E. Coli Essay, Research Paper
Make natural medical specialties work every bit good as over the counter medical specialties? This inquiry has been argued about for rather a piece. In my experiment, I will compare natural medical specialty? s effectivity on Escherichia coli to over the counter drugs, to eventually make up one’s mind if herbal redresss are better than E. coliEscherichia coli ( E. coli ) is a common bacterium in your tummy and bowels. E. coli is a gram negative rod bacteriums ( Fundamentalss of Microbiology ) . E. coli bacteriums make up 0.1 % of the entire bacterium in an adults tummy. E. coli has late been in the intelligence due to several instances of nutrient toxic condition by E. coli 0157: h7. This is a specific strain of E. coli and this peculiar strain causes a life endangering unwellness. Infections by this strain are rare. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //falcon.cc.ukans.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html ) E. coli was discovered in 1888 by Theodor Escherich. ( basicss of microbiology 3rd edition ) He foremost called it bacteria coli. It was subsequently changed to Escherichia coli to honour its inventor. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //ag.arizona.edu/classes/plp428/lecture/lect2/lect2_17jan.html ) E. coli is usually found in animate being and human bowel ( Fundamentalss of Microbiology 3rd Edition ) . This is the ideal home ground for E. coli, because it is moist, dark, and has a good nutrient supply. Since E. coli grows really fast, the copiousness of nutrient is necessary for the bacteriums? s endurance. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //falcon.cc.ukans.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html ) Some strains of E. coli can do a individual really ill. One strain is E. coli 0157: H7, which is a member of the enterohemorrhagic E. coli. This bacterium? s familial codification contains information for the production of a Shiga-like toxin, or Vero toxin. This toxin mixes in the tummy and bowels, and causes harm to the cells in your bowel. This harm is so terrible that the organic structure loose H2O and salts, blood vass are damaged, and shed blooding occurs. This may be deadly to worlds and particularly little kids and aged people, for they can non digest that much blood loss. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //falcon.cc.ukans.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html ) The symptoms of an E. coli 0157 inefection are what you might anticipate from a tummy bug. The symptom? s are: emesis, febrility, and diarrhoea. The bacterium does so much harm to your bowels that they bleed, so the diarrhoea may be bloody. If person has any bloody diarrhoea so the individual should be taken to the physician instantly. It is of import that a physician sees them. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //falcon.cc.ukans.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html ) There are many ways to kill E. coli. In meat one manner is by atomic radiation. If E. coli is exposed to radiation from Co 60 or other atomic stuffs, the E. coli will decease ( Golden, Frederic ) . Heat will besides kill E. coli. If it is cooked to 160 grades the E. coli dies. Pasteurizing merchandises besides kills the E. coli. coli. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //falcon.cc.ukans.edu/~jbrown/ecoli.html ) E. coli is used in many experiments because of the fact that it is so abundant and readily available. It is besides the cause of a batch of infections in humans.Natural Medicines Natural medical specialties are a portion of our universe. They? re natural redresss to many mundane unwellnesss. Natural medical specialties have been used through out the history of the universe. There are records of the Egyptians utilizing them in 1,600 BC. There are Bibles that day of the month back to the Yin dynasty in 1,500 BC. The Old Testament besides has many mentions to herbal medical specialties. The ancient Chinese were experts at natural medical specialty. They were experts on utilizing workss, animate beings and minerals to mend themselves. The Chinese? s natural medicine didn? t start spreading over to Europe until the second century, but there were many similarities in the Chinese? s and the Egyptian? s natural medical specialties. ( Polunin, Miriam ) Most states medical specialties have changed over the old ages, but China and India still use many of course based medical specialties. These medical specialties are called Ayurvedic and is compose chiefly of works redresss, because many Indians are vegetarians and will non utilize carnal merchandises. Most of these redresss were the same as China? s for they are following to each other. ( Polunin, Miriam ) There are many different natural medical specialties. The medical specialties that will be used in this experiment are: garlic, ginger, cinnamon, retem, camomile, and Mentha piperita. I chose these specific herbs because they, with the exclusion of camomile, all specifically remedy an unwellness in the digestive piece of land, which is where E. coli lives. The ground I chose camomile is because it is antibacterial. Another ground I choose these herbs is because they are all easy to acquire and I will hold no problem acquiring a supply of all of these for my experiment. Garlic is really good for you. It has been used for medical intents for so long that it can non be traced. It is native to Siberia and much of Southern Europe. The clove is the portion that is used for medical intents. Garlic has many medical utilizations. It is used for colds, coughs, bronchitis, and other bacterial illnesss. Garlic besides helps to command blood force per unit area and cholesterin. The Chinese used it for tuberculoses, coughs and digestion jobs. Garlic is taken in the signifier of tablets, capsules, sirup, and fresh cloves. ( Polunin, Miriam ) Ginger is an oriental spice. It was used chiefly by the Chinese. The Greeks besides used it, and the Romans had ginger in their medical kits when they invaded England. The best quality ginger now comes from Jamaica. Ginger is used as a circulatory stimulation. It relieves gas, and gripes, it induces sudating, lowers blood cholesterin, and relieves gesture illness. It is used in the signifier of a fresh
