This study is about carry oning a parking survey at Seneca College, Newnham Campus, located in the North York vicinity of Toronto. The parking survey will analyse the bing parking conditions produced by the pupils parking activities on a peculiar twenty-four hours, and measure future parking features based on the pupil prognosis population growing at the college. Seneca College represents one of the largest colleges in Canada and has seen important growing for the past 10 old ages. A 150,000 square pes edifice is presently being constructed at the campus and is expected to suit an extra of 1000 pupils in the hereafter ( “ Seneca ” ) . The pupil population growing at the campus is increasing at a rate of 3.5 per centum every twelvemonth and the figure of pupils utilizing the parking batch installations is increasing every bit good ( Di Rezze ) . It is of import to guarantee that the figure of parking infinites available on the campus is sufficient plenty to suit the current extremum parking demand and the projected extremum parking demand for the following 10 old ages. An rating of the present and future parking conditions will find if there are alterations need to be made in the parking direction.
The purpose of the study is to place the extremum parking hours during the twenty-four hours, and find if the current parking supply is sufficient plenty to suit the present and future parking demand during the peak hours. The study will besides concentrate on placing parking issues when taking measurings of bing parking informations, and supply schemes to the issues observed.
A parking survey was conducted during the summer 2010 to find the bing parking demand from the figure of full-time pupils utilizing the parking batch installations on a peculiar twenty-four hours. The parking tonss were surveyed during daytime hours on a weekday. The day of the month and clip of the study are specified in the survey methodological analysis subdivision. Parking informations for the eventide hours and weekend ‘s hours were non included in the study because they would demo different consequences. Evening hours contains parttime pupils merely, and during the weekend most of the pupils prefer to remain at place.
Ten parking tonss were present within the survey country and merely four of them were included in the parking survey. These four parking tonss are used to suit pupil vehicles whereas the staying six ( with the exclusion of parking batch 8 ) are used for other intents. The grounds for their exclusions are explained below:
Parking tonss 1 and 3 are used by the staff merely
Parking batch 2 is used for bead off and short term parking merely
Parking batch 8 is seldom used by the pupil and is located rather far from the college. The parking informations ensuing from tenancy of vehicles in this country will hold no impacts on the bing parking conditions.
Parking tonss 9 and 10 are intended for the residents of the Newnham Campus abode and conference Centre
The range of this undertaking includes the followers:
Develop a survey country to depict the country being analyzed. This subdivision provides a description of the undertaking site location and information about the parking tonss such as the parking cost and their locations on a map.
Develop an stock list of the parking installations at the college, demoing the figure of parking infinites attributed to each of the parking batch in the survey country.
Perform an onsite study of the parking tonss to detect the bing parking conditions, place the figure of pupils utilizing the parking batch installations in a twenty-four hours.
Analyze the consequences from the study and place peak parking demand.
Supply a description of present pupil population and expected pupil population growing in the following 10 old ages. Perform a comparative analysis between present population and bing parking informations, and gauge future extremum parking demand.
Analyze parking demands for future parking demand
Propose schemes to the parking issues observed during the survey.
The survey country focuses on the survey of the parking tonss available within the campus. The parking tonss were surveyed to find the figure of residents during daytime hours and to obtain bing parking demand informations. Seneca College is located at 1750 Finch Avenue East and can besides be accessed at the intersection of Don Mills Road and Au Large Boulevard. The survey country is outlined in figure 1 and is the country represented within the ruddy boundary line. The country contains a sum of 10 parking tonss, Seneca College edifices and the Newnham Residence and Conference Centre. Six of the parking tonss were non included when executing the parking survey. The grounds for their exclusions are specified in the range.
Figure: Study country
Four parking tonss were surveyed in the survey country and were divided into two countries ; Area 1 and Area 2. Area 1 contains parking tonss 6 and 7, and Area 2 contains parking tonss 4 and 5. Area 1 is located on the west side of Au Large Boulevard and Area 2 is found on the East side of Au Large Boulevard, right in forepart of the college chief edifices. Both countries are used for the adjustment of pupil vehicles and their locations within the campus are outlined in figure 2. The letters in the figure represent the appellations for the Seneca edifices on the campus.
Figure: Parking tonss locations within the campus
The figure of parking infinites contained in each country is shown in table 1. Parking infinite stock list informations were obtained from the parking section office at Seneca College. Parking operates from 6.00 A.M to 17.00 P.M during daytime hours on the weekdays, at a fix rate of $ 5.00 for the full continuance clip and the parking capacity in both countries is 1343 parking infinites ( Jahagan ) . The factors that drive the pupils in these two countries are the fixed monetary value rate and the close location of the parking tonss from the college.
