglect or if I witness or involved in an accidental incident. * Need to know which practitioners have additional roles and responsibilities – There are some practitioners within my work place who have additional roles and responsibilities such as a pediatric first aide officer, babies and children behavior officer, work training and education officer, babies and child development and education officer and fire officer.

Knowing this information meaner I know whom to contact if a certain situation arises, for example if a child becomes serious ill or has a serious accident, I will immediately contact the first eider. Or if I am working with a child who appears or is known to have learning difficulties, I would liaise with my behavioral officer to seek advice on and plan the best practice for the child. Unit 027, 1. 2 – Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely.

At Busy Bees Nursery health and safety is monitored through the use of risk assessments. A risk assessment is a documentation showing careful examination of what could cause harm to people. The assessment is then used to weigh up whether you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. For example, before the children are allowed to play in the garden either myself or another member of staff will carry out a risk assessment to ensure the garden is safe.

We do this by walking around the garden and checking for any broken toys or equipment, for any rubbish that may have been thrown or blown into the garden, for any animal faces and to check the gate is locked and fully secured. Once the assessment has been completed, a garden risk assessment form will be completed. The form will provide all practitioners two vital bits of information; firstly that the garden is safe to use as no hazards were found and secondly of any potential hazards that could arise.

The Job of maintaining good health and safety throughout my work place, is primarily the Job of all the staff, this includes; full and time practitioners, relief practitioners, safety is also the responsibility of all visitors such as parent’s, contractors and other professionals. With regards to the nursery staff, we strictly follow all the health and feet related work and legal policies and procedures such as the Busy Bees’ Health and Hygiene Policy, and The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and the Childcare Act 2006.

Staff are also given training on health and safety which affect their Job roles such as training on providing safe and healthy activities for the children. The staff are trained to ensure all activities are age, ability and mobility suited. Staff are encouraged to attend health and safety related courses such as the pediatric first aid course, which helps keeps their knowledge up-to-date. With regards to visitors in aspect of contractors or other professional, of course depending on the visitor and their reasons, they will be informed of the health and safety policies and procedures that may or may not affect them.

This maybe done before the arrival of the visitor for example if a contractor such as an electrician is due to fix a broken electrical item, the manager will forward them a list of health and safety policies so they are aware prior to their visit. The electrician will be advised that as the main door is continuously locked to ensure the safety of the children, they are to ring for main reception on arrival and they will be let in once satisfactory identification has been shown, therefore they must bring a form of ID with them on the day.

The electrician will be advised the use of mobile phones is prohibited within the nursery grounds and be advised that as the nursery is a smoke free zone so if they wish to smoke then they must do so offside. On the day and before the electrician can start their work, the manager or person in charge, will briefly outline health and safety related information such as the location of fire exists and that they are to only stay within the area of the broken/faulty electrical equipment they are fixing, unless they need to relocate to another part of the nursery in order to complete the Job.

Page no. Unit 027, 1. 2 – continued. With regards to parent’s either dropping off and collecting their child/children or viewing the nursery, they are made aware of the health and safety policies which they will be required to follow such as the no smoking policy, using electronic keys to open the doors to the nursery and understanding that only established members of staff can let them in if the parent has forgotten or lost their key – new members of Taft will not be allowed to let them in.

Parent’s are advised they are not allowed to use their mobile phones while in the nursery and they are to respect and treat others in a courteous and kind manner as they would expect to be treated. Other ways of maintaining health and safety within my work setting is to ensure all forms and reports are kept up-to-date such as registers, accidents and incidents reports, medical forms and personal data forms. All electrical equipment should have a Portable Appliance Test (PAT). The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989 have not made it compulsory to have all work electrical

However it is good practice to ensure electrical equipment is serviced (PAT) by a qualified electrician on an annual basis. Another way to maintain health and safety throughout the nursery on and off site is through the use of signs, notices and posters that are placed in strategic places and positions so people notice the instruction or information displayed. Below I have listed such signs and posters; * Fire exit signs – these signs show and advise people of the location of fire exists. It is important I know where the nearest fire exist is located when working in each unit.