root, powder or tablets. (Polunin, Miriam) Cinnamon is one of the spices revered in the bible. This spice comes from the bark of a cinnamon tree. The cinnamon tree grow to be about 30 feet high with blossoms and leathery leaves. Cinnamon reduces muscle tension and spasms, it relieves gas and colic, stimulates the appetite and acts as an astringent. (Polunin, Miriam) Juniper is used as a flavoring in gin. The berry, which takes two years for it to ripen, is used for medicinal purposes. This plant is native to southern Europe. Juniper is used to treat urinary antiseptic. It also relieves gas and colic. Juniper is usually taken as a dried berry, or a tincture, which is an alcohol solution of the medicine. (Polunin, Miriam) Peppermint is one of the most used herbs in North and South America. Peppermint is used to reduce muscle tension and spasms. It?s given to calm digestive problems. It suppresses nausea and vomiting. It also induces sweating. Peppermint is taken in an oil or tincture. (Polunin, Miriam) Chamomile is called the plant?s physician because when it is planted near other plants they get better. It is grown in Europe and America. Chamomile reduces muscle tension and spasms. It is considered to be antibacterial. It is given for gastritis (a stomach inflammation) and for irritated intestines. It promotes wound healing, and is a digestive stimulant. (Polunin, Miriam)Over The Counter Medicines An ?over the counter medicine? is a medicine that you can buy without a doctors prescription. Some of the more common ones would be Advil, or Tylenol. The ones that will be used in this experiment are Tylenol, Sudafed, Advil, Tavist-1, Theraflu, and Triaminic. The form of Tylenol that will be used is Tylenol Flu. Tylenol Flu comes in the form of a gelcap. Tylenol Flu contains an antipyretic, Acetaminophen (500 mg), a cough suppressant, Dextromethorphan HBr (15mg), and a nasal decongestant, Pseudoephedrine HC1 (30mg). These medications should be taken every 6 hours and adults and children over 12 should take 2 gelcaps at a time. (www.tylenol.com) The form of Sudafed that will be used is Sudafed Cold and Cough. This medicine relieve pains, sore throats, coughs and fevers. It contains Acetaminophen, Dextromethorphan hydrobromide, Guaufensin, Pseudophedrine hydrochloride. The usual dose is 2 pills every 4 hours. (The PDR Family Guide to Over-the-Counter Drugs) Advil will also be used. Advil contains Ibuprofen, which is commonly taken for headaches, aches and pains. This medicine is taken in the form of a tablet, capsule, and gelcap form. The usual dosage for adults is 1 pill every 4 to 6 hours. For children, take one every 6 to 8 hours. (The PDR Family Guide to Over-the-Counter Drugs) Tavist-1 will temporarily relieve a runny nose, sneezing, or an itchy throat. Tavist-1 contains Clemastine fumarate. The recommended dosage is 1 tablet every 12 hours. (The PDR Family Guide to Over-the-Counter Drugs) The form of Theraflu that will be used is Theraflu Flu and Cold medicine. This medicine comes in a packet as a powder. The powder is poured into hot water and dissolved, like a tea, and drunk. This drug is used for relieving head and body aches, fevers, and other symptoms that follow a cold or flu. The ingredients are Acetaminophen, Chlorpheniramine maleate, and Pseudophedrine hydrochloride. Take the regular strength every 4 to 6 hours, and take maximum strength, every 6 hours. Theraflu should not be taken more than 4 times a day. (The PDR Family Guide to Over-the-Counter Drugs) Triaminic is used for unclogging stuffy noses, and temporarily reliving runny noses, and scratchy throats. The usual adult dosage is 4-teaspoonfuls, every 4 to 6 hours. The active ingredients are Chlorpheniramine maleate and Phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride. (The PDR Family Guide to Over-the-Counter Drugs)The ExperimentProblem-How will over the counter drugs and natural remedies compare in killing Escherichia coli (E. coli)Hypothesis- I think that more of the natural medicines will kill the E. coli than the over the counter medicines will. The herbal remedies all help with stomach problems, or are antibacterial, where most of the over the counter medications are used for respiratory infections, and only relieve the symptoms, not remedy them.Materials1. Several petri dishes2. Natural medicines; peppermint, juniper, garlic, ginger, cinnamon, and chamomile 3. Over the counter medicines; Tylenol, Sudafed, Advil, Tavist-1, Theraflu, and Triaminic4. E. coli bacteria5. Agar mix6. Ruler7. Incubator8. Graduated Cylinder. 9. Filter paper Procedure1. Prepare several petri dishes with agar.2. Saturate the filter paper disks with a solution that contains the over the counter medications and the natural remedies3. Inoculate agar plates with several strains of E. coli collected from the lab at Woburn Pediatrics.4. Drop prepared disks on agar.5. Incubate over night at 35 C.6. Observe for zones of inhibition to determine effectiveness of medications7. Dispose of all test materials properly8. Repeat process as many times as necessary. All of this research will be brought together to better help answer the question, do herbal medicines really work? This has been debated about for years, and this experiment will help to decide if they work or not. I think that the Herbal medicines will work better, because they directly treat the illness. The over the counter drugs just treat the symptoms. The chamomile will work the best, because it is antibacterial, and therefore will kill the bacteria better than all of the other remedies.