The primary disadvantages of democracy are a general deficiency of answerability. the chance of personal involvement going the prevailing factor in determinations. and negative fiscal deductions. A democracy lays the power to do determinations in the custodies of the bulk. This. ironically. topographic points an accent on both single and group power. A group controls the decision-making procedure. but an influential person can command the group. The issue with democracy. in malice of the power of the people to command the decision-making procedure. is that there is no sense of answerability when the group makes a determination that turns out to be a bad one.
Even peculiarly influential persons in the group who may hold persuaded the bulk to vote for what led to the bad determination is free from incrimination because. finally. everyone in the group is responsible for his or her pick. In this manner democracy. although a group-oriented attack. can go really much about what persons believe is best for themselves and non for the bulk. This type of decision-making besides can be really expensive and have negative fiscal deductions. First. a considerable sum of money can be spent in carrying electors to back up an thought or cause. Second. electors may encompass an thought or cause. such as take downing revenue enhancements. because it sounds ideal when. in pattern. it could take to fiscal catastrophe. Disadvantages of Democracy
Making the incorrect pick
In a democratic state. it is the common adult male who has the supreme right to take their legislative assembly and their prevailing governments. As per a general survey. non all the people are wholly witting of the political fortunes in their state. The common multitudes may non be acquainted of the political affairs in their society. This may take to common adult male taking an erroneous choice during election.
Governments May Lose focal point
As the authorities is bound to alterations and alteration after each election term of office. the governments may work with a interim aim. Since they have to travel through an election process after the decision of each term of office. they may lose focal point on working efficaciously for the citizens and alternatively might concentrate on winning elections.
Hordes Have Influence
A farther disadvantage of democracy is that hosts can pull strings citizens. Peoples may vote in support of a party under the force per unit area of the majority. Constrained or influenced by the thoughts of those around. an person may non set across his/her accurate judgement.
Democracy averts radicalism and encourages teamwork and synchronism. It besides slows things down. Michigans those in authorization making what they wish irrespective of the majority’s desires. Since the military incursion into the Nigerian political scene on January 15. 1966. all the sufferings of this state are placed on the military. Most Nigerians do non desire to hear the word “military” . They see the military as synonymous with evil. But does the military symbolize immoralities? Colonel Muamma Gaddafi is a military officer who seized power from the Libyan Monarch in 1969. Colonel Muamma Gaddafi as a military leader. was able to transform Libya to the enviousness of the universe so much that other subjects including Nigerians are line uping at the Libyan embassy for her visa.
Under a military leading in Libya. Nigerians are hotfooting to the state on a day-to-day footing because the state has a lower rising prices of 1 % than that of Nigeria which is 20 % and a per capita of $ 8. 400 while Nigeria’s per capital is $ 50. If military government is synonymous with evil. why are Nigerians running from a state that is under civil regulation to a state which is under a military leader? Ghana. our neighboring West African state was besides transformed from a corrupt and poorness afflicted state it was. to a transparent and an accountable state by a military officer. Flight lieutenant. John Jerry Rawlings. At the minute. Nigerians are running to populate in Ghana because the state has improved enormously in footings of economic system and infrastructural development.
Ghana has besides attained democratic growing and stableness holding transited from one democratically elective authorities to another two times. However. allow us now compare and contrast the difference between military and civil regulations in Nigeria. Nigeria gained independency from Britain on October 1. 1960. Out of the 50 old ages of Nigeria’s being as an independent state. the armed forces has ruled the state for 29 old ages. Within the 29 old ages the armed forces ruled the state. 3 old ages were used to prosecute the Nigerian civil war. between 1967 to 1970. this means the military really spent 26 old ages to govern the state. Out of the 50 old ages of the nation’s being. civilians have ruled for 21 old ages. So. the difference between the old ages the armed forces have ruled the state and those of civilians nine old ages. The inquiries one is inquiring are. if the armed forces has destroyed the state within the infinite of 29 old ages as claimed by the civil leaders. can’t the civil leaders repair it within a infinite of 21 old ages?
How long does it take to mend what is damaged? What has the civilian leaders be able to rectify since they have been governing the state? Since Nigeria returned to democracy in 1999. we are still hearing the same old vocal by politicians. “You know the military have destroyed the state and you know that it is non easy to mend what has been destroyed” . I find this alibi unacceptable to the Nigerian people because something that was destroyed can be repaired. For case. Germany. France. Austria etc were devastated during the first and 2nd World War but today they have rebuilt to enviable position. Of all the things the military destroyed. which of them has the civilian leaders been able to set right? Some politicians who are out to lead on the hapless multitudes will state that “the worst civilian government is better than military government. ”
But is it ever true that the worst civilian government is better than military government? Politicians are besides speedy to state that “at least we can speak now that we are in a civilian government and that we could non speak during the military disposals. ” I found this statement really amusing because our oral cavities were non muzzled by the military during their disposals. I make bold to state that we spoke more during the military disposals than we do today because so we all saw the military as our common enemy and were united to contend against them. There were so many civil society organisations such as National Democratic Coalition ( NADECO ) which was headed by late Pa Adekunle Ajasin. Campaign for Democracy headed by late Dr. Beko Ransom Kuti. Civil Liberties Organization headed by former President of Nigerian Bar Association ( NBA ) . Olisa Agbakoba ( SAN ) . Afenifere. the Yoruba socio- cultural group headed by late Pa Abraham Adesanya. Association of Senior Staff Union of Universities. headed by the INEC Chairman. Professor Atahiru Jega. Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria ( PENGASSAN ) . headed by Chief Frank Ovie Kokori etc.
