Chlamydia Essay, Research Paper

Chlamydia trachomatis

What is Chlamydia trachomatis?

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Chlamydia trachomatis is a little bacteria that can non turn outside a life cell. In this regard

it resembles a virus, but it is really a really sophisticated being. There are two other related

beings: Chlamydia psittaci is widespread in animate beings and can be transmitted to worlds. This

being in worlds is an uncommon cause of terrible pneumonia peculiarly when acquired from

septic birds of the parrot ( Psittacine ) household, and on occasion of abortion following contact with

septic sheep. The more late described Chlamydia pneumoniae ( besides known as the TWAR

agent & # 8211 ; Taiwan Acute Respiratory, after the appellations of the first two isolates ) , may turn out to be

a frequent cause of upper and lower respiratory infection transmitted from individual to individual by

infected droplets.

Which diseases does it do?

Worldwide, the most of import disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis is trachoma, one of

the commonest infective causes of sightlessness. In some parts of the underdeveloped universe, over 90 % of

the population becomes infected. However, the specific strains of Chlamydia trachomatis which

cause trachoma and the epidemiological conditions for its spread, are non found in the UK. In

Britain, the being frequently causes venereal tract infection. In work forces, Chlamydia trachomatis is the

commonest cause of non-gonococcal or ( less right ) non-specific urethritis. In adult females, the

being may infect both the neck and the urethra. Epididymitis may perplex infection in work forces,

whilst in adult females infection in the upper genital piece of land & # 8211 ; the endometrium and the fallopian tubings, may

lead to acute pelvic inflammatory disease ( PID ) . Chlamydia trachomatis is the most frequent

cause of PID and its long term effects include chronic hurting, ectopic gestation and

sterility. In both sexes, pinkeye ( that does non come on to blindness ) and joint redness

may happen.

Babies born to female parents with infection of their venereal piece of land often present with chlamydial oculus

infection within a hebdomad of birth ( chlamydial ophthalmitis neonatorum ) , and may subsequently

develop pneumonia.

What are the symptoms and marks?

Symptoms and marks are non-specific, and variable. In work forces, a mucopurulent urethral discharge,

with or without hurting on go throughing urine appears between one and three hebdomads after exposure. In

adult females, cervical infection may bring forth vaginal discharge. It is impossible to except other genital

infections such as gonorrhea or bacte

rial vaginosis on clinical scrutiny entirely and research lab

scrutiny of the discharge is indispensable to do the diagnosing. Assorted infections are common.

In both work forces and adult females, symptomless infection is non uncommon.

Abdominal hurting and raised temperature may bespeak PID in adult females. This status may be hard

to separate from other causes of abdominal hurting.

How is it spread?

The being is transmitted from one spouse to another during sexual intercourse. Contamination

of the custodies with venereal discharge may take to a conjunctival infection following contact with the

eyes.

How is it diagnosed?

The being can non be grown outside life cells. Culture of Chlamydia trachomatis is hence

restricted to research labs with particular installations. However, utilizing new techniques of direct antigen

sensing, the being can be identified in clinical stuff with a high grade of truth without

the demand to civilization. These installations are now going widely available.

Samples of discharge from the urethra or neck, or an early forenoon urine specimen from work forces, can

be tested for the presence of the being. These trials are non perfect, and any positive consequence

should be confirmed by farther trials either on the original specimen, or on a farther sample. Blood

trials for specific antibody against Chlamydia trachomatis are unhelpful for naming ague

infection, and should non be used.

How is it treated?

Infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is treated with a class of antibiotics. The most normally

used are doxycycline or erythromycin. Newer antibiotics include Zithromaxs ( related to

Erythrocin, but effectual in a individual dosage against unsophisticated chlamydial venereal infection ) , and

ofloxacin ( a new fluoroquinolone ) . Side effects ( sickness, purging and diarrhea ) are less frequent

with newer agents, but older therapies are cheaper.

Bibliography

Black, Jacquelyn. Microbiology Principles and Explorations. Prentice Hall ;

Upper Saddler River, New Jersey. 1999.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.amm.co.uk/html/publications.htm Copyright? Association of Medical Microbiologists, 1993

Lederberg, Joshua. Encyclopedia of microbiology. Academic Press ; San Diego,

Calafornia. 2000.

Black, Jacquelyn. Microbiology Principles and Explorations. Prentice Hall ;

Upper Saddler River, New Jersey. 1999.

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.amm.co.uk/html/publications.htm Copyright? Association of Medical Microbiologists, 1993

Lederberg, Joshua. Encyclopedia of microbiology. Academic Press ; San Diego,

Calafornia. 2000.

x

Hi!
I'm Niki!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out