On my first day and as part of my induction, I was made aware of all fire exists within the nursery. Visitors will also be made aware of fire exists. * Fire alarm – There are signs advising where and how to raise the fire alarm if needed. * Fire extinguisher – There are signs advising the location of the fire extinguishers and small posters above them explaining how to use them. * No Smoking – As the nursery and is a smoke free zone, there are no smoking signs as to remind people of the policy. Fire Assembly Point – These signs advise people of where to assemble if the fire alarm sounds. Now Wash Your Hands sign (Hygiene signs) – These signs are located in the lavatories and in the kitchen areas. Next to the sign is a poster advising on the correct procedure of how to wash hands thoroughly. * Wet Floor / Cleaning in progress – This sign is used when a spillage has occurred. It warns people to stay away from the area as the spillage maybe slippery. * Fire door keep closed – This sign advises people to keep fire doors closed unless needed. * Fire action notice – This notice advices people on what action to take in the event off fire. First aid sign – This sign advises people of the location of the companies’ first aid kit. * Security sign (Caution C. C. T. V in operation) – This sign advises people there are security cameras in operation. * Health and Safety at Work Act sign and poster – This poster is displayed in the staff room within my work place and gives advice about safety regulations. Unit 027, 1. 3 – Identify sources of current guidance for planning healthy and safe environments and services. When setting out and providing a healthy and safe environment and service, there childcare providers who choose to follow the EYES, must adhere to their framework.

The EYES has two main focal points; child welfare (their health and their safety) and child education (development in all areas to ensure a positive economic wellbeing). Both areas have been established with health and safety in mind. Posted – This government run organization guarantees the implementation of standards set by acts such as the Childcare Act 2006 and the statuary framework of the EYES. Posted inspects each and every childcare provider and grades them to reflect their standard and level of service.

It is the responsibility of each childcare provider to implement Offset’s (childcare acts) requirements into their service. Therefore it is in the best interest of all childcare providers to deliver the requirements in the best way they can in order to achieve a high grade that may result in having more business. However, if the childcare provider fails to meet the requirements, then the service or establishment maybe at risk of closure. Also when a person such as a parent or career is concerned about the practice of a childcare provider, they will report their concern to Posted, who will investigate the allegation.

Own work setting’s policies and procedures – All members of staff use the Busy Bees’ leslies and procedures as a guide to plan healthy and safe environments and services, for example the Busy Bees’ Health and Hygiene Policy. The policy gives instruction on cleaning routines such as cleaning children’s sleep mats after every use, toys to be cleaned in accordance with the daily/weekly toy-cleaning Rota, encouraging children to wash hands after using the toilet and staff to wash their hands before handling food and drinks, and after using the toilet.

Health and safety at Work Act 1974 – This puts the foundation down for all health & safety law, ensuring everyone has duties and responsibilities. The act created the Health and Safety Executive as a provider of guidance, management of health and safety issues and to apply the law. Childcare Act 2006 – In England this put an early years framework in place that ensures settings work within the national occupational standards and aims to fulfill the five positive outcomes of Every Child Matters; be healthy, stay safe, enjoy and achieve, make a positive contribution and achieve economic well-being.

Health and Safety Executive (HOSE) – The Health and Safety Executive (HOSE) is an independent prosecuting authority that aims to prevent work-related death, injury and ill health. It is the body responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare, and for research into occupational risks in England and Wales and Scotland. The HOSE was created by the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974. Page no. Unit 027, 1. 3 – continued. Auk’s leading charity working to reduce the number of children and young people killed, disabled or seriously injured in accidents.

The trust offers and provides a range of support and guidance, and will help develop strategies and action plans to/ for the government and organizations, childcare professionals and families on child’s feet and the prevention of child accidental injuries. Department for Education – The Department for Education was formed on 12th May 2010 and is responsible for education and children’s services. The Department of Education regulates exactly what, when and how children are being educated within the public school system.

With regards to babies and young children, under the academic age, the Department of Education sets out the EYES statutory framework. Manual handling operations 1992 regulations ; guide – Advises to avoid lifting and carrying where possible, however to use risk assessments if lifting or carrying is unavoidable as to assess risks involved and how they may be avoided or reduced . Provides a recommended technique on how to carry or lift. COUCH – Advises how to correctly store hazardous chemicals in order to protect children and staff, and to ensure containers are correctly labeled.

Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDER 1995) – Requirement for childcare providers to have procedures in place to report injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to the Health and Safety Executive (HOSE). The management of health and safety at work regulations 1999 – Introduces the concept of risk assessments. H;S first aid regulations 1981 – Ensures awareness of the need for adequate resources – equipment, facilities and trained personnel to act in the event of injury or illness inside and out.

Fire precautions act 1971 and regulations – Ensures responses to events of fire and emergency evacuation are known and covers aspects related to fire prevention. Experienced colleagues – Experienced colleagues provide other less experienced staff with on-the-Job awareness and information on health and safety. Unit 027, 1. 4 – Explain how current health and safety legislation, policies and procedures are implemented in own work setting or service.


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