Mother Courage Essay, Research Paper

English World Literature

How make Brecht and Zola use linguistic communication to pattern and convey the conventional image of maternal inherent aptitude of a female parent figure?

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Bertolt Brecht & # 8217 ; s Mother Courage and Emile Zola & # 8217 ; s Therese Raquin are both plants with characters that possess maternal inherent aptitude. There is non a definite account for maternal inherent aptitude because it can be viewed otherwise. Although this is true, there is frequently a stereotype adult female with the & # 8216 ; right & # 8217 ; qualities of maternal inherent aptitude. This frequently articulates unrealistic images in people & # 8217 ; s heads. Instinct means & # 8220 ; an imposed set of values, imposed by the society & # 8221 ; and the manner they think a female parent should of course move by. Realistically, the replete depends on the female parent & # 8217 ; s temperament, the manner she wants to act depends on her emotions, which can non be articulated. Therefore, it is non possible to enforce a definite set of values for how a female parent should move for it varies from one female parent to another.

Mother Courage is a female parent who fights for a life so that her three kids can last the war. War to her is a necessity because she needs the concern from the soldiers in order to last, but on the other manus, war is her ultimate enemy. She is making everything to maintain her and her kids from being involved with the war. It was her hubby & # 8217 ; s decease that lead to her natural defences for her kids and the war which in bend resulted in showing her strong maternal inherent aptitude.

Besides, Mother Courage is forced to do determinations and puts a batch of attempt into seeking to remain with her kids. For illustration, when the Cook proposes to Mother Courage, Kattrin realizes that the Cook thinks she is a load and does non like her. Therefore, she decides to go forth, but Mother Courage chooses to go forth the Cook and follow Kattrin alternatively. Here, Mother Courage has sacrificed her possible public assistance in order to & # 8216 ; protect & # 8217 ; her lone kid left.

& # 8220 ; [ Mother Courage ] We & # 8217 ; ll travel off in T & # 8217 ; other way, and we & # 8217 ; ll throw cook & # 8217 ; s stuff out so he finds it, silly man. & # 8221 ;

But merely by looking at this protection towards her kids, one can non readily

Assume that she is a & # 8216 ; good female parent & # 8217 ; . Through assorted forfeits made by her kids, Brecht portrayed traits of human selfishness. For illustration, when the Recruiter took her bravest boy, Eilif off:

& # 8220 ; [ Recruiter to Eilif ] & # 8230 ; Got your premium money here, come along. Eilif stands undecided. & # 8221 ;

& # 8220 ; [ Mother Courage ] Half a guilder it is. & # 8221 ;

Mother Courage, who had ever distasted war, loses her most valuable thing, her bravest boy to war whilst dickering the monetary value of a best with the Sergeant. Here, Brecht uses situational sarcasm as an illustration of how Mother Courage did non & # 8216 ; run into the standards & # 8217 ; of a stereotypic maternal inherent aptitude. Brecht gave Mother Courage an unconventional response to losing her boy, where she is really tough-minded when she realizes her boy is lost.

In a similar state of affairs, when a loving female parent realizes her boy or girl is losing, she is most likely to hold a much more dramatic and concerned attitude when compared to Mother Courage. Despite the loss of her kid, Mother Courage seems to hold the antonym of this. She decides to travel off with her auto and her two other kids to go on their support ; a sense of sarcasm is present every bit good. The technique here is to utilize illustrations, once more, to turn out that Mother Courage may non be the lovingness female parent she should be.

Then loses her two other kids because of her ain opportunism in seeking to protect her cart instead so her kids. First she loses Swiss Cheese when she denies of cognizing her boy as she was asked and as a consequence, he is executed in torment. So in trade for her cart, she abuses Swiss Cheese & # 8217 ; s sovereignty. Then she loses her girl while Kattrin was warning the town of Halle of invasion. These three experiences of & # 8216 ; trade & # 8217 ; with war shows that Mother Courage embodies the qualities of cowardliness ; for preferring the cart for her ain public assistance over her kids, dishonesty ; when she denies to the Sargent of cognizing Swiss Cheese, and selfishness ; for taking her ain benefits one time once more.

