An author’s intent is his or her ground for composing. Asking two of import inquiries about anything you read will assist you understand the author’s intent:

• Why did the writer compose this?
• What does the writer expect me to larn or make?

The subject and chief thought may incorporate hints that will assist you reply these inquiries and find an author’s intent. If the choice you are reading has a rubric. it excessively may supply hints. You can larn to acknowledge three common intents: to inform. to carry. and to entertain. Facts and illustrations presented objectively are hints that the author’s intent is to inform. Detailss that influence or convince you to believe. experience. or move a certain manner suggest that the author’s intent is to carry. Descriptive inside informations that give you emotional and rational pleasance may bespeak that the author’s intent is to entertain. The type of stuff may besides propose an author’s intent. Textbooks and professional diaries are written to inform. Newspaper columns and articles from particular involvement magazines are frequently written to carry. Essays. fiction. and some personal involvement narratives in periodicals are written to entertain. An writer may hold more than one intent. but one intent will rule. For illustration. an writer who wants to carry readers to seek a new diet may besides necessitate to inform them about its benefits and hazards.

The undermentioned exercisings will assist you find an author’s intent. foremost in sentences. so in paragraphs. and eventually in longer choices.

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Calciferol: Purpose Exercise D. 1

Read the undermentioned sentences. Then circle the author’s intent. In add-on. be prepared to explicate your reply if asked to make so.

1. Aranika Sorenstam was merely the 2nd adult female in history to play in a major
PGA tourney. a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain


2. Womans should make a monthly chest introspection because early sensing of malignant neoplastic disease increases the opportunities for a remedy. a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

3. When asked how she stayed so slender. the manner theoretical account replied. „It’s simple: no nutrient. no drink. no exercising. ” a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

4. Did you know that most tomatoes are picked green before they are sold to grocery shops?

a. inform
b. persuade
d. entertain

5. The sky was the colour of slate. and as the air current began to pick up we knew that a storm was corning. a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

6. Everyone knows that illuminated streets are a hindrance to offense ; hence. the metropolis must put in street lamps in our vicinities. a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

7. The organic structures of fire beetles contain P. a chemical that causes them to glow in the dark. a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
Section D-Determine an Author’s Purpose43


Calciferol: Purpose Exercise D. 2

Read each subject and its beginning. Circle whether the intent is to inform. persuade. or entertain. Then be prepared to explicate your reply if asked to make so.

1. A subdivision in a biological science text edition on the Krebs rhythm
a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain


2. An column pressing you to vote “no” on an approaching referendum a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

3. A missive from your insurance company explicating new benefits for policyholders a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

4. A magazine ad from the California Growers Association asseverating that eating alligator pear is good for you a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

5. A reappraisal in your local newspaper naming a new movie the worst film of the year” a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

6. “Those Winter Sundays” from a aggregation of verse forms by Robert Hayden a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

7. A journal article about ways to better reading comprehension a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
44. Separate 2-Essential Skills
Calciferol: Purpose Exercise D. 3



Read each paragraph. Circle whether the intent is to inform. persuade. or entertain. Be prepared to explicate your reply if asked to make so.

1. The U. S. authorities consists of three subdivisions: the executive subdivision. the legislative subdivision. and the judicial subdivision. Each subdivision has different maps as specified in the U. S. Constitution. The framers intended the three subdivisions to move as cheques and balances so that no 1 subdivision would go more powerful than the others.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

2. The figure of recognition card fraud instances has increased dramatically in recent old ages. To avoid being a victim. guard your recognition cards carefully. Make non allow others utilize your cards. Besides. maintain your Cs and be wary of giving out your recognition card Numberss to anyone.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

3. The manque bank robber slipped a note to the Teller stating. “Hand over your hard currency. or I’ll shoot. ” He pulled aside his jacket to uncover the butt of his gun. The Teller gave him what he asked for. but when he arrived home the constabulary were waiting for him. How did they cognize? The note he had given to the Teller was written on the dorsum of one of his ain sedimentation faux pass. which listed his name and reference.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

4. Frank Sinatra. an entertainer whose popularity spanned several coevalss. died of a bosom onslaught on May 14. 1998. at the age of 82. Although Sinatra made tonss of recordings and starred in many movies. he was best known for his alone cantabile voice.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

5. “Saved by a Dog” read the headline in a Florida newspaper. A child playing excessively near to shore about fell into the jaws of a hungry alligator. A neighbor’s German shepherd came to the deliverance. catching the child’s nappy in his oral cavity and drawing him out of danger. In a unusual turn of destiny. the dog’s name is Gator.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
Section D–Determine an Author’s Purpose


6. The world’s oceans have been overfished to the point that some species are close extinction. Without increased controls on the commercial fishing industry. we may happen our pick of seafood badly limited in the hereafter.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

7. To register to win a year’s worth of food markets. all you have to make is make full in your name. reference. and phone figure on one of the spaces available at any of the check-out procedure counters. No purchase is necessary. and you do non hold to be present to win.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
46Part 2-Essential Skills


Calciferol: Purpose Exercise D. 4

Read each paragraph. Circle whether the intent is to inform. persuade. or entertain. Be prepared to explicate your reply if asked to make so.

