A connexion is an avenue of interaction that establishes and develops a relationship between people. topographic points. and civilization. Connections as societal concepts may be positive or negative. impacted by internal beliefs. values and thoughts that underlie the external determiners of environment. attitudes and civilization within society. Poet Les Murray and pedagogue Jane Elliott critically explore in their texts the cultural disjunction in the Australian and Canadian communities in response to the interaction of these factors and their consequence on the avenues of interaction between people.

Les Murray’s Sydney and the Bush embodies the poet’s personal connexion and fond regard to the ‘farmer lifestyle’ as he blames the disjunction of urban and rural Australia wholly on the city’s infatuation with mercenary pleasance. This consequently emphasises his value of the nature of rural society. Murray perceives the infatuation as an external attitude of the modernized and corrupted urban society. factored by the metropolis individual’s internal values of luxury. wealth and power being the unmistakable cause of the cultural divide.

He reinforces this impression through the technique of repeat. utilizing the phrase ‘When Sydney’ in order to sporadically tag the patterned advance of cultural disjunction and stress the imputing internal and external factors. “When Sydney ordered munificent books. and warmed her pess with coal” reiterates the internal necessity for comfort and edification as few of limited beginnings of satisfaction.

Les Murray farther develops the construct of disjunction in the verse form when “then Bushman sank and mills rose. and warders set the tone” . contextualising this to uncover a loss of cultural individuality for the rural community through industrialization. “Then inmates bled and warders bred. the shrub went back and back” whereby the poet suggests that nature is the cardinal value of the husbandman life style. regulating the internal and external factors of their connexions. which in this verse form is a disjunction to the urban society.

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Therefore. Murray demonstrates that our connexions are negatively impacted by internal and external factors. showing a critical position that reflects his ain value of and connexion to nature and its simpleness as a beginning of contentment. creates another societal review of the urban societal hierarchy contrast he begins the verse form with “When Sydney and the Bush foremost met. there was no unfastened ground” and ends with a juxtaposing “When Sydney and the Bush meet now. There is no common ground” enabling readers to place the divided Australia in its urban and rural communities.


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