Advocates of the Social Media say that these communities facilitate societal and political alteration ; offer instructors. bibliothecs. and pupils valuable entree to educational support and stuffs ; promote increased interaction with friends and household and broadcast utile information quickly. Oppositions say that these sites alter children’s encephalons and behaviour ; waste clip on frivolous activity ; prevent face-to-face communicating ; expose users to marauders like paedophiles and burglars and spread false and potentially unsafe information.

In this paper I will give a brief history of the Social Media and will besides recite in an indifferent manner some pros and cons of the Social Media. History of the Social Media SixDegrees. com. which existed from 1997-2001. is considered the first societal networking site because it allowed users to make personal infinites and connect to friends on-line. Friendster. created in 2002. popularized societal networking in the United States but was rapidly outpaced by other societal networking sites like: MySpace ( 2003 ) . Facebook ( 2004 ) . Twitter ( 2006 ) . Pinterest ( 2009 ) . and Google+ ( 2012 ) . Facebook reported one billion monthly users worldwide on October 4. 2012. doing it the most popular societal networking site with one in seven people on the planet utilizing the site.

Every twenty-four hours. Facebook manages 2. 7 billion “Likes. ” 300 million exposure uploads. and 2. 5 billion position updates and check-ins. Twitter. the 2nd largest societal networking site. had an estimated 107. 7 million users in the United States ( as of Jan. 31. 2012 ) and 500 million worldwide users ( as of Sep. 28. 2012 ) . Pinterest is the 3rd largest societal web with 23 million alone visitants in July 2012. followed by LinkedIn. Tagged. Google+ . and MySpace. 59 % of all Internet users use at least one societal networking site and 56 % of societal networking users are female.

Social Media Pros

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Social networking sites spread information faster than any other media. Over 50 % of people learn about interrupting intelligence on societal media. 65 % of traditional media newsmans and editors use sites like Facebook and LinkedIn for narrative research. and 52 % usage Twitter. Social networking sites are the top intelligence beginning for 27. 8 % of Americans. ranking close to newspapers ( 28. 8 % ) and above wireless ( 18. 8 % ) and other print publications ( 6 % ) . Chirrup and YouTube users reported the July 20. 2012 Aurora. CO theatre hiting before intelligence crews could get on the scene. and the Red Cross urged informants to state household members they were safe via societal media mercantile establishments. ( Hughes & A ; Pesce. 2012 ) .

Law enforcement uses societal networking sites to catch and prosecute felons. 67 % of federal. province. and local jurisprudence enforcement professionals surveyed think “social media helps work out offenses more rapidly. ” In 2011 the NYPD added a Twitter tracking unit and has used societal networking to collar felons who have bragged of their offenses online. When the Vancouver Canucks lost the 2011 Stanley Cup in Vancouver. the metropolis erupted into public violences. Social media was used to catch vandals and rioters as societal networking site users tagged the people they knew in over 2. 000 exposures posted to the sites. ( Global Post. 2012 ) .

Social networking sites help pupils make better at school. 59 % of pupils with entree to the Internet study that they use societal networking sites to discourse educational subjects and 50 % use the sites to speak about school assignments. After George Middle School in Portland. OR introduced a societal media plan to prosecute pupils classs went up by 50 % . chronic absenteeism went down by 33 % . and 20 % of pupils school-wide voluntarily completed extra-credit assignments. ( Delmatoff. 2010 ) .

Social networking sites allow people to better their relationships and do new friends. 70 % of big societal networking users visit the sites to link with friends and household. and increased on-line communicating strengthens relationships. 52 % of teens utilizing societal media study that utilizing the sites has helped their relationships with friends. 88 % study that societal media helps them remain in touch with friends they can non see on a regular basis. 69 % study acquiring to cognize pupils at their school better. and 57 % make new friends. ( Common Sense Media. 2012 ) .

Social media helps empower concern adult females. Bing able to link on societal networking sites gives concern adult females a support group non readily found offline where female CEOs of Fortune 500 companies are outnumbered by male CEOs 15 to 485. Many societal media sites are dominated by adult females: 72 % of Pinterest users are adult females. 58 % of Facebook users. 62 % of MySpace users. 60 % of Yelp users. and 53 % of Instagram users. Business adult females useTwitter confabs to back up each other. give and have equal cognition. and have guest “speakers” portion adept cognition. One. org helps African adult females enterprisers connect on societal media to turn their concerns. ( One. org. 2012 ) .

Social media sites aid employers find employees and job-seekers find work. 64 % of companies are on two or more societal webs for enrolling because of the wider pool of appliers. more efficient hunts. and no demand for an outside recruiter. 89 % of employers have hired employees through LinkedIn. 26 % through Facebook. and 15 % through Twitter. One in six job-seekers recognition societal media for assisting happen their current occupation. 52 % of job-seekers use Facebook for the occupation hunt. 38 % usage LinkedIn. and 34 % usage Twitter. ( Jobvite. 2012 ) .

