This essay will demo how these two presidents tackled the job of Civil rights of African Americans and it will show the extent of betterments and what remained the same. When one compares the extent of betterments which these two presidents make. the immediate reaction would be one congratulations towards President Kennedy because of his ultimate decease while one would demonize President Johnson cause of Vietnam. This essay will demo how small Kennedy really accomplished as president but how much Johnson and the civil rights motion achieved thanks
To be able to compare and objectively see the extent to which these two presidents improved civil rights for African Americans. we must foremost determine what their ends were and if they accomplished them or non ; set up the extent of what they did with president each of the surrounding fortunes.
In the early 1960S. the thrust for voting rights became a cardinal portion of the major southern-based civil rights organizations’ scheme — the Southern Christian Leadership Conference ( SCLC ) . headed by Martin Luther King Jr. . and the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee ( SNCC ) . led by Bob Moses. John Lewis and James Forman.
Argument for Kennedy
What did Kennedy make to progress the cause of civil rights?
1 ) He put force per unit area on federal authorities administrations to use more African Americans. Any who were employed were normally in the lowest paid stations and in occupations that had small chance of professional advancement. The FBI merely employed 48 African Americans out of a sum of 13. 649 and these 48 were about all chauffeurs. Kennedy did more than any president before him to hold more African Americans appointed to federal authorities stations. In entire. he appointed 40 to senior federal places including five as federal Judgess
2 ) Kennedy appointed his brother ( Robert ) as Attorney General which put him at the caput of the Justice Department. Their maneuver was to utilize the jurisprudence tribunals as a manner of implementing already passed civil rights statute law. The Justice Department brought 57 jurisprudence suits against local functionaries for blockading African Americans who wished to register their right to vote. Local functionaries from Louisiana were threatened with prison for disdain when they refused to manus over money to freshly desegregated schools. Such a menace prompted others in Atlanta. Memphis and New Orleans to manus over finance without excessively many jobs – few if any were willing to see the American penal system which had a policy of penalty so as opposed to reforming captives.
3 ) Kennedy was really good at what would look to be little gestures. In American football. the Washington Redskins were the last of the large squads to decline to subscribe African Americans. Their bowl was federally funded and Kennedy ordered that they were no longer allowed to utilize the bowl and would hold to happen a new one. The squad really rapidly signed up African American participants.
4 ) Kennedy created the CEEO ( Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity ) . Its occupation was to guarantee that all people employed with the federal authorities had equal employment chances ; it besides required all those houses that had contracts with the federal authorities to make the same if they were to win farther federal contracts.
5 ) The 1963 March on Washington was ab initio opposed by Kennedy as he believed that any March during his presidential term would bespeak that the leaders of the civil rights run were critical of his stance on civil rights. Kennedy besides felt that the March could antagonize Congress when it was in the procedure of discoursing his civil rights measure. A March might hold been viewed by Congress as external force per unit area being put on them. Kennedy finally endorsed the March when it was agreed that the federal authorities could hold an input into it. Malcolm X criticised King’s determination to let this as he believed that Kennedy was trying to take over and orchestrate the March. Malcolm X was to nick-name the March “The Farce on Washington” .
Argument against Kennedy
1 ) Kennedy had to step a really all right line in the South. His popularity by September 1963 showed that his support had dropped to 44 % in the South. It had been 60 % in March 1963. At this clip. the South was a traditional fastness of the Democrats.
Was Kennedy a acute civil rights adult male?
2 ) In the immediate wake of his decease. merely congratulations was heaped on the murdered president. To make otherwise would hold been considered extremely disloyal. However. in recent old ages at that place has been a re-evaluation of Kennedy and what he did in his presidential term. For a adult male who claimed that hapless lodging could be ended with the sign language of the president’s name. Kennedy did nil. His Department of Urban Affairs measure was rejected by Congress and finally merely a weak lodging act was passed which applied merely to future federal lodging undertakings.
3 ) The CEEO was merely concerned with those already employed ( though it did promote houses to use African Americans ) and it did nil to actively acquire employment chances for African Americans. The CEEO was concerned with those in employment within the federal authorities non the unemployed.
4 ) Kennedy was besides cognizant that southern Democrats were still powerful in the party and their wants could non be wholly ignored if the party was non to be disconnected apart – or if Kennedy was non to acquire the party’s nomination for the 1964 election. However. there is no uncertainty that the force that occurred in the South during his presidential term horrified and angered him.
Argument for LBJ
1 ) Lyndon Baines Johnson has been credited with being one of the most of import figures in the civil rights motion. Johnson does hold some distracters who believe that he was simply an unprincipled politician who used the civil rights issue when he realised the worth of the “Black Vote” . However Johnson himself claimed to be an dreamer who dreamed of doing America a “Great Society” . It was Johnson who put the presidential signature to the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
I recon that. it doesn’t really matter if Kennedy was a echt protagonist of civil rights or non. every bit long as he was making something to better it. Peoples tend to bury all other force per unit areas that were on Kennedy at the same clip as the civil rights crisis. such as the Cuban crisis which potentially threatened universe peace. From my point of position that would go later much more of import than civil rights. However I do understand and take into history the position that civil rights was a serious job. which decidedly had to be addressed. particularly when the united provinces were claiming that they were the culprits of peace and autonomy. Sing JFK’s premature decease. the general universe state of affairs. ( Vietnam. Cuban Missile Crisis ) I think that the extent of JFK’s civil rights accomplishments were limited.
While President Johnson was able to accomplish unusually a batch. particularly when faced with the Vietnam War. One can reason that LBJ’s accomplishments. such as the passing of the civil rights measure is all thanks to JFK’s decease ; that he merely promoted civil rights to hike his run to acquire to the top ; the lone ground he pursued the vote rights act was because faced with the Vietnam war. he had to hike moral at place. All this is partially true and has an consequence that on what he was making and had done but it wasn’t the chief policy that he was following. LBJ had done what no other President before had of all time. could of all time or will of all time accomplish. He individual handed managed to go through statute law trough Congress that would alter every individual African Americans life for of all time. but non merely he besides managed to maintain at bay the feared white recoil. and the black power motion. sing that it could hold escalated. and caused much greater harm. Over all the extent of statute law. assignments and gestures that President Lindon Johnson did was at a far greater deepness and extent that any had done for the civil rights motion in the US.