1. The metropolis of Orlando has done much to advance its Lynx coach system both to do citizens cognizant that the transit exists and to promote people to utilize it. Some coachs are painted bright colourss. Artists have painted wall paintings. or scenes. on some of the coachs. One coach is decorated with the Orlando Magic squad logo and exposure of some of the participants. Bus stops throughout the metropolis are identified by marks painted with a pink paw print. The l. ynx system offers safe. convenient transit.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

2. If you live in an flat. you should see paying for a refuse pickup service. For a little fee you can go forth your refuse outside your door for pickup on designated yearss. You can salvage yourself the problem of transporting your refuse out to the Dumpster where you might be at hazard. particularly at dark. A no-hassle service will do it less likely that you will let refuse to roll up. pulling bugs and doing an unpleasant olfactory property. Surely. a service like this is good worth the monetary value.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

3. In the yearss before smoke was banned in public edifices. Francine. an lawyer. took her last thoughtful retarding force of coffin nail fume. inhaled. and stubbed out the butt in an ashtray that was already overruning. Looking around for the wastepaper basket. she found a big trash-filled receptacle on the floor beside her secretary’s desk and emptied the ashtray. “Hey! ” cried the secretary. “That’s my bag. ”

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

4. Something should be done to do it safer for us to utilize automatic Teller machines. We have seen excessively many illustrations of people who have gotten robbed or assaulted by hoods while doing a sedimentation or backdown. Besides. it is easy for a stealer to look over someone’s shoulder and memorise an history figure for later usage. Furthermore. we have read studies of burglars who have stolen the machines themselves. doing gratuitous harm and disbursal. This has got to halt.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
Section D- Determine an Author’s Purpose47


5. To equilibrate your chequebook. follow these stairss. First. compose down the balance shown on your statement. Following. add any sedimentations you have made that are non listed on your statement. From this sum subtract the amount of all the cheques you have written that do non demo on your statement. The ensuing figure should hold with the balance shown in your chequebook.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain

6. Yesterday Emily Peterson thought she had won the lottery. When she tried to do a backdown from the ATM on campus. she got a large surprise. First the machine cashed her $ 25 cheque. but so it kept ptyalizing out measures so fast that she could barely catch them. Something clearly was incorrect because she shortly had more money than she knew was in her history. The machine thought it was being robbed and sounded an dismay. Security forces took the money and retrieved a record of Emily’s dealing. Finding no grounds of fiddling. they did non bear down Emily with error. Oh yes. she got her $ 25 back. a. inform

b. persuade
c. entertain

Ronald’s. a bakeshop on South Street. has a cooky for everyone. For illustration. childs love Ronald’s sugar cookies. decorated with sweet frosts and confects. Cocoa lovers can take chocolate bit or cocoa macaroons. For person who likes a cooky that is non excessively sweet. oatmeal raisin is a good pick. Visit Ronald’s today.

a. inform
b. persuade
c. entertain
48Part 2-Essential Skills


Calciferol: Purpose Exercise D. 5

This exercising will assist you find the author’s intent in a longer choice. Read the choice. Then answer the inquiries that follow it.

Planing and Scaning

Planing and scanning are tools of the efficient reader. These two time-saving schemes help readers zero in on the information they need. To go a more efficient reader. do skimming and scanning a portion of your reading procedure. To plane agencies to briefly glimpse over a paragraph or transition to acquire a unsmooth thought of what it is about: its subject. aim. or chief thought. For illustration. skimming is utile for looking through a newspaper article to acquire an thought of what the narrative covers. To find the topic or secret plan of a paper-back book book. plane the debut or the information printed on the back screen. To scan agencies to peek over a page or more to happen a specific piece of information. For illustration. scan the page of a telephone directory to happen a figure. Use scanning to look up a word in a dictionary or to peek through an article to happen a name or a day of the month. Scanning is helpful for happening a subject in an index or for taking a web site from a list of beginnings. Planing and scanning are utile reappraisal schemes. For illustration. planing chapters or articles refreshes the memory. Scaning for day of the months. names. definitions. or other facts saves rereading full subdivisions or chapters.

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