Number of Parking Spaces
6.00 A.M to 7.00 P.M
6.00 A.M to 7.00 P.M
Table: Parking stock list information
Parking Study Methodology
A parking survey was conducted to obtain bing parking informations and to analyse the parking activities in Area 1 and Area 2. Parking information was collected for every hr of the survey clip to find the figure of vehicles present throughout the twenty-four hours. The survey was performed during a weekday for a continuance clip of 11 hours get downing from 6.00 A.M to 17.00 P.M. The findings of the study are assumed to be the same for every weekday. Parking informations for the weekends was non obtained and is non included in this undertaking. It would demo different consequences, since the figure of pupils coming to school on the weekends is less compared to during the weekdays.
‘The study was carried out by first numbering the figure of vehicles come ining and go forthing the parking tonss for each hr of the survey clip. Accumulative reaching and cumulative going were tabulated to obtain the entire figure of vehicles present in each country during the twenty-four hours. Accretion of vehicles for each hr was obtained by deducting the cumulative reaching and cumulative going values. The accretion informations represents the figure of vehicles present at the parking tonss for each hr ‘ ( “ Parking Lot Design ” ) . Parking tenancy rate was determined from the figure of vehicles parked divided by the parking capacity of the country. The two subdivisions below represent the informations obtained when appraising the parking tonss in Area 1 and Area 2.
Parking Data For Area 1
Parking informations for Area 1 is outlined in table 2. This country contains a sum of 964 parking infinites available to the pupils ( Jahagan ) . The counts were taken between 6.00 A.M and 5.00 P.M on the 20th of May 2010.
( A.M to P.M )
6 – 7
7 – 8
8 – 9
9 – 10
10 – 11
11 – 12
12 – 13
13 – 14
14 – 15
15 – 16
16 – 17
Table: Existing parking informations for Area 1
Parking Data For Area 2
Parking informations for Area 2 is outlined in table 3. This country contains a sum of 352 parking infinites available to the pupils ( Jahagan ) . The counts were taken between 6.00 A.M and 5.00 P.M on the 20th of May 2010.
( A.M to P.M )
6 – 7
7 – 8
8 – 9
9 – 10
10 – 11
11 – 12
12 – 13
13 – 14
14 – 15
15 – 16
16 – 17
Table: Existing parking informations for Area 2
Existing Parking Conditionss
The informations obtained from the parking survey were represented in graphical formats. The graphical reading of these consequences will depict the strength of parking use at the two countries during the twenty-four hours, show the tendencies in parking demand and place the clip when extremum parking demand occurs.
The bing parking conditions for Area 1 are outlined in table 4. A sum of 1134 vehicles were observed to busy this country between 6.00 A.M and 17.00 P.M. Accumulation of vehicles bit by bit increases from 6.00 A.M until 14.00 P.M. From 14.00 P.M to 17.00 P.M the figure of vehicles bit by bit decreases, bespeaking that most of the pupils are go forthing the school during that period. Peak parking demand was observed to be about 670 over a parking capacity of 964 parking infinites, happening between 13.00 A.M and 14.00 P.M survey hours.
Table: Existing extremum parking demand for Area 1
The bing parking conditions for Area 2 are outlined in table 5. A sum of 965 vehicles were observed to busy this country between 6.00 A.M and 17.00 P.M. The accretion of vehicles experiences a rapid addition from 6.00 A.M boulder clay 10 A.M and increases easy until 14.00 P.M bespeaking that most of the parking infinites were already taken during that period. The parking demand bit by bit decreases between 14.00 P.M and 17.00 P.M. Peak parking demand was observed to be about 350 over a parking capacity of 352 parking infinites, and takes topographic point between 12.00 P.M and 14.00 P.M.
Table: Existing extremum parking demand for Area 2
A per centum tenancy graph is shown in table 6 to depict the strength of parking use in both countries during the daytime hours. The mean tenancy rate for Area 1 is 41 per centum, with 69 per centum tenancy happening during peak hours ( between 13.00 P.M and 14.00 P.M ) . With an mean tenancy below 70 per centum, the drivers had no troubles in happening a convenient parking infinite in this country. The mean tenancy rate for Area 2 is 75 per centum, with 99 per centum tenancy during peak hours ( between 12.00 P.M and 13.00P.M ) . This country was invariably packed with vehicles throughout the twenty-four hours compared to country 1, due to its closer location from the college. At certain times of the twenty-four hours between 9.00 A.M and 14.00 P.M, the tenancy exceeded 90 per centum and the drivers were sing holds in happening available parking infinites, doing traffic congestion to happen. When the tenancy was below 85 per centum, the following arriving vehicle easy managed to happen a parking infinite.
