Does anybody wish to be watched? At face value. cipher wants other people to cognize their secrets and perchance utilize those secrets against them and certainly cipher want all their on-line information recorded and their phone call wired. So why is the National Security Agency ( NSA ) carefully taking down everything we do with their elephantine yeottabyte-computers deep in the Utah Desert? We know about this NSA strategy because of the leaker Edward Snowden who has been late granted a annual impermanent refuge by the Russian authorities. Why Russia granted the refuge and why Snowden is even there can be tied to three basic constructs of intercultural communicating. those of civilization & A ; societal group. position. and cultural relativism. Edward Snowden was a “security contractor at the NSA for the last four twelvemonth. employed by several private contractors” ( Economist 8840. 23 ) .

After denoting that he leaked the information that the NSA is utilizing a plan code-named PRISM. which collects an unknown measure of electronic mails. internet phone-calls. exposures. picture. file transportation. and social-networking informations from the engineering giants such as Google and Facebook. Snowden boarded a plane flight to Hong Kong. Harmonizing to his followings. Snowden foremost fled into the weaponries of the Chinese and so the Russian because of the rough interventions Private Bradley Manning. the leaker of military secrets to WikiLeaks. received. On August 1. Snowden “finally managed to interrupt free of his parturiency at the theodolite zone of Moscow’s international airport” after he received his refuge on Thursday. In theory. this event is profoundly connected to three constructs of communicating: civilization & A ; societal group. position. and cultural relativism. The three constructs are all constructs that are based on an intercultural point of position. because they all represent our civilization and the differences it has with other civilizations.

Our civilization is as distinguishable from other civilizations as two different people. they think otherwise. and interpret and act in conformity merely to their ain axioms and positions. The government’s position is really different from Snowden’s position. without their position being different. Snowden would non hold done what he did. or the U. S. would non be trailing him around the Earth. In add-on. if the Russian Government did non acknowledge cultural relativism. Snowden could ne’er woolgather of acquiring an refuge from Russia. Our civilization is a cardinal factor of why the Snowden matter even began. Because our civilization can be considered rather a avid security civilization. we impose such regulations that societal communities and other civilization may non O.K. .

After “September 11th 2001. George Bush tipped the balance excessively far from liberty toward security” and the balance stayed off of all time since ( Economist 8847. 11 ) . Due to the common American manner of life. people prefer a manner of life in which they receive the most sum of comfort. If you walk up to an American and inquire him what he thinks is of import in life. one of his many replies will be the enjoyment of life. Snowden is no exclusion. and thought that making something that would potentially halt the authorities from watching us and do himself experience more comfy when he utilize a phone is wholly acceptable. While the authorities is believing about tracking down possible felons. Snowden is believing approximately why he is being watched and record and wired every second of his life except when he is asleep. Snowden’s position is the same as the authorities in that they both want the best for the people. but they differ widely on how that is to be achieved.

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Snowden believes that in order for the people to be free and truly happy. they must be given the right of making what they want without certain constrains such as holding their telephone record collected when they are non suspected of offenses. On the other manus. the authorities believed that the more America knows. the better it is at supporting itself. Due to the fact that Snowden had a different position from the authorities. he “handed over ‘thousands’ of classified documents” and showed Americans what the authorities is making behind their dorsums and in forepart of their faces ( Economist 8840. 23 ) . Even though there has been inquiries sing why Russia granted Snowden the refuge. it can be explained easy by the communicating construct of cultural relativism. Cultural relativism recognizes that civilizations vary in how they think and behave every bit good as in what they believe and value. This clarified the point that Russians do non believe as Americans and their authorities maps otherwise.

If Russia were to believe like the American authorities. it would hold ne’er looked for “trouble” with Snowden. Americans consider their ain public assistance above all other things ; due to that. when the American authorities grants asylums to “criminals” urgently wanted elsewhere. the authorities seldom think about how it is impacting the other states. Now. when the American authorities is put in this state of affairs. it automatically assumes that all action done for Snowden’s benefit is for American’s hurt. On the Russian point of position. what they are making may really be a manner to maintain the “Security-Prioritized Americans” from traveling to war with others for no good ground. It is posisble that Russia thinks that it is incorrect for a state to be a dissembler. and that the American authorities should “learn a small lesson” from Russia’s refuge grant.

Edward Snowden would non hold done what he did without his civilization. his societal group. and his position. On the other manus. Russia would non allow an refuge if they did non acknowledge cultural relativism. Over all. the Snowden matter has been a contention between the people and the authorities. The people have to use all the communicating constructs to utilize in order to do the hereafter of America the best possible. and the authorities has to do its best judgements based on the people’s determinations. Therefore. people should all learn be better communicators. therefore go better citizens. and assist their state at such times of demand as this.

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