Social Media Cons

Social media enables the spread of undependable and false information. 49. 1 % of people have heard false intelligence via societal media. On Sep. 5. 2012 false rumours of fires. gunfights. and trains of gunslingers in a Mexico City suburb spread via Twitter and Facebook caused terror. flooded the local constabulary section with over 3. 000 phone calls. and temporarily closed schools. Shashank Tripathi. twirping as @ ComfortablySmug. spread false information in the wake of Hurricane Sandy by posting on Twitter that the New York Stock Exchange was deluging and that the power company would cut off electricity to all of Manhattan ; the fake information was picked up by national intelligence mercantile establishments including CNN and the Weather Channel. ( Laird. 2012 ) .

Social networking sites lack privateness and expose users to authorities and corporate invasions. 13 million users said they had non set or did non cognize about Facebook’s privateness scenes and 28 % shared all or about all of their stations publically. The US Justice Department intercepted 1. 661 pieces of information from societal networking sites and electronic mails in 2011. The 2009 IRS developing manual Teachs agents to scan Facebook pages for information that might “assist in deciding a taxpayer instance. ” 4. 7 million Facebook users have “liked” a wellness status or medical intervention page. information that is sometimes used by insurance companies to raise rates. ( Nance-Nash. 2011 ) .

Students who are heavy societal media users tend to hold lower classs. Students who use societal media had an mean GPA of 3. 06 while non-users had an mean GPA of 3. 82 and pupils who used societal networking sites while analyzing scored 20 % lower on trials. College students’ classs dropped 0. 12 points for every 93 proceedingss above the mean 106 proceedingss spent on Facebook per twenty-four hours. Two-thirdss of instructors believe that societal media does more to deflect pupils than to assist academically. ( Lanir. 2012 ) .

Social networking sites can take to emphasize and offline relationship jobs. A University of Edinburgh Business School survey found the more Facebook friends a individual has. the more nerve-racking the individual finds Facebook to utilize. Harmonizing to a Feb. 9. 2012 Pew Internet study. 15 % of grownup societal web users had an experience on a societal networking site that caused a friendly relationship to stop. 12 % of grownup users had an experience online that resulted in a face-to-face statement. and 3 % of grownups reported a physical confrontation as the consequence of an experience on a societal networking site. ( Rainie. Lenhart & A ; Smith. 2012 ) .

Social networking sites entice people to blow clip. 40 % of 8 to 18 twelvemonth olds spend 54 proceedingss a twenty-four hours on societal media sites. 36 % of people surveyed listed societal networking as the “biggest waste of clip. ” above phantasy athleticss ( 25 % ) . watching Television ( 23 % ) . and shopping ( 9 % ) . When alerted to a new societal networking site activity. like a new tweet or Facebook message. users take 20 to 25 proceedingss on norm to return to the original undertaking. In 30 % of instances. it took two hours to to the full return attending to the original undertaking. 42 % of American Internet users play games like Farmville or Mafia Wars on societal networking sites. ( Willis. 2012 ) .

Using societal media can harm occupation stableness and employment chances. Job recruiters reported negative reactions to happening profanity ( 61 % ) . hapless spelling or grammar ( 54 % ) . illegal drugs ( 78 % ) . sexual content ( 66 % ) . images of or with intoxicant ( 47 % ) . and spiritual content ( 26 % ) on possible employees’ societal media pages. Anthony Weiner. former US Representative. was forced to vacate after a Twitter sexting dirt in 2011. Several jocks were banned from the 2012 Olympics because of their racialist societal media stations. ( Recuero. 2012 ) .


After reexamining this information. make you see yourself as an advocator or opposition of the Social Media? Do you believe that the Social Media facilitates societal and political alteration. is valuable to instruction. promotes relationships and broadcasts utile information quickly? Do you believe the Social Media alters children’s behaviour. is a waste of clip. prevents personal communicating. is a utile tool for marauders and burglars and spreads false information?

I see myself as impersonal in respects to either recommending or opposing the Social Media. I do see positive things coming from the Social Media. but besides see negative things. I believe is a affair of making research and non taking all information the Social Media bombards us with as factual information. It’s a personal pick. either we advocate the Social Media or oppose it. The determination is up to you.

Bosker. B. ( 2012 ) Fortune 500 List Boasts More Female CEOs Than Ever Before. Retrieved January 6. 2013 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. huffingtonpost. com/2012/05/07/fortune-500-female-ceos_n_1495734. hypertext markup language. Common Sense Media. ( 2012 ) . Social Media. Social Life: How Teens View Their Digital Lives. Retrieved January 6. 2013 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. commonsensemedia. org/research/social-media-social-life. Dalke. R. ( 2011 ) . Social Media Case Study: The Stanley Cup Hockey Riots. Retrieved January 6. 2013 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. freshnetworks. com/blog/2011/06/social-media-case-study-the-stanley-cup-hockey-riots/ . Delmatoff. E. ( 2010 ) . How Social Media Transformed Our


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