Table: Percentage tenancy informations
A sum-up of the findings based on the readings of the consequences is explained below. The parking informations in both countries were combined together to stand for the following bing parking conditions at Seneca College:
The parking tonss in both countries occupied a sum of 2100 pupil vehicles throughout the twenty-four hours. Some of these vehicles came in the forenoon, during noon and so left two to three hours subsequently. This figure is assumed to be the same everyday during the weekdays.
The bing extremum parking demand for any mean weekday is around 1020 parking infinites happening between 12.00 P.M and 14.00 P.M. The parking capacity is 1343 parking infinites. Therefore the current parking supply is adequate to suit the bing extremum parking demand. No extra parking infinites are needed based on the present conditions.
The mean tenancy rate for Area 1 is 41 per centum and for Area 2 is 75 per centum. When tenancy exceeded 90 per centum in Area 2, there were troubles in happening parking infinites. This happened during the peak parking hours. However the pupils were able to travel from Area 2 to Area 1 to happen convenient parking infinites, whereas some preferable to remain and wait for the following vehicle to go, therefore doing traffic congestion in the country during the peak hours.
Future Parking Conditionss
Future parking conditions were evaluated to find if the current parking supply would be adequate to suit the hereafter extremum parking demand for the twelvemonth 2020. First measure was to analyse the present pupil population at Seneca and execute an appraisal of the prognosis pupil population growing. A statistic analysis was so performed to cipher the hereafter extremum parking demand based on the bing parking conditions and the pupil prognosis population growing.
Present and Forecast Student Population
There are a sum of 10300 full-time pupils presently go toing the school for the twelvemonth 2010 at the Newnham Campus ( Di Rezze ) . The population growing informations was obtained from the enrollment office at Seneca College. The enrollment and statistics office prepares the enrolment projection informations and based on a smart growing program with sufficient capital support from the authorities, predicts a 3.5 per centum one-year addition in student population every twelvemonth ( Di Rezze ) . The one-year per centum addition is merely a anticipation, which means the existent pupil population in ten old ages may change depending on future fortunes. However the difference would non be that much. The 3.5 per centum one-year addition was used as the base to cipher the pupil population for the following 10 old ages. The tendency in pupil population growing was represented in a graphical format and is outlined in table 7. The graph shows a steady addition in student population for the following 10 old ages and predicts about 14530 pupils for the twelvemonth 2020.
Table 7: Student population growing
Future Peak Parking Demand
The bing parking demand obtained from the parking survey is 2100 vehicles during the twenty-four hours, with a peak parking demand of 1020 during the peak hours. This information was interpreted into a survey ratio analysis to gauge the hereafter extremum parking demand, and is represented below into a two stairss computation. The survey predicts a parking demand of 2970 vehicles for the twelvemonth 2020, with a peak parking demand of 1440 vehicles. The peak parking demand will transcend the current parking capacity of 1343 parking infinites, and at that place will a shortage of 97 parking infinites.
Peak Parking Demand
Table 8: Forecast peak parking demand
Measure 1: Calculating hereafter parking demand
Present pupil population ( twelvemonth 2010 ) = 10300
Existing parking demand = 2100
Forecast pupil population ( twelvemonth 2020 ) = 14530
Future parking demand= x 14530 = 2963
Measure 2: Calculating hereafter extremum parking demand
Existing parking demand = 2100
Existing extremum parking demand = 1020
( From 12.00 P.M to 14.00 P.M )
Future parking demand = 2963
Future extremum parking demand= ten 2963 = 1440
( From 12.00 P.M to 14.00 P.M )
Parking Cost Projection
Parking cost for the twelvemonth 2020 was estimated by executing an analysis of the old parking monetary values for the past five old ages. The parking monetary value in 2005 was 4.5 cents, remained the same for the following two old ages, increased by 50 cents in 2008 and is at the same monetary value for this current twelvemonth ( Jahagan ) . From the survey analysis, it is assumed that parking monetary value on the campus additions by 50 cents for every three old ages interval. The parking monetary value will hence be seven dollar for the twelvemonth 2020, which is non a large difference from the present monetary value ( five dollar ) . The parking cost projection informations is shown in table 9 below.
Table 9: Parking cost projection
Analysis and Recommendations
Based upon the anticipations of parking conditions for the twelvemonth 2020, the survey country will see a parking demand of 1440 vehicles during extremum hours, which will transcend the current parking supply ( 1343 parking infinites ) with a shortage of 97 parking infinites. There is a parking batch ( represented on figure 2 as P8 ) located on the east side corner of Area 1 and has 271 parking infinites available. This parking batch is presently non being used by the pupils due to its far location from the college, but would be expected to see alterations in the hereafter when tenancy of vehicles in Area 1 and 2 will make beyond parking capacity. With pupils expected to utilize parking batch 8 in the hereafter, the parking capacity will alter to a entire supply of 1614 parking infinites, and will be sufficient plenty to suit the prognosis extremum parking demand of 1440 vehicles. Therefore there will be a excess of 174 parking infinites during the peak hours.
