The human population in the world is increasing day by day, whereas the garbage and waste amount is getting more. However, appliying composting in every area in life, especially at home which has the biggest waste sources, reduces garbages and wastes. In this way, apart from saving the environment, it has several benefits for soil, payments and resources. Composting is one of the methods that makes wastes useful. Thanks to using compost machines at home, lower garbage is formed. Other garbages which are composted accumulate in a form where people use them again. Composting at home is a useful method for saving the environment, improving soil quality, consting less and preserving resources.
One of the important benefits of composting at home is the fact that it saves the environment. To begin with, making composting anywhere in the world helps to save the natural life. As an example, marine pollution reduces when organic matters and water are composted. It is reported in the article “Benefits of Composting Toilets” that nourishing load on streams and rivers give rise to more accessible oxygen which provides a better marine life action (2007, “Reduced Marine Pollution” section).
Clearly, the application of composting mechanism in waste water affects marine life in a good way. Moreover, the air in homes after composting becomes fresher. Epstein indicates that, biofilters and chemical scrubbers can clean the exhaust from refreshed static pile and because of this emission of odors and VOCs, composting provides upper levels of odors (1997, p. 340). In the light of this example, it can be said that composting is a source of fresh air. All these facts prove that composting at home saves the environment.
Aside form saving the environment, another benefit of home composting is saving the
soil. The first main consequence of home composting is controlling erosion. Diaz, Savage, Eggerth and Golueke mention on page 176 that missing organic matter can be put back because of the composting activation of the compost market and organic soil alderations, while loss of organic mattters in soil is a source of erosion (1993). It shows that composting reduces the risk of erosion. Also, a reduction of harmful effects can be easily observed with composting. Epstein (1997) says, “No data were found on volatilization of toxic organics from compost applied to the soil surface” (p. 200). In the light of this example, it is seen that composting decreases the amount of harmful effects in soil.All in all, it can be safely said that composting is beneficial for saving the soil.
The second main benefit of composting at home is improvement of soil quality. In the first place, making composting affects soil products in a good way. Primarily, quality increases and plants get bigger sizes. In 1997, Epstein asserted that huge numbers of seedlings can be observed in the compost because of the fact that composting is impressive in decreasing plant pathogens and perfect plant development is a result of composting (pp. 410-411). This would suggest that composting can be used for better growth and quality in plants.
What is more, more nutritious foods can be possible with composting. According to Epstein’s comments on pages 80 and 82, in composting, ingredients can show a difference from their origins. As a sample, biosolids receive the ongoing procedure and the food wastes include fewer amounts of cellulose, lignin than wheat straw or bagasse, implying greater protein and little fat or cellulose than the wastes (1997). Thus, it can be said that composting provides more nutritious foods. As it is clear from these examples, composting at home improves soil quality.
In addition to the improvement of soil quality, composting at home also makes opportunuties for better soil texture. One of these is that composting at home improves soil texture. It is said in “The Secret to Succesful Living-Healthy Soil” that ” The easiest way to improve soil’s texture is to add compost. Compost improves water and nutrient retention in sandy soils while it improves drainage and aeration in clay soils and silt” (n.d., “The Texture of Soil” section). As seen above, composting is beneficial for the development of soil texture. Additionaly, reduction of soil diseases is more possible by composting at home. As Bollen, cited in Epstein explains, compost is a good process because of the fact that composting of plant residues is good at dissolving plant pathogens (1997, p. 419). Briefly, composting reduces the risk of diseases. Considering the information above, it can be safely said that composting is beneficial for soil contexture.
The final significiant benefit of composting at home is the fact that costs get less and resources are preserved. Above all, payments costs less with composting at home. For example, with the usage of composting at home the water bill gets lower. It is explained in the article “Benefits of Composting Toilets” (2007) that, an important amount of water can be saved, unless the household is placed on the resource and payments can decrease down to 60% with composting operations and wastewater re-utilization in irrigation (“Water Use Reduction” section).
It is visible that composting reduces the water bill sharply. Furthermore, garbage tax is lower with composting at home. It is said in article “Composting The Basics”, “Studies have shown that home composting can divert an average of 700 lbs. of material per household per year from the waste stream”(2006, “Food wastes: Vermicomposting and Food Digestors” section ). It is reported in the article ” Solid Waste Task Force”, payments that are
concerned with waste diversions like composting are funded from tax base and people can be
able to charge their payments easier by composting (2002, p. 2). As seen above, composting decreases the amount of garbages and this its taxes will reduce in various ways. All of these prove that composting reduces payments.
Apart from lower payments, composting at home also preserves resources. One reason for composting at home is recyling. It is reported in the article “Composting the Basics” (2007) that, because composting is a conversion of organic material through dissolution into a soil-like material, composting can be seen as a habitual style of recycling (para. 1).
According to the explanations above, composting is the natural way of recycling. Besides, saving reservoirs becomes easier with composting. The Division of Water Resources writes that appliying the composting method to plants’ green parts and mulch -close to flowers or trees- decreases water usage (n.d., “Recylcing” section). It can be certainly said that composting keeps the water resources intact while it diminishes more water consumption. Lastly, the benefits of composting are important like preserving the resources.
In conclusion, the composting mechanism has several benefits when applied in homes, such as safe guarding and enhancing both nature and its contents, also reducing payments. The environment is becoming cleaner because of the protection of natural life and soil by composting. With composting, soil products and its contexture become better and it also reduces payments and saves resources. All of the people should have a knowledge about composting and they should use it in their homes. Thanks to the application of composting everywhere, the world will be better to live in and both people and environment will be less harmed.