Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through auto didacticism Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts. Etymologically, the word “education” is derived from the Latin educatio (“A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing”) from educo (“I educate, I train”) which is related to the homonym educo (“I lead forth, I take out; I rise up, I erect”) from e- (“from, out of”) and duco (“I lead, I conduct”).

Definitions of Education: The Concepts of Education as given by prominent Indian educationists are as follows. 1. Rigved: “Education is something which makes man self-reliant and selfless”. 2. Upanishad: “Education is for liberation”. 3. Bhagavad Gita: “Nothing is more purifying on earth than wisdom. ” 4. Shankaracharya: “Education is the realization of self’. 5. Gunrunner: “Education is self realization and service to people”. 6. Kautilya: “Education means training of the country and love of the nation”. 7. Panini: “Human education means the training which one gets from nature”. . Vivekanand: “Education is the manifestation of the divine perfection, already existing in man. ” 9. Gandhi: “By education, I mean an all-round drawing out of the best in the Child and man body, mind and spirit. ” 10. Tagore: “The widest road leading to the solution of all our problems is education. ” 11. Sri Aurobindo: “Education which will offer the tools whereby one can live for the divine, for the country, for oneself and for others and this must be the ideal of every school which calls itself national”.

Concepts of Education as defined by Western philosophers. 1.Socrates: “Education means the bringing out of the ideas of universal validity which are latent in the mind of every man”. 2. Plato: “Education is the capacity to feel pleasure and pain at the right moment. It develops in the body and in the soul of the pupil all the beauty and all the perfection which he is capable of. ” 3. Aristotle: “Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body. It develops man’s faculty, especially his mind so that he may be able to enjoy the contemplation of supreme truth, goodness and beauty of which perfect happiness essentially consists. 4. Rousseau: “Education of man commences at his birth; before he can speak, before he can understand he is already instructed. Experience is the forerunner of the perfect”. 5. Herbert Spencer: “Education is complete living”.

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6. Heinrich Pestalozzi: “Education is natural harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers”. 7. Friedrich Willian Froebel: “Education is unfoldment of what is already enfolded in the germ. It is the process through which the child makes internal external”. The term “secularism” was first used by the British writer George Jacob Holyoake in 1851. 6] Although the term was new, the general notions of freethought on which it was based had existed throughout history. In particular, early secular ideas involving the separation of philosophy and religion can be traced back to Ibn Rushd (Averroes) and the Averroism school of philosophy. [7][8] Holyoake invented the term “secularism” to describe his views of promoting a social order separate from religion, without actively dismissing or criticizing religious belief. An agnostic himself, Holyoake argued that “Secularism is not an argument against Christianity; it is one independent of it.

It does not question the pretensions of Christianity; it advances others. Secularism does not say there is no light or guidance elsewhere, but maintains that there is light and guidance in secular truth, whose conditions and sanctions exist independently, and act forever. Secular knowledge is manifestly that kind of knowledge which is founded in this life, which relates to the conduct of this life, conduces to the welfare of this life, and is capable of being tested by the experience of this life. “


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