Counseling Techniques Sarah B. Flusher Bellevue University Abstract Counseling Techniques come in a wide variety of models and from many different theories of counseling. The counseling techniques described during any motivational interviewing process are the basic techniques that will be addressed in this paper. Motivational interviewing techniques include: Asking open-ended questions, using affirmations, forming reflective statements, and providing a summary, these techniques along with body language and empathy work together to form a trust teen client and helper.

Keywords: open-ended questions, affirmations, reflective statements, providing a summary, body language, and empathy For clients to feel free to talk about themselves, you need to provide attention, active listening, and empathy. (Corey, 2011. P. 134) These skills are all part of techniques learned in motivational interviewing. Motivational Interviewing is an empathic, gentle, and skillful style of counseling that helps practitioners have productive conversations with individuals with co-occurring and other disorders. Http://www. Samara. Ova) Open Ended Questions An open question is one that is used in order to gathering lots of information – you ask it with the intent of getting a long answer. A closed question is one used to gather specific information – it can normally be answered with either a single word or a short phrase. Good counseling techniques to know! (Perry 2008. P. 113). Open ended questions will begin with “what” or “HOW’. Asking questions that will lead them into telling a story will get you more information. This is information you will need to alp your client.

Using Affirmations Being able to support clients in their strengths can start to build their self-esteem and empower them to get their life back. Providers can empower individuals by using language that affirms their strengths. (http://www. Samara. Gob) This type of language could include saying things like, “I’m really glad you are talking about this,” or Mimi shared that with such enthusiasm,” these kind of phrases can affirm that the client is supported and has good thoughts or ideas of their own and this will get them to talk ore and to focus on some positive situations out of the negative thoughts that have brought them to you.

Forming Reflective Statements. To make a reflective statement just take what the client has shared with you and simply reflect it back to them using a feeling word. The purpose of a reflective statement is to allow the client to hear what they are sharing with the feeling word so they are able to process their emotions that they leave out of when they share. Practitioners can show individuals Tanat teen are listening Ana unreason Issues Trot tenet perspective Day slung afflictive statements.

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The use of reflective statements also allows individuals to hear their own words and resolve ambivalence. Depending on the individual’s stage of change, practitioners may use different types of reflective statement. (http:// www. Internationalization. Org) Using reflective statements will allow the client to lead the session and it will help to follow what they feel their needs are. Providing a Summary. In order to provide an accurate summary of the discussion between you and your client you should be actively listening. Active listening happens when you “listen for meaning”.

The listener says very little but conveys much interest. The listener only speaks to find out if a statement (or two or twenty) has been correctly heard and understood. (Perry, 2008, p. 29) Summarizing is focusing on the main points of a presentation or conversation in order to highlight them. At the same time you are giving the “gist”, you are checking to see if you are accurate. (Perry, 2008. P. 113) Body Language. One specific thing that is good to implement when using body engage as a techniques is to model the client’s behavior.

For instance if the client is on edge and sitting up and anxious you should sit up and show how to be calm. Then if the client follows being calm and learns back in the chair you should lean back. This is similar with if a relaxed client comes in you are able to sit relaxed and not cause anxiety to form. Let your body language display your empathy. Show your client that you are paying close attention to them by nodding and giving close but not uncomfortable amount of eye contact. Show your facial expressions for the client to see worry, disgust, or sadness.

This will convey to your client that you empathic with their situation. The motivational interviewing style based on open ended questions, affirmations, reflective listening, and summarizing, are known as OARS. These motivational interviewing techniques along with other counseling techniques are skills that could be mastered by any great counselor. With practice and frequent utilization of these skills you are on your way to becoming an effective trusted helper. References Corey, M. S. And Corey, G. (2011). Becoming a Helper.

Belmont, CA. Brooks/Cole Coinage Learning Perry, W. (2008). Basic Counseling Techniques: A Beginning Therapist’s Tool Kit. Bloomington, IN: Authoress. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration SAMARA. (2013). Publications Motivational Interviewing Retrieved September 9, 2013 from http://www. Samara. Gob/co- occurring/topics/training/skills. Asps Motivational Interviewing. (May/June 2012) Collaborating with Miller and Rollick 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2013 from http:// www. Internationalization. Org


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