Electoral College is a term that refers to a selected group of representatives who perform the undertaking of electing campaigners for peculiar powerful offices such as presidents or church leaders. The choice procedure of electing campaigners normally involves participants from different and viing political or spiritual entities. In the recent yesteryear. the Electoral College has been conspicuously practiced in electing the President of the United Stats and the Pope of the Catholic Church.
It is the US Electoral College that has peculiarly drawn much concern as to its effectivity and dependability in electing the president of the federal democracy. This essay identifies some of the jobs associated with the Electoral College and analyses the deductions of the suggested alterations and options. Analysis of the US Electoral College In the United States. the Electoral College system is used to elect the President from viing campaigners from either the Republican Party. the Democratic Party of independent campaigners.
Rather than elect a president and a vice-president straight through national elections. the US behaviors separate elections in all its 51 provinces during which the victor in each province is allocated the figure of electoral ballots relative to the entire representation of the province in Congress which has a sum of 538 electoral electors. The victor of the presidential competitions is expected to win a sum of 270 ballots of the Electoral College.
Although the design of the Electoral College was cagey and good intentioned. the system is susceptible to built-in defects. some of which were resolved by constitutional amendments while others remain unsolved to day of the month ( Miller. 2008 ) . Indeed. as Miller ( 2008 ) noted. the choice system established by the Electoral College has at its nucleus the aim to further equity in the election of campaigners in non-partisan environment. the motivation was rendered irrelevant with the formation of viing political parties to vie in the choice procedure for the presidential term.
There is no uncertainty that the Electoral College system presents many challenges and jobs to the equity of the Presidential election in the US which include the job of election reversal. jobs with the voting power. partizan biasness. inordinate focal point on battlefield provinces and the likeliness of pledge misdemeanors. One obvious job that emerges from the Electoral College system is that the consequences of adding up the entire electoral ballots in the provinces may stop up being different from adding up the entire popular ballots in all those provinces.
Miller ( 2008 ) identifies the state of affairs of the 2000 elections where the eventual victor. George W. had more electoral ballots but less popular ballot than the also-ran. Albert Gore. Furthermore. in the event that there emerges a serious 3rd party contestant. so it would be impossible for any campaigner to earn the compulsory 270 electoral ballots. Harmonizing to the US fundamental law. the outgrowth of such an contingency would necessitate that the election procedure be taken to the Congress where vote should be conducted repeatedly until a master emerges.
Whereas there are concerns if the Electoral College represents equal allotment of voting powers to all the provinces. there are besides concerns as two whether the bipartisanship of the bipartisan system in the US is likely to stand for non-partisan election of the president. Furthermore. the focal point of the Electoral College on the battlefield states attracts disproportional attending from parties and their campaigners. efficaciously raising inquiries on the voting powers of the other provinces.
Conclusion Some of the suggested proposals suggested include: ( 1 ) amending the fundamental law to authorise the American with the constitutional rights to straight elect the president through a popular ballot ; ( 2 ) allotment of the electoral ballots fractionally harmonizing to the population of provinces so as to extinguish the job of election reversal ; and ( 3 ) equal allotment of the electoral ballots to all provinces to extinguish the job of province vote powers.
The proposal to amend the fundamental law so as to give American the constitutional rights to straight elect the president stands out as the most superior suggestion because it will extinguish all the jobs and challenges associated with the Electoral College. References Miller. N. R. ( 2008 ) . The US electoral college: Beginnings. transmutation. jobs and chances. UMBC. retrieved on 22 May 2009 from: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //userpages. umbc. edu/~nmiller/RESEARCH/ELECTCOL. CONSTDAY. ppt & gt ; .