However some issues were identified when reexamining the study consequences for the bing parking conditions in Area 2. Drivers were sing holds in happening parking infinites when tenancy of vehicles in the country was close to parking capacity. This happened during the peak parking hours from 12.00 P.M to 14.00 P.M. Some of the drivers had to travel to other parking tonss to happen available parking infinites, whereas others preferred to remain and wait for the following vehicle to go and happen an available parking topographic point, therefore taking advantage of the country ‘s close location from the college and doing traffic congestion to happen. It is in homo ‘s nature that a individual will instead wait for an available parking infinite located near from its finish, instead than to park his vehicle at a far location and so walks a long distance to make his finish. Despite holding available parking infinites for the present and future conditions, it is clear that parking holds and traffic congestion will go on to go on in the hereafter during the peak parking hours, when the pupils will be expected to utilize parking batch 8 and other pupils will instead remain and wait for available parking chances in countries 1 and 2. In order to work out this present and forecast parking issue happening during peak parking hours, the ideal solution will be to diminish the present and forecast extremum parking demand. Several schemes refering this issue are explained below
Increasing Parking Costss For Students
When reexamining the parking cost projection informations in subdivision 5.3, the current monetary value for parking is $ 5 for the whole twenty-four hours ( 6.00 A.M to 5 P.M ) , and is expected to increase to $ 7 by the twelvemonth 2020. When comparing the current monetary value to the parking activities during the peak parking hours, it is arguably excessively low to deter the pupils to utilize the parking installations. Even the little addition of $ 2 in ten old ages will non do any difference as parking activities will still be busy during the peak hours. Therefore, increasing the current monetary value at a much higher rate and keeping a changeless addition for the following 10 old ages, will decidedly act upon a displacement in manner of travel towards the campus. Students will be more encourage in utilizing theodolite or shuttle services to come to school instead than utilizing vehicles. Increasing the parking monetary value will assist cut down the present and future extremum parking demand, the pupils will no longer experience holds in happening parking infinites, and at that place will non be any traffic congestion during the peak hours.
Introducing Hourly Paid Parking Tickets
The monetary value of parking at the campus is a fixed rate get downing from 6.00 A.M to 5.00 P.M during the weekday. Sometimes pupils park their vehicles for the whole twenty-four hours when they merely have categories in the forenoon, lending to accretion of vehicles during the peak parking hours. As a consequence a pupil coming in the noon hours ( peak hours ) will hold a difficult clip in happening a parking infinite, and will wait to acquire one which is located closer from the college. Introducing paid parking tickets for every four hours will change by reversal the state of affairs. The pupils will desire to remain merely when they have categories, leave the parking country when their categories are done, and give topographic point to other new geting vehicles. It will assist to cut down the present and future extremum parking demand. This scheme will besides promote pupils to utilize theodolite or shuttle services more frequently, since they will non desire to pay twice if they are willing to remain at school for the whole twenty-four hours.
A parking survey was conducted at Seneca College to analyse the present and forecast parking conditions ensuing from the pupil parking activities. The focal point of this study was to indentify parking issues and find if the current parking supply would be adequate to suit present and forecast parking demand during the peak hours. The survey was carried out by first depicting the survey country and supplying an stock list of the current parking supply. The parking tonss were so surveyed to obtain bing parking informations and to place peak parking demand during the twenty-four hours. Peak parking demand for the twelvemonth 2020 was calculated based on the prognosis pupil population and bing parking informations. Finally schemes were provided to the issues observed during the survey.
As a whole, the consequences from the survey shows that the parking supply at the campus is sufficient plenty to suit both the present and forecast extremum parking demand. The parking supply will increase from 1343 to 1614 parking infinites in the twelvemonth 2020 to suit the extremum parking demand of 1440 vehicles. The extra parking infinites will come from parking batch 8 which is located on the east side of Area 1. This parking batch is presently non being used by the pupils due to its far location, and because of easy entree to other parking infinites in country 1 and 2, which are in close propinquity from the college. However when tenancy of vehicles in country 1 and 2 will make near to parking capacity during the peak hours in the hereafter, pupils will be expected to utilize parking batch 8, hence no development will be required in the campus to supply extra parking infinites. There were besides some parking issues identified during the present extremum parking hours. Schemes to decide these parking issues are provided in the recommendation subdivision.