Without a doubt, out of all of the seasons, winter causes the most mood changes in people. The lack of light exposure plays a big role in the changes people experience. Season affective disorder, also known as SAD is a common form a depression that many people go through during late fall all the way through early spring. Not getting enough light and not getting it at the right time of day affects the circadian rhythm (Downs). With shorter days in the winter and the sun rising later, the body is not able to reset Its circadian clock.
Light also affects how much melatonin our bodies produce; melatonin Is a hormone made in the pineal gland in the brain. Melatonin is what regulates the sleep wake cycle (Downs). During winter months, people that suffer from SAD don’t produce enough melatonin which leads them to lose pleasure in Ass 2 regular activities as well as the energy to perform them. Other effects of SAD Include feelings of worthlessness, Inability to concentrate, along urges to eat foods high In sugar and crabs.
Although SAD typically only lasts a few months, the long term side effects include weight gain, strained relationships, and employment anguishes. For people that suffer SAD there are a few options that can help them get through this time of year. Although anti-depressants can be taken In order to combat this disorder, light therapy seems to be more effective (Diseases and Conditions). Light therapy entails the use off light box that mimics outdoor light. The best way to use it Is right after awakening in order to reset the circadian clock the same way the sun would In earlier months.
Most people use It for a minimum of thirty minute a day; what this does is it causes chemical changes in the brain that lift moods and ease symptoms. This form of treatment has found to be most effect when combined with anti-depressants. Although depression during the colder months of the year are more common, there are a group of people that experience the opposite. Certain people experience SAD during late spring in summer; unlike the ones who experience depression during winter, these people do not look forward to the summer months (Gooier).
Some of the symptoms of summer depression include loss of appetite, trouble sleeping, weight loss, and anxiety. There are many factors that can cause people to dislike summer (Griffin). One of them Is the lack of routine OFF and it’s when most people choose to take family vacations. This disrupts eating, sleeping and work schedules which are big parts of people’s day to day lives. Summer also brings up a lot of talk about body image. It seems that everyone is concerned about fitting into their bathing suit or shorts and that itself can be a reason Ass 3 to dread the summer.
Feeling like your body needs to be up to par with others at pool parties, cook outs, and family beach trips can be very stressful for certain people. Along with summer come expenses. For families, this is a time where they have to edged summer camps and babysitters into their weekly expenses. Summer is also when most people choose to go on vacations; the cost of plane tickets and hotels can add up quickly which is another reason for people suffering from summer depression to experience stress or anxiety.
In many cases the heat itself is enough to cause depression; high temperatures keep people corralled up in the comfort of their air conditioned homes. This leads to people interacting less with others as well as ceasing many day to day activated in order to avoid the heat. Hotter temperatures do not only affect people with summer depression, but tidies have shown that heat and humidity increase aggression in people. Along with causing people to be less able to concentrate and become sleepier, heat increases heart rates, blood pressures and testosterone levels (Miller).
All of these factors cause for crime rates to go up (Young). Crime statistics in the United States show the number of rapes, murders, and assaults to hotter days. The two main times of year that cause changes in moods are winter and summer, maybe because they are polar opposites, but what is surprising is that during the spring people are experiencing changes in their moods as well. Spring is known to be such a pleasant time of year where we transition from the cold winter to much more enjoyable temperatures.
However it has been shown that suicide rates go up in spring and early summer: what is the cause for this (Palmer)? After being cooped up inside all winter long, people are used to seeing less people and are therefore exposed to less conflict which leads to less frustration. More frequent interaction with others suggests suicidal thoughts. Other studies have shown that sunshine also triggers Ass 4 suicidal thoughts as they have found more attempted suicides in months with longer says. They believe a big part of it has to do with the increase in rain, barometric pressure, and thunder storms.
This goes hand in hand with all of the allergies people develop in the springtime. Allergens release anxiety producing chemicals and pollen count has been linked with the number of suicides. While winter depressives lack motivation, spring depressives are more energetic and have more desperation which causes them to be more likely to follow through with their suicide. Spring depression might not be as common, but it should definitely not be unnoticed. With every season come new changes. What may be the most anticipated time of year for one, may be the most dreaded time of year for another.