In this study I will compare and contrast cardinal appeal factors of the universe ‘s top receiving states France, Spain, USA and China. Report will explicate travelers motives and place tourer typology. Explain why handiness is of import in taking finish. Compare geographical characteristics of each state and contrast cardinal appealing factors.

Motivation for travel is ever different for everyone. Motivation is an replete ground why individual takes action to travel ( Cardinal Concepts in Tourism, L. Lomine, J. Edmunds, 2007 ) . There is a scope of motives like cost, clime, distance, handiness, bundle, chances, type of conveyance, state of affairs in the state broad scope of this motives is taken into consideration before taking a finish ( Tourism: A Modern Synthesis, 2001 ) .

Plog ‘s tourer typologies identify two opposite types of tourers. “ Allocentrics are tourers who seek escapade on their vacations and are prepared to take a hazard. As such, they prefer vacations in more alien locations and prefer to go independently. Psychocentric tourers look instead inside and concentrate their ideas on vacation they are non adventuresome, but prefer locations that are similar to their place environment ” , for illustration Costa del Sol in Spain was considered alien, but in short period of clip expand into a “ mass ” tourer finish, and pull allocentric tourers ( Tourism: A Modern Synthesis, 2001 P ; 63 ) . One facet is that tourers and finishs change over the clip.


Tourists normally travel off from place but without conveyance paths, tourers can non make their finishs. Indeed, the conveyance available is normally a factor in taking a finish. ( Appendix 1 ) shows that the most popular manner of conveyance by far for UK outbound tourers is air. Most long draw travel is by air for grounds of clip and convenience ( P. Lavery, 1989 ) . Traveling by air give easy entree to distanced states for illustration USA generated air tourers as a figure of 1,539,857 estimated in March 2009 ( ) or China 1610 million people travelled by air in 2007. ( ) .

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States in European Union for illustration Spain and France create partnership and organize a common market by extinguishing trade barriers. France and Spain joined Euro zone known as Schgengen and removed boundary line control and checkpoints between their states. The remotion of controls agencies that citizens can easy go from one state to another. They have adopted EU currency Euro which makes easier for economic activity within EU. Merely British tourers made 12.5 million visits to Spain in 2002, compared enchantress 12.1 million to France ( ) .

Geographic characteristics

Costal touristry

Costal countries offer some of the most desirable resources for touristry on the Earth. Sun, sand and sea provides an of import commercial sector of the touristry industry. Costal countries seaside have great entreaty to households. Visitors to a costal country or resort will be attracted by this sense of topographic point and will be acute to seek out coveted experiences, for illustration in Spain. Spain has many to offer from lovely beaches, beautiful metropoliss to mountains. The cardinal entreaty factor in Spain is seaside for illustration The Canaries, the group of islands with touristry concentrated on the four largest. These are Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura. The islands are chiefly volcanic. Fuerteventura has broad, flaxen beaches but those on Tenerife are less appealing dwelling of black volcanic sand ( Rough Guide to Spain, 2007 ) .National statistics says The Canaries has lost 15 % of tourers in 2009 compared to last twelvemonth 9.2 million, that represents autumn of 1.38 million. However France have something to offer, The Gallic Riviera Beaches are known as expensive and glamourous. Corsica is a Gallic island has a 100s of beaches appealing to everyone. Sing to WTO in 2008 922 1000000s international tourers visited Gallic seashore, with a growing of 1.9 % , compared to 2007. Hawaii in USA has appealing factor of sea, Sun and sand. A tropical island Eden of aureate sand beaches, waterfalls and exuberant woods. Aloha State attract more than 6 million visitants a twelvemonth. An stray archipelago in the center of the Pacific Ocean, the islands have alien landscape and epicurean cordial reception offer a wealth of experiences from volcanic eruptions and universe category surfboarding and beautiful beaches ( Eyewitness Travel, USA, 2004 )


Yellow Mountains is the most popular attractive forces in China. There are located in the South of Anhui state. The beauty and singularity of Yellow Mountain has become one of the great symbols of China ( Alone Planet, China 2009 ) . However France is the UK ‘s favorite ski finish, The Alps are likely the most celebrated mountain in France, and Europe. The highest extremum is Mont Blanc, visitants in winter 60.000 per twenty-four hours. Spanish Pyrenees besides attract with broad scope of activities from boosting, skiing to mountain biking. Traveller will bask arresting positions and fresh air, sing to statistics tourers spend 4.5 million euro in 2008. Rocky Mountains in USA, 3,000 stat mis in length from U.S State of New Mexico through western U.S to Canadian ‘s British Columbia. The Rockies include over 100 mountain scopes. The highest point in the Rockies is Mt. Elbert, it stands at 14,433 ft. Statistics says 2.7 million one-year visitants came to Rocky Mountains in 2006 ( ) .

