The universe has experienced a batch of struggles for rather a long clip throughout history. All the clip there is a struggle. the amendss caused is largely documented in footings of how many casualties have been reported. and the impact it has caused on the economic system. It is nevertheless rare to hear people speaking on the effects these struggles can hold on the natural environment or which stairss have been taken to protect the natural environment from such struggles. The natural environment for a long clip has been a soundless victim of the struggles that occurs either locally or internationally go forthing the reverberations to be felt for rather some clip.

In many instances. the impact the war and other struggles have been holding on the environment has been by and large really lay waste toing. There are many pollutants that are released in the environment during the war which can stop up impacting the natural resources. On the other manus. there are other natural resources that are depleted during the struggle go forthing the environment at a worse place. A major job is that most of the current struggles are witnessed in the development states which do non hold the economic capacity to cover with the environmental jobs therefore doing a major reverse.

Africa has had rather long instances of civil wars some which started during the colonial period and still taking topographic point to now. These states have been largely been contending over the boundary lines which were drawn by the colonial powers for their on involvements. Most of the wars taking topographic point in Africa are as a cause of contending for natural resources such as fertile farming land or H2O. Due to the long history of these civil wars in Africa. it is hard to cognize precisely what these struggles have caused to the environment.

However. looking at the rate of the loss of biodiversity in the affected parts. it can be easy to recognize how serious the state of affairs has left the harm to the environment. Darfur Conflict and the Impact It Has Caused on the Environment Southern Sudan has witnessed along civil war that has caused many states through the United Nations organic structure and the African integrity to seek and broker peace in the part and convey things to the normal state of affairs. The struggle that is being witnessed in the part right now is considered as a war between the different cultural and tribal lines ( IRIN. para 2 ) .

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The sides that are largely conflicting are the government’s military and the Janjaweed group. There are other Rebel groups that have besides made the state of affairs to be worse. The major cause of the war in Sudan has been attributed to contending for H2O between the Baggara nomads who moved to the South. a part largely occupied by the farming communities to seek for H2O. This struggle has led to many casualties being reported throughout. Despite seting in topographic point a authorities of national integrity. and increasing the presence of the African Union Peace keepers. the state of affairs has non improved in any manner ( Borger. para 2 ) .

There have been many grounds given as a beginning to the Darfur struggle. though the major grounds have been cited to be the increasing population which the current natural resources can non keep. hence doing these people to contend for the scarce resources. On the other manus. there have been claims that the struggle is as a consequence of the Arab dominants purpose to pass over out the black Africans. This has even made the United States to mention to this as a signifier of race murder in the country. Whichever the cause of the war. it has caused so many untold amendss.

The focal point on this struggle has ever been the figure of people who have died in the part. or the figure of those displaced. It is of import that people’s life and public assistance is put foremost. This is what has been the major concern of many organic structures. organisations and other states. However. like many other struggles. small concern has put on what consequence this struggle is doing to the environment ( AP. para 6 ) . As earlier argued. the war in Sudan was triggered by the environmental jobs which led to the communities to contend over scarce resources.

It is nevertheless a distressing tendency that the continued struggle is further jeopardizing the environment that is supposed to back up the whole population. The environment has been made worse by this struggle and made the land to go uninhabitable. This means that the tenseness between the conflicting communities gets to be more intense when it occurs that the natural resources are non traveling to back up all of them as expected ( Beyrer. & A ; Pizer pp 67 ) . Environmental debasement in Darfur has been on the rise due to the continued struggle.

It means that the struggle that started as a consequence of the environmental jobs is being escalated by destructing the environment farther. The issues in Sudan over the environment bespeak how complex the environmental affairs can be in the doing breach to peace. This part has witnessed the reduced instances of traditional methods of environmental direction systems. and in some topographic points being disregarded wholly. The struggle over resources in Darfur was at a local degree but expanded to national degree where political and economic marginalisation was heightened.

Cultural differences have contributed to doing the affairs worse to the state of affairs. Therefore. despite holding the political and economic factors taking to the jobs in Darfur. the major issue surrounds natural resources ( de Montesquiou. para 8 ) . The Sudanese Arabs moved to the South to look for grazing land for their animate beings due to the drawn-out drouth that was experienced in their parts. This led to them conflicting with the black husbandmans whose land the Arabs were croping on. The graze of the animate beings on the agriculture land worsened the state of affairs as there was increased dirt eroding which made land to be hapless for farming.

When the black husbandmans realized that the Khartoum authorities was apathetic in work outing the affair. they rebelled against them. By arising. the people started to contend destructing many manmade and natural resources that were on the manner ( Borger. para 7 ) . When the nomads inhabited the farming countries. they started to cut down the trees. To the husbandmans. the cut trees were really of import as they provided shadiness for their harvests and keeping together the dirt to avoid eroding. Due to the struggle of involvement. these of import natural resources were destroyed as they were caught in between the combat.