Madame Raquin occupies the

function of a really protective female parent in the work, Th? R? se Raquin. She besides holds great duty for taking attention of Camille and his female cousin, Th? R? Se. Camille has been ill since his childhood, so she is besides considered Camille’s guardian angel. During the ulterior old ages of her life, she virtually had to take attention of Camille’s friend, Th? R? se’s 2nd hubby, Laurent, every bit good. From this, Zola decides to utilize Camille, Th? R? Se and Laurent to show what he perceives as the ‘ideal’ maternal inherent aptitude.

From Camille & # 8217 ; s childhood until he reaches maturity, Madame Raquin would ne’er life an oculus off him. She makes certain that he is safe wherever he went ; he is ne’er allowed to travel to school or learn to swim. Through this over-protection, she shapes Camille & # 8217 ; s character. She merely allows Camille to play with Th? R? Se, which makes him go really dependent on Th? R? Se as they & # 8220 ; coddled like an ailing kid & # 8221 ; , shared bed and medicine together and & # 8220 ; kept in the hot house ambiance of the small invalid & # 8217 ; s room & # 8221 ;

Not merely did Madame Raquin restrict Camille & # 8217 ; s life, but besides Th? R? Se & # 8217 ; s life. Discontent accumulated in her bosom as she is described as person with & # 8220 ; supreme self-denial, an external repose that concealed awful explosions of passion & # 8221 ; , ensuing to her unmanageable pique that lead to adultery. This besides made Camille miss the ability to pass on with people other so his household members, which shrunk his societal life. His lone opportunity to socialise is every Thursday, when Laurent and other friends come and visit him.

Zola chose to utilize sarcasm to demo the great impact that Madame Raquin & # 8217 ; s regulations over Camille & # 8217 ; s life has on his hereafter, besides demoing the method that Madame Raquin idea was the best manner to learn and protect Camille. Madame Raquin is so disquieted about the life and decease of Camille, that & # 8220 ; at any suggestion that he should travel off to get oning school & # 8221 ; or the idea of & # 8220 ; books would be the decease of him & # 8221 ; , she would tremble all over and believed that & # 8220 ; off from her he would decease & # 8221 ; .

Zola is besides an impressionistic author, which means Zola & # 8220 ; efforts to show the immediate esthesiss of the universe and events. & # 8221 ; He used the narrow, dark, moist, & # 8220 ; dirty, evil and glooming & # 8221 ; span to give an feeling of the limitations that Madame Raquin imposes on Camille. This emphasizes on how Madame Raquin & # 8217 ; s manner of protecting her boy is dry because of the feeling of isolation from the society and the sense of asphyxiation of limitations. The sarcasm is, by non leting freedom in Camille & # 8217 ; s life, Madame Raquin is indirectly taking him onto the route to no adult male & # 8217 ; s land. He believes that everything Madame Raquin is making is for his good. The other impressionistic image is the absence of visible radiation in the glooming span, hence it gives an feeling that it is someplace that is isolated, as if detached from the remainder of the influential and crying elements of society. Consequently here, Madame Raquin shapes Camille & # 8217 ; s character by forestalling him from holding an & # 8216 ; untamed & # 8217 ; bosom which may kill him, ironically.

Conclusively, the two female parents in these two novels both have their ain features and their ain manner of covering with their kids. But non everyone may admit the ways they deal with their single jobs, some people may O.K. of it as being maternal love, and some others may differ. Even the writers may non hold entirely approved, they may hold used intentionalist false belief in order to portray the stereotypic female parent. Either manner, both writers chose to utilize state of affairss where maternal love was either needed or lacked ; as in Mother Courage, or was otiose ; as in Th? R? se Raquin, to uncover maternal inherent aptitudes through different subdivisions of the secret plan.


? Brecht, B. ( 1980 ) . Mother bravery and her kids. England: Methuen.

? Galloway, P. ( 1996 ) . Theater Humanistic disciplines: Mothers [ 6 paragraphs ] . [ Online ] Available:

hypertext transfer protocol: //

? Webster ( 1993 ) . Webster & # 8217 ; s dictionary plus thesaurus. United statess: Nickel Press.

? World Book, Inc. ( 1989 ) . The universe book encyclopedia [ Volume I ] .

United statess: World Book, Inc.

? Zola, E. ( 1962 ) . Th? R? se Raquin. England: Penguin.


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