Issues in the diagnosing and categorization of schizophrenic disorder | Delusions: which are eccentric beliefs that appear realistic to a individual with schizophrenic disorder. but they are non existent. They can sometimes be paranoid psychotic beliefs Experiences of control: the individual with schizophrenic disorder may believe they are under the control of different group’s e. g. foreign invasion. Hallucination: are eccentric. unreal perceptual experiences of the environment that are normally audile ( hearing voices ) . but may besides be ocular ( seeing visible radiations. objects or faces ) . olfactory ( smelling things ) . or tactile ( e. g. feeling that bugs are creeping on or under the tegument ) . Disordered thought: the feeling that ideas have been inserted or withdrawn from the head. In some instances the individual may believe their ideas are being broadcast so that others can hear them. Tangential. incoherent or slackly associated address is used as an index of thought upset. Affectional flattening: a decrease in the scope and strength of emotional look. including facial look. voice tone. oculus contact. and body linguistic communication. Alogia: poorness of address. characterised by the decrease of address eloquence and productiveness. thought to reflect demoing or blocked ideas.
Undependable symptoms: Klosterkotter et Al. ( 1994 ) assessed 489 admittances to a psychiatric unit in Aachen. Germany. and found that positive symptoms were more utile for diagnosing than negative symptoms. Mojabi and Nicholson ( 1995 ) 50 senior head-shrinkers in the US were asked to distinguish between ‘bizarre’ and ‘non-bizarre’ psychotic beliefs. the inter-rata dependability was merely about 0. 40 demoing that the cardinal diagnostic demand lacks sufficient dependability for it to be a dependable method of naming schizophrenic disorder.
Cogency: Bental ( 1988 ) did a big reappraisal of all research into aetiology. forecast and intervention and found that schizophrenic disorder wasn’t a utile scientific class. Symptoms: Schneider ( 1959 ) listed first rank symptoms. he believed these are merely found in schizophrenics. such as psychotic beliefs and hallucinations. However. some of these are found in other upsets. such as depression and bipolar upset. Ellason and Ross ( 1995 ) point out that people with dissociative individuality upset ( DID ) really have more ‘schizophrenic’ symptoms than people diagnosed with schizophrenic disorder. Gender differences in schizophrenic disorder: Males are likely to develop symptoms in late teens/ early mid-twentiess. Females are likely to demo symptoms in their 20’s. Males and females are every bit likely to acquire schizophrenic disorder. |