With no trees cover. the job of deficiency of rainfall becomes even heightened. which is a large problem to both the husbandmans and the nomads since they can non be able to acquire rain that is of import for the harvests and animate beings severally. Due to the bare land caused by the film editing of the trees. it has become harder for the husbandmans at the refugee cantonments to travel back to their places as they can non transport out any meaningful activities to such au naturel lands. With this sort of the state of affairs. it becomes hard to command human enduring without farther injury to the environment ( HPN. para 3 )

Many people have been killed in the struggle while 1000000s of others have been populating in the cantonments after being left homeless. At the cantonments. the refugees need to be given their basic demands. Water is a really of import trade good that no human existences can make without. In fact as argued throughout. the struggle has been environing contending for H2O resources. Therefore. piece at the cantonments. the refugees have to be provided with H2O. This has led to the human-centered organisations to delve boreholes to assist the refugees get H2O.

Sing that the land in Darfur is mostly dominated by difficult stones. it means that the rains that fall in the short season largely wash off. hence. the boreholes depends on the belowground militias. Sing the rate at which the militias are being used. it is tough to conceive of the effects that await the Darfur people when the militias will eventually be depleted. The state of affairs might take to the refugees being moved to another part that can back up them. There are already some countries that have reported the drying up of the boreholes. Apart from H2O. the refugees besides need other resources for their day-to-day work.

There have been many trees that have been cut by the refugees near the cantonments to supply them with firewood. The trees are besides cut and used to build and reenforce the stopgap houses of the refugees. This implies that trees are being used at a higher rate than they are being replaced. There are some refugees who are involved in some economic activities. The common economic activity that the refugees are involved with is doing mud bricks. The refugees are involved with this activity largely because it does non necessitate skilled labour. and the stuffs are readily available. A batch of H2O is normally used in the devising of the bricks.

A batch of H2O is used sing the waterlessness on most of the cantonment dirts. Furthermore. since the refugees want to do a batch of money. they try to do as many bricks as possible. The more work they do. the many stuffs are required. The countries that the dirt for doing the bricks is dug normally leaves many holes bespeaking the rate at which the dirt is being depleted. The formation of a bed of dirt takes many old ages. nevertheless. the refugees depletes many beds in a really short clip. It is really bad to detect that the fertile soils that can be used for agricultural production is really used for the devising bricks.

These dirts can non be replenished in the short tally as it is being depleted. In the countries that the refugees take the dirts to do the bricks. they leave the tree roots exposed which contributes to the wilting of the trees ( Homer-Dixon. pp 19 ) . Therefore. this still adds the sufferings the safeties already have. Furthermore. since to do the bricks requires a batch of H2O. it means that the refugees have to vie on how to utilize the H2O for the domestic work and the production of the bricks. In the terminal. the action contributes to the hastened depletion of the H2O resources.

The bricks can non be complete if they have non been burnt in the kiln. The kiln requires utilizing a batch of firewood. This means several trees have to be felled to be used in the kiln. One kiln can take every bit many as 35 trees for the bricks to be ready. This shows the impact this individual activity can hold on the of import natural resources. There have been increased sand dunes in the countries that had one time been covered by trees merely a few old ages ago. This is all because of the refugees activities in seeking to gain a life. Most of the dikes in Sudan are drying and holding a batch of deposit as a consequence of deforestation.

Many dikes have lost their retention capacity due to these grounds ( HPN. para 8 ) . Once the war comes to an terminal as is presupposed. the refugees will hold to travel back to their places to get down a new life. They will foremost necessitate to reconstruct their damaged places. which will fundamentally necessitate that they cut more trees to construct these places. Sing the already cut trees in their former places. there are hence no trees left behind to provide for their demands. This implies the edifice stuffs will hold to be sourced someplace else. which automatically will be increasing the base of the harm to other parts.

Having realized the impact the struggle is taking to the refugees impacting the environment. particularly on trees. several organisations like the US assistance have helped the refugees to plan the cookery stoves that uses a wholly decreased sum of fuel as a manner of the salvaging the environment. This stoves though taken as a move to salvage the environment. it has a large impact on the societal and cultural life ( de Montesquiou. para 11 ) . Since the struggle is between two cultural groups with two distinguishable life styles. each group undertakes an activity that they think will destruct the other.

For case. the nomads normally graze their animate beings on the farmers’ harvests. This leaves the husbandmans with nil as their harvests are destroyed by the animate beings. On the other manus. the husbandmans on their side burn the graze lands for the nomads. This is even a worse action to take as it does non merely impact the nomads in footings of missing nutrient. but it affects the husbandmans themselves in that the combustion of the land destroys the of import life beings that are found in the dirt which helps in bettering the dirt birthrate. This means that the dirt is left unproductive which will impact both the nomads and the husbandmans in the long tally.

Furthermore. the nomads are used to croping their animate beings and traveling from one part to another after the provenders in that country have reduced. However. due to the struggle. the migration routes for the nomads were blocked by the husbandmans. This made it impossible for the nomads to travel from one part to another with their animate beings. hence intending overgrazing in one part. The overgrazed countries will by and large hold really hapless production as there will be increased dirt eroding ( Homer-Dixon. pp 29 ) . In general. human-centered issues are normally given much precedence over the environment as a short term solution to any crisis.