These civil society groups spoke openly against the ailments of the military and sent them back to the barracks. At that clip excessively. journalists engaged in radical news media which made the imperativeness really vivacious and added drift to the voice of the multitudes. During the military epoch. telecasting and wireless Stationss were largely owned by both provinces and the federal authoritiess. DAAR communications. proprietor of African Independent Television and Ray power Radio station and Minaj telecasting and FM wireless station which started in 1994 were the lone in private owned broadcast organisations in the state. the remainder belonged to both the provinces and federal authoritiess. Would the authoritiess have allowed the multitudes to utilize their media to knock them? There is no authorities that allows such a thing in any portion of the universe. Let us presume that we did non speak during military disposals. what have we achieved since 1999 that we have been speaking? Have those who claimed to be stand foring us both in the State Houses of Assembly and the National Assembly of all time taken our advise?
We said the National Assembly should go through the Freedom of Information Bill into jurisprudence. have they done it since it was introduced into the house? We said the Justice Mohammed Uwais recommendations on Electoral Reform be adopted by the National Assembly. have they adopted them? The Federal Government has earmarked # 6. 6 billion towards the jubilation of Nigeria’s fiftieth day of remembrance. which the multitudes condemned in entirety. yet the Federal Government is dead set on blowing such sum of money on the jubilation of failure. Will the States and Federal Governments of all time listen to the multitudes? We said the immense allowances our so call representatives are having should be reduced. did they hold to cut down their allowances? A senator receives # 45 million allowance quarterly. while each member of the House of Representatives receives # 27. 2 million allowance quarterly. Each senator receives # 500 million constituency development allowance annually which is non accounted for.
Their wages and other benefits are non included these allowances. Is there justification for such immense allowances sing the fact that they sit for 180 yearss in a twelvemonth? Can we state with a sense of pride that the lives of Nigerians have improved positively since we returned to democracy in 1999? Let me do it clear that democracy is non merely about holding freedom to speak. it goes beyond mere speaking. Democracy is about quality leading that translates into accelerated development and growing in all countries of human aspirations. Democracy goes beyond merely holding civilians in authorities. Any disposal. be it military or civil authorities that can non break or better the lives of the people is a monumental failure. The chief intent of administration is to organize and tackle the wealth of the people for an effectual development that will heighten the criterion of life of the people.
Have we seen such accomplishments and development since 1999? Let us compare and contrast civil disposals since 1999 boulder clay day of the month and military disposals from 1985 boulder clay 1999 when the armed forces handed over the reins of power to civilians. We shall get down this comparing with the economic system. Before the civilians took over authorities in 1999. a 50 kilogram bag of rice was sold for N2. 500. today it is selling for N8. 000. A little bag of beans that was sold for N1. 800. now sells for every bit much as N7. 000. Is this non hideous. Before the beginning of the Obasanjo’s government in 1999. Nigerians were able to eat twice daily. Morning and dark. which was popularly called one –zero-one. At present. most Nigerians eat one time day-to-day. which is popularly called zero – one- nothing.
Is this non arrested development? If the agricultural sector is good funded and productive. why are monetary values of groceries on the addition? The unemployment rate has gone up drastically because many industries are shuting down while some are relocating to our neighboring states due to miss of regular supply of electricity. The Obasanjo’s government in 1999. familial 3. 500 megawatts of electricity from the armed forces. today it has reduced to a mere 2. 500 megawatts for a population of 150 million people. The jobs of industries and other organisations that consume big measure of electricity are compounded as a consequence of the high cost of crude oil merchandises such as gasoline and Diesel. These merchandises are used to power generators which provide alternate power for industries. As at the clip Nigeria return to democracy in 1999. the monetary values of crude oil merchandise were inexpensive. But before ex-president Olusegun Obasanjo. who besides doubled as crude oil curate. left office in 2007. he had increased the monetary values of these merchandises eleven times. A liter of kerosine that cost N9. 00 in 1999. now sells for N125. 00. Petrol that cost N11. 00 at that clip. now goes for N65. 00 while Diesel that cost N10. 00 so now sells for N120 per liter.