In the 18tenth century, European society saw the rise of a group of people called philosophes. They brought new ideas and trends which made changes in the excising monarchy. These new ideas of the philosophes caused many changes in economics, politics, religion and “The science of man. ” With their journalism and phiolisphy, they change how some people were viewed in society. They brought new light into a old system that in time changed, and brought us into the age of enlightenment.

The home land and birth of these ideas of the philosopes was France. This is ere new thoughts like enlightenment by reason, respected for humanity, and science came from. This all started in the 17th centry with different men that were put into a class by there believes and writings that were called philosophes. They were also referred to as the party of humanity. The age was impressed by ideas that came from Isaac Newton’s discovery of the universe gravitation.

Many men thought that if humanity could so unlock God’s very own laws then why could we not discover the laws of nature in society. People started examining values again and released knowledge ame from experience. It was a up hill struggle against considerable odds to get the ideas of enlightenment to be accepted by society, and from it caused several to be imprisoned for there writings. But, in time many philosophes started taking control of established intellectual academies and their ideas started getting increased publication by newspapers and books.

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This got there ideas out to the people and excepted more. Political ideas were changed greatly buy philosophes over time and this made life promising for all of Europe. One writer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, wrote many original orks of literature; they were Social Contract, Emile, and Confessions these writings had a profound influence on political and educational theory and were impulses to the 19th centry life. Rousseas writings inspired and had a major impacted on radicals that started the French Revolution.

Another man with the name of Bre’deet de Montesquieu influence some to take a second look traditional political ideas with his book The Spirit of the Laws. In this book he stated that no one system of government should suit all countries. With this statement it made everyone with a little power to think about the ituation on how people were controlled. Theses new ideas coming out all over Europe started up new economics, which brought a new term into society, economic liberalism, which helped form this era.

Religious ideas were changing mainly because of the philosophes ideas of what should be important in one’s life. Holbach thought that people were trying to reinvent God’s laws to hold back certain pleasures that one should have that one should have the right to experience. People started to take his thoughts to heart and started to live a little. Philosophes did not renounce religion but felt society should change their ideas on entering on the next life.

Instead, the philosophes thought one should focus on the the life they are living now and making it better. The idea basically means worldly happiness was placed before religious salvation. This was a radical idea because the church had the power over the people and the church felt it was being attacked. Time caused humanitarian reform, the decline of the church, and the growth of a new modern society. The philosophies brought a huge impact to society in Europe in the means of their new ideas in politics, economics, religion, and the science of man.


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