Dickens. Charles. A Christmas Carol. New York: Scholastic Inc. , 1999 Title: A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens affects the book in many ways. For example, this time that the book takes place is around Christmas so that will be a key factor in the books plot. A Christmas carol is one of the many blessings that happen around Christmas, one that Ebenezer Scrooge needs very much. Basically the title relates to the book because of the second chance that Scrooge is given. Context: Charles Dickens grew up in the 1800’s in Portsmouth, England.
Growing up, Dickens’s family was poor, and financially irresponsible he mostly remembers his childhood as lonely, which influenced many of his books. Ebenezer Scrooge goes through many of Dickens experiences in his book A Christmas Carol. Like Dickens, Scrooge’s family had little money, when reliving his life as a kid Scrooge reveals that his childhood was a little miserable and lonely. Like Scrooge changes his life around for the better, Dickens changed his life by becoming a writer.
Mode/Genre: Although the author based some of Scrooge’s characteristics on his own life experiences, the book is a fictional work. The book is a novella, which is a shorter than a novel with fewer conflicts, but is more complicated than a short story. Scrooge’s story is told within five staves, Marley’s Ghost, The First of the Three Spirits, the Second of the Three Spirits, the Last of the Spirits, and the End of It. Each gave Scrooge a conflict that he had to cope with mentally and process what the ghost showed him meant.
Voice/Tone/Perspective: Charles Dickens chose that A Christmas Carol would be told in third person, by a limited-omniscient narrator. Because the narrator has a limited view of what Scrooge is thinking it makes the reader question what kind of life Scrooge actually has. However my having some omniscient qualities, the reader is allowed to know just enough to connect with Scrooge. During the beginning of the book Dickens words convey a feeling of gloom and depression; however one the book gets going, the mood changes to more of a determined and excited feeling.
If the book was to be in first person rather than third I think that the reader would have been more informed as to what Scrooge was thinking as he went through his ghost experiences. Literary Techniques and Stylistics: Dickens uses many forms of figurative language throughout his story. One of which is imagery. He used imagery to paint a picture of what was happening to Scrooge as he was forced to look back upon his sad life. For example, Dickens says, “A cat was tearing at the door, and there was the sound of knowing rats beneath the hearthstone. With this imagery the reader is able to imagine what it would be like to experience being visited by a ghost and then forced to look at the grim future that holds. Dickens also uses foreshadowing and a flashback to give the reader the ability to have an understanding of what is going on and why. For example, he gives an explanation of who Marley was and his significance to the story by giving the reader a flashback to the days when Scrooge and him worked together.
If Dickens hadn’t used this language in his writings the reader wouldn’t have been as easily able to follow along and enjoy what was being said. Dickens probably used imagery so that the reader understood the types of circumstances that Scrooge was put in. Premise: Effects and Meanings: Dickens’s purpose for writing this book is to show how people who are selfish and insensitive can be changed into caring and generous people. Scrooge undergoes this change through three ghosts who cause him to question his moral standards he has set for himself.
For example, in “The Last of the Spirits” he states, “But as I know your purpose is to do me good, and as I hope to live to be another man from what I was…,” proving that the experiences that he has gone through has caused him to want to change. Dickens initially wrote the book as a memoir to the life that he lived as a kid, but also it was written to amuse the public. He wanted to inform people in an interesting way about the Victorian Era where people were treated very poorly.
Important/Memorable Quotes : “Bah! ” said Scrooge. “Humbug! ” This quote sums up who Scrooge is a t the beginning of the book, a grumpy person who hates people who are very cheery. “A merrier Christmas, Bob, my good fellow, than I have given you for many a year! ” This quote represents how much Scrooge has changes in the past few nights because of his ghost experiences. He is no longer a gloomy and depressed person, but a cheery person ready to make the most of his life.