For Karl Marx. every single portion is merely relevant when taken within the range of the whole. The paragraph on page 331 is symbolic of this impression because it arrives at the apogee of one of Marx’s major points in his theory of disaffection: that by working in the capitalistic system. the worker estranges himself from other work forces and sets up a system of domination. In this paragraph. Marx introduces the impression of the “practical. existent world” claiming that in world. “self-estrangement can attest itself merely in the practical. existent relationship to other men” ( Marx 331 ) . In the paragraphs taking to this 1. Marx establishes his statement for how adult male estranges himself from both the merchandise of his work and the act of production itself. Both of these points. nevertheless. simply serve as single stepping-stones in the kingdom of the whole. When Marx conceptualizes the “practical. real” version of alienation. he introduces the umbrella. which. when placed over the single rocks. grants applicability and significance to everything he has been discoursing therefore far. Reading on. Marx constructs an inexplicit duality between the “practical. real” and the less perceptible abstract.
He writes: “so through estranged labor adult male non merely produces his relationship to the object and to the act of production as to alien and hostile powers1 ; he besides produces the relationship in which other work forces stand to his production and merchandise. and the relationship in which he stands to these other work forces. ” Using absolutely parallel construction. Marx breaks apart the two opposing kingdoms of alienated labor—its function in the relationship of adult male to abstract “powers” and of adult male to other men—and topographic points them on straight separate sides of his statement. Furthermore. an analysis of the footer at the underside of the page provides a notable deduction from this duality. Marx originally described the relationship between adult male and the merchandise of his labor/act of production as a relationship to “alien and hostile work forces. ” In a ulterior amendment to the text. Marx recalls the word “men. ” and replaces it alternatively with the term “powers. ” In making this. Marx makes an highly important differentiation that is non expressed in the text.
He highlights the polar difference between these two kingdoms: the relationships adult male has with the object of his labour and the act of labour itself are those to powers—they are intangible and theoretical. What truly affairs here. nevertheless. is the byproduct of these abstractions. which in the “practical. existent world” manifests itself as man’s relationship to other adult male. With this impression. Marx provides the concluding analogy that makes things practical for readers and brings them into the range of world. Therefore far. every alienation Marx has presented the reader has been abstract.
By presenting the “practical. real” alienation between adult male and other adult male and puting to alleged umbrella upon the person. abstractions. Marx transitions his statement from the theoretical to the practical and at the same time switch his focal point from the construct of “estrangement” to that of “domination. ” Having used dialectic to get at these coincident passages. Marx sets up the hierarchal relationship between adult male and other adult male in the “practical. real” kingdom of things. He claims that merely like the losingss adult male faces in the abstract kingdom. “he creates the domination of the non-producer” in the practical 1. This is the ultimate loss for man—the one that is felt the most and hits the hardest. As “estrange [ s ] himself” from his work in the abstract kingdom. he establishes a system of winner/loser domination by “strangers” in world.