Therefore. whatever actions that are taken by the involved organic structures do non give much or even any consideration to the environment. For case. when the refugee cantonments are set up. it is aimed at supplying security and a better life to the refugees. No consideration is put on what activities the refugees are traveling to transport out that might impact the environment whether in the long or short tally. This is being evidenced by the figure of boreholes drying up in assorted refugee cantonments ( HPN. para 16 ) . There are 100s of 1000s of the Darfur refugees who have been granted refuge in Chad.

The Chadian locals are therefore forced to vie for the natural resources in their district with the refugees. Puting in head the activities the refugees are engaged with. and the major purposes of the organisation that are associated with the taking attention of the refugees which are merely human-centered attention. the refugees can hold a really large impact on the environment of the host state. The refugees in the cantonments hopes for someday to travel back place. This implies they can non hold long term undertakings that will assist in the development and taking attention of the part that has granted them refuge.

This might do them to be at dunces with the host state and therefore be denied the refuge ( Gouroukoun. para 7 ) . Furthermore. as the refugees enter the Chadian dirt. it is non guaranteed that they have their safety. The Janjaweed have been following the refugees in their cantonments assailing them. This has besides posed danger to the Chadian subjects doing them to travel closer to where there is security in their state. In kernel. the Chadian people are non even free in their ain land because of hosting the refugees.

As the Chadian moves to the topographic point they feel is more secure. they besides cause congestion and restraint to the resources that are supposed to host them. There are many other effects that the struggle has caused to the environment. As the struggle rages on. both sides are to a great extent armed. The arms used to assail one group leave a batch of amendss to the environment. For case. there have been many harvests. homesteads and the graze evidences for each group that have been burnt by the opposing group. The oils and chemicals used to fire these belongingss. and the residue of the burnt merchandises find their ways into the H2O organic structures polluting them.

This on the other manus affects the lives in the H2O organic structures. Furthermore. as the crisis continues. arms used like bombs have continued to foul the environment and their consequence left in the environment for along clip impacting the quality of life. It is really hard to happen harvests turning in a part that has experienced a conflict field. This is because of the consequence that the arms and chemicals used in the procedure have on the environment. It is common to happen that the countries that had been bombed can non prolong any agricultural activity.

It therefore means that as the communities fight over the scarce natural resources and maintain on destructing them during the battle. it merely helps in intensifying the job they are already confronting ( Homer-Dixon. pp 41 ) . The Janjaweed and the other reserves in the Darfur struggle are ever in the hideaway. Most of the hideawaies are in the woods. This implies that they have to depend so much on the woods for their ain demands. For case. they have to cut down the trees to utilize for fuel. Hunt wild animate beings for nutrient. and all these activities upsets the natural environment scenes.

There are many parts that used to be occupied by trees and wild animate beings like the elephants and the antelopes but when looked at now are au naturel because of the activities that have been taking topographic point in the parts. Conclusion The Darfur crisis has really been said to hold started for over three decennaries ago. However. it merely escalated in 2003 when the current crisis became out of control. The major cause of the war has been attributed to miss of adequate natural resources. The job is that because the battles were due to the protection and the demand to get more natural resources. it is ironical that the same resources are being destroyed.

In kernel. this seems to increase the jobs already faced. This has created the barbarous rhythm of the war in the Darfur part. Therefore. unless the concerned organic structures look for a manner of covering with the job of these natural resources. it is non possible to halt this war despite the many peace understandings that might be signed by the leaders of the part.

Work Cited

AP. Darfur struggle worsens environment. 2007. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //platform. web logs. com/passionofthepresent/2007/06/darfur-conflict. hypertext markup language. Beyrer. Chris & A ; Pizer. Hank.

Public Health and Human Rights: Evidence-based Approaches ; ISBN 0801886465. JHU Press. 2007. Borger. Julian. Darfur struggle trumpeters epoch of wars triggered by clime alteration. UN study warns. 2007. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. defender. co. uk/environment/2007/jun/23/sudan. climatechange. de Montesquiou. Alfred. Darfur force leaves environmental cicatrixs. 2007. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. msnbc. msn. com/id/19357602/ . IRIN. Sudan: Climate alteration – merely one cause among many for Darfur struggle. 2007. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.

globalsecurity. org/military/library/news/2007/06/mil-070628-irin03. htm. Gouroukoun. Chadians Increasingly Feel Impact of Darfur Conflict. 2006. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. voanews. com/english/archive/2006-04/2006-04-21-voa44. cfm. Homer-Dixon. F. Thomas. Environment. Scarcity. and Violence ; ISBN 0691089795. Princeton University Press. 2001. HPN. Environmental debasement and struggle in Darfur: deductions for peace and recovery. 2008. Retrieved on October 29. 2008 from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. alertnet. org/thenews/newsdesk/HPN/10adb58d76337a4eb2b436c319bf427e. htm.


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