Urban touristry

A 2nd class of finish is the town or metropolis. Urban touristry turning in cultural activities such as visits to museums, art galleries and theaters. Cities entreaty to architecture, shopping and as a leisure activity ( J.C Holloway, 2006 ) . Urban countries offer concentration of installations and attractive forces that are connectively located to run into visitants and occupant demands. Diverseness of urban countries size, map, location and history contributes to their singularity ( Tourism: A Modern Synthesis, 2001 ) .

Paris is one of the taking metropoliss for short-break vacations, uniting all benefits of short stay good stores and eating houses, outstanding architecture, quality hotels, all right museums ( J.C Holloway, 2006 ) . Paris deriving 23.5 million visitants annually. Most celebrated attractive force is Eiffel Tower which is the most recognizable memorial in Europe, statistics for 2002 6.2 million visitants harmonizing to Paris Office of Tourism.

Low transatlantic monetary values made New York popular as short interruption finish, chiefly for shopping as dollar dropped the value against lb and euro. New York City throbs with energy commercially, socially and culturally. World-class museums and broad assortment of shopping, dining and amusement options, is one of the most visited metropolis Centres in United States. Its most typical sight, nevertheless, is the Statue of Liberty the symbol of freedom for 1000000s who made this metropolis their place ( S. Davey, 2004 ) . In 2008 figure of visitants reached 47 million ( nycstatistics, 2010 ) .

China ‘s best known urban tourers attractive force is Hong Kong. City is a prime tourer finish in Asia. Above streets with people and traffic, sleek luxury dress shops and five-star hotels stand following to ageing tenement blocks and traditional Chinese stores. Hong Kong is the metropolis that lives to eat, offering spoting diners beyond in cheap nutrient markets, street stables and eating houses. Statisticss for January 2008 were 2,518,566 million people visited the metropolis ( Alone Planet, China, 2009 ) .

Madrid capital metropolis of Spain, located in the bosom of the state. A widely distributed metropolis, a concern Centre, place of the Spanish Royal Family. Great museums Prado, Reina Sofia and the Thyssen-Bornemisza, state-of-the-art places to fabulous arrays of modern Spanish picture including Picasso ‘s Guernica. Madrilenos one of the cardinal attractive forces of capital metropolis, sitting in the traditional coffeehouse. Madrid is characterized by intense cultural and artistic activity and really lively nightlife ( Rough Guides, Spain 2007 ) . Sing to WTO fact and figures in 2007 about 60 1000000s international tourers visited Madrid.

Rural Tourism

Third class of touristry, the countryside, offers different vacation experience. Rural countries have featured conspicuously in the development of touristry and leisure. For tourer countryside is reliable and offers chances such as hike, fishing and Equus caballus equitation. Rural touristry is based on nature touristry and agrotourism, although focused more on vegetations and fauna experience ( L. Lomine and J. Edmunds, 2007 ) . Many rural countries attract big figure of tourers, for illustration Yellowstone National Park, America ‘s first national park. Located in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Favourite finish to 1000000s of visitants and great for households. Visitors can detect wildlife of silvertip bears, bison, wolves and moose. Experience all admirations of Yellowstone National Park, most popular geysers and hot springs, the universe ‘s largest calderas with thermic characteristics, petrified woods and waterfalls. Visitors can bask boosting, bivouacing and fishing (,2007 ) . National Park Service Public Use Statistics Office says 3,295,187 visitants in 2009 comparing to 1904 13,727.

The rural touristry development in China has become a new economic growing sector. Guizhou state, place to 17 cultural minorities, have developed rural touristry. Situated in southwest China, mountains and hills where tourers could see alone milieus, varied topography, great conditions. China ‘s countryside acquiring more than 300 1000000s tourer every twelvemonth sing to China National Tourism Administration.

Andalucia in Spain is the southmost portion of the Iberian peninsula. Andalucia is an ideal part for bivouacing, siting, walking and mountain bicycling. Mild clime and about 300 yearss of sunlight a twelvemonth, with broad natural environment ( Rough Guide, Spain 2007 ) . 17 % land of Andalucia has been confirmed Nature Parks. Rural touristry industry offers eco-tourism ( 2008 ) . 8.1 million tourers visited Andalucia during the 3rd one-fourth of 2009, 10.8 % less than the same one-fourth in 2008. ( UNWTO )

Gallic can be proud of their rural touristry in Ardeche south France. The Ardeche is a fast flowing river that has carved narrow gorges making breathtaking canon. Ardeche has a dramatic cragged alleviation with great positions and beautiful historical small towns. Region has a booty to offer for rural tourers from fantastic scenery that you wont bury, caves and museums to gastronomy and feature activities ( Lonely Planet, France 2009 ) . Statistics stating 350000 people visited Ardeche River ( UNWTO ) .


Motivation factors are different for each tourer, diverseness of ways to make finish every bit good as appealing factors which convince tourers to go. Costal touristry can be appealing with sea, Sun and sand factor. Mountain with their singularity and distinction from boosting to extreme athleticss. Urban touristry that entreaties with concentrations of installations and attractive forces. Rural touristry appealing with abandon